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doc xx-2019学年高二英语上学期第一次质量检测试题本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试时间120分钟。考试结束后,将答题纸和答案卡一并交回。第Ⅰ卷第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)第一节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标注在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1. What is the weather like now?A. Sunny. B. Cloudy. C. Rainy.2. When will the speakers get to New York?A. At 8:30. B. At 8:50. C. At 9:00.3. What does the woman suggest?A. Leaving on Wednesday.B. Cutting their visit short.C. Calling off their trip.4. Who wants to borrow the camera?A. Mary. B. Jane. C. Alice.5. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?A. New dictionaries. B. Language forms. C. Language development.第二节 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给出的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。听第6段材料, 回答第6至7题。6. What season is it now?A. Late autumn. B. Early summer. C. Mid-spring.7. What can we know about the women?A. She loves summer.B. She likes spring most.C. She prefers winter to summer.听第7材料,回答第8至10题。8. Where does the man probably e from?A. London. B. San Francisco. C. New York.9. How many times has the man been to Beijing?A. Once. B. Twice. C. Three times.10. When does this conversation take place?A. In spring. B. In summer. C. In autumn听第8材料,回答第11至13题11. Where are the two speakers planning to go in the morning?A. To a park. B. To an art museum. C. To a shopping center.12. What kind of restaurant do the two speakers want to go for lunch?A. An Italian one. B. A Japanese one. C. An Indian one.13. Why does the man want to visit the zoo in the afternoon?A. The zoo will be closed tomorrow.B. The zoo is open free to visitors today only.C. There are some unusual animals in the zoo听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。14. Why is the man seeing the doctor?A. His head hurts. B. He feels tired. C. He has got a cold.15. Who finally persuaded the man to visit the doctor to find out what the trouble is?A. his mother B. his wife C. his friend16. When did the man return to work last time he was ill?A. When he felt better. B. When he was very well. C. When his boss called him.17. What can we learn about the doctor?A. She isn’t fit for her job.B. She gives the man some pills.C. She will give the man further tests.听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。18. What won’t be included in the mid-term test?A. True or false. B. Translation. C. Question.19. What is the topic of tonight’s lesson?A. The importance of speech delivery.B. Some examples of good speech delivery.C. Details helping with the speech delivery.20. What’s the most important thing of good speech delivery?A. Eye contact. B. Speaking fluently. C. Proper gestures.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 AKing's College Summer School is an annual( 每年的) training program for high school students at all levels who want to improve their English. Courses are given by the teachers of King' s College and other colleges in New York. Trips to museums and culture centers are also organized. This year's summer school will be from July 25 to August 15.More information is as follows:Application (申请) dateStudents in New York should send their applications before July 18, xx.Students of other cities should send their applications before July 16, xx.Foreign students should send their applications before July 10, xx. CoursesEnglish LanguageSpoken English: 22 hoursReading and Writing: 10 hoursAmerican History: 16 hoursAmerican Culture: 16 hours StepsA letter of self-introductionA letter of remendation(推荐)﹡ The letters should be written in English with all the necessary information. CostDaily lessons: $200Sports and activities: $100Travels: $200Hotel service: $400﹡You may choose to live with your friends or relatives in the same city. Please write to:Thompson, Sanders1026 King' s StreetNew York, NY 10016, USAE-mail: KC-Summer-School@ yahoo, 21. You can most probably read the text in ________.A. a newspaper B. a travel guide C. a textbook D. a telephone book22. Which of the following is true about King' s College Summer School?A. Only top students can take part in the program.B. King' s College Summer School is run every other year.C. Visits to museums and culture centers are part of the program.D. Only the teachers of King' s College give courses.23. If you are to live with your relatives in New York, you will have to pay the school __A. $200 B. $400 C. $500 D. $90024. What information can you get from the text?A. The program will last two months.B. You can write to Thompson only in English.C. As a Chinese student, you can send your application on July 14, xx.D. You can get in touch with the school by e-mail or by telephone.BIt was Mother's Day morning last year and I was doing shopping at our local supermarket with my five­year­old son, Tenyson. As we were leaving, we found that only minutes earlier an elderly woman had fallen over at the entrance and had hit her head on the concrete. Her husband was with her, but there was blood everywhere and the woman was embarrassed and clearly in shock.Walking towards the scene, Tenyson became very upset about what had happened to the couple. He said to me, “Mum, it's not much fun falling over in front of everyone.”At the front of the supermarket, a charity group had set up a stand selling cooked sausages and flowers to raise funds. Tenyson suggested that we should buy the lady a flower. “It will make her feel better,” he said. I was amazed that he'd e up with this sweet idea. So we went over to the flower seller and asked her if we could buy a flower for the lady to cheer her up. “Just take it,” she replied. “I can't take your money for such a wonderful gesture.”By now paramedics(急救人员) had arrived, and were attending to the injured woman. As we walked up to her, my son became intimidated by all the blood and medical equipment. He said he was just too scared to go up to her.Instead I gave the flower to the woman's husband and told him, “My son was very upset for your wife and wanted to give her this flower to make her feel better.”At that, the old man started crying and said, “Thank you so much, you have a wonderful son. Happy Mother's Day to you.”The man then bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling her who it was from. Though badly hurt and shaken, the old lady looked up at Tenyson with love in her eyes and gave him a little smile.25.What does the author intend to tell us?A.One can never be too careful. B.Actions speak louder than words.C.Love begins with a little smile. D.A small act of kindness brings a great joy.26.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?A.The elderly woman was knocked down by Tenyson.B.Tenyson's idea of buying a flower gained his mother's support.C.Tenyson's care for the elderly woman puzzled the flower seller.D.The elderly woman was moved to tears by Tenyson's gesture.27.The underlined word “intimidated” in the fourth paragraph probably means “________”.A.astonished B.struck C.frightened D.excited28.What would be the best title for the passage?A.Flower power B.Mother's DayC.An accidental injury D.An embarrassing momentCBea,a five­year­old girl,was born with a severe illness which means she has to be kept away from other children of her age,because her body is so weak that she would be unable to fight off a mon cold.Bea was diagnosed(诊断)with this disease when she was five months old.Since then,the hospital has bee her second home,medicines for food,and all kinds of treatments her friends. Bea received a very special treatment when she was four years old,which would allow her to be like a normal child if successful.After that,she spent two weeks in ICU before living for four months on a separate ward(病房).Bea was allowed home in February but still needed a special tube in her nose to send in medicine every two days.Her parents clean the house from top to bottom every two days and hoover (用吸尘器清扫) each morning to make sure Bea is free from any possible bacteria.Anna,Bea's mother,said,“She is weak but so strong.We've never seen any child stronger than her.It seems as if nothing in the world could beat her.We really hope to send her to school next year.”She used to drive on the local playground,but Bea was only allowed to watch sitting in the car.“It was heartbreaking to see Bea staring at the running and laughing children there.She never stopped fighting the disease.I know she's dying for such a normal life.”Hearing of Bea's story,the Make­A­Wish Foundation has paid for a play park to be built in her back garden.“Bea is very brave and she has encouraged many children like her,”said the chairman of the foundation.29.From the passage we can infer that________.A.Bea will need a tube in her nose all the timeB.Bea has to stay in hospital until she is an adultC.Bea's parents will send her to school next yearD.Bea's mother feels proud when talking about her30.The Make­A­Wish Foundation had a play park built for Bea to________.A.honor her bravery in fighting against her diseaseB.call for attention to this immune system deficiencyC.encourage more children like Bea to be optimisticD.launch a campaign against this serious disease31.What makes Bea so brave to fight against this serious disease?A.Her parents' encouragement and care.B.Her dreaming of owning a play park.C.Her wish to bee a normal child.D.Her doctor's skills and experience.DThe Uniqueness of Finger-prints (指纹的唯一性)Every human being has a unique arrangement of the skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable. Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of finger-prints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed on from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case.The ridge structure on a person’s fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by surface injuries. Burns, cuts and other damage to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by new one, which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be destroyed. Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own finger-prints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take.Finger-prints can be made very easily with printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. With special methods, identification can be achieved successfully within a short time. Because of the simplicity and economy of this system, finger-prints have often been used as a method of solving criminal case. A suspected man may deny a charge but this may be in vain. His finger-prints can prove who he is even if his appearance has been changed by age or accident.When a suspect leaves finger-prints behind at the scene of a crime, they are difficult to detect with the naked eye. Special techniques are used to “develop” them. Some of the marks found are inplete but identification is possible if a print of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained.32. Scientists and experts have proved that the pattern of a human being’s finger skin _____.A. is similar to his mother’sB. is valuable to himself onlyC. is like that of others with the same type of bloodD. is different from that of all others33. If your fingers are wounded by knife, fire or other means, the structure of skin will ________.A. be changed partly B. be replaced by a different oneC. be the same when the wound is recovered D. bee ugly34. Some criminals remove their own finger-prints by ________.A. using printer’s ink B. injuring the inner skinC. damaging the outer skin D. damaging the colour35. Finger-prints have often been used as a method of solving criminal case because it ________.A. is plicated but reliable B. is simple and not expensiveC. is expensive but easy to do D. can bring a lot of money第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(注意:E涂AB, F涂AC, G涂AD)What is the purpose of reading or studying? If you can't remember what you read or study, it will be a waste of time.  36     One useful aid that does help you remember what you study is to have a specific purpose or reason for reading.Why does a clerk in a store go away when your reply to her offer to help is, "No, thank you, I'm just looking."? Both you and she know that if you aren't sure what you want, you are not likely to find it. But suppose you say instead, "Yes, thank you. I want a pair of sun glasses." She says, "Right this way, please.” It’s quite the same with your studying. If you choose a book, "just looking" for nothing in particular, you are likely to get just that—nothing.  37 Your reasons will vary; they will include reading or studying "to find out more about", "to understand the reasons for" and "to find out how".38 Before you start to study, you say to yourself something like this, "I want to know why Stephen Vincent Benet happened to write about America".Because you know why you are reading or studying, you relate the information to your purpose and remember it better.Reading is not one single activity.  39 As you read, you take in ideas rapidly and accurately. But at the same time you express your own ideas to yourself as you react to what you read. You have a kind of mental conversation with the author.This additional process of thinking about what you read includes evaluating it, relating it to what you already know, and using it for your own purposes.  40 One part of critical reading, as you have discovered, is distinguishing between facts and opinions. Facts can be checked by evidence. Opinions are one's own personal reactions.Another part of critical reading is judging sources. Still another part is drawing accurate inferences.A. This is an effective studying way.B. In other words, a good reader is a critical reader.C. You remember better when you know what you’re reading.D. At least two important processes go on at the same time.E. It is important for students to have a positive attitude to their study.F. But if you do know what you want, you are almost sure to get it.G. Perhaps you have already discovered some good ways to keep yourself from forgetting.第三部分 英语知识运用完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Not long before, my daughter’s shoes were scratched (划破) with a knife. She burst into tears, so I took them to the shoemaker’s.The young apprentice (学徒) glanced at the ___41___ and said, “Nothing I can do except ___42___ the upper.” His master looked at them and said, “If you ___43___ me, I will add more scratches on both the shoes.”I was ___44___ and asked why. He explained, “As if the openings were made ___45___ for a special style.” I didn’t quite understand him, ___46___ I decided to leave the shoes.Two days later I dropped by from work to ___47___ the shoes, only to find more scratches on each shoe, all the openings were patched (缝补) by soft red leather, the stitches (脚针) were twisted with the appearance looking more ___48___ and interesting than ever. I couldn’t help praising the master’s ___49___.Another time, my sister’s blouse was torn, leaving a large opening. My wife checked it ___50___ and then said, “Let me take it home and ___51___ it.Three days later, seeing it again, I was greatly ___52___ at the torn part. It took on a look of a snowman made of flowery rags. I sighed with ___53___ “It’s amazing!”“I was ___54___ by that shoemaker. Patches are supposed to be ___55___, but a skilled craftsman (工匠) can make it take on a kind of perfection.” replied my wife.Her ___56___ influenced me greatly: Perfection is ___57___ to achieve in life. Patches appear in the ___58___ of injury, disability or disease. Since you can’t change the existence of wound, you should not ___59___ people’s sympathy by showing the wound, which is meaningless. Just sew the wound by patches and provide a most beautiful flower on it, that is the ___60___ of life.41. A. knife B. opening C. hole D. mark42. A. replace B. remove C. throw D. tear43. A. tell B. call C. show D. trust44. A. satisfied B. confused C. excited D. worried45. A. on purpose B. by chance C. at least D. in turn46. A. so B. and C. for D. but47. A. bring B. take C. buy D. find48. A. plex B. strange C. lovely D. familiar49. A. skill B. promise C. performance D. manner50. A. anxiously B. curiously C. carefully D. angrily51. A. wash B. iron C. wear D. mend52. A. puzzled B. disappointed C. surprised D. shocked53. A. anger B. regret C. praise D. care54. A. delighted B. inspired C. moved D. attracted55. A. mon B. similar C. ugly D. rare56. A. feelings B. words C. actions D. decisions57. A. uncertain B. important C. impossible D. unnecessary58. A. form B. name C. treat D. need59. A. treat B. accept C. ignore D. expect60. A. meaning B. experiment C. experience D. influence第II卷第一节:语法填空(共10个小题,每题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式Many times we spare no effort at work, 61 (offer) hours of overtime by ignoring our family life. We spend time with people who we have nothing in mon with, and attend social 62 (activity) we have no interest 63 . We always find ourselves living our lives in the way 64 pleases and impresses others instead of being ourselves. In fact, for the majority of people, they only think about 65 (they) for 99% of the time, and 66 (rare) give us a second thought, as a result of which, we often end up unhappy and feeling out of place.In view of this , it’s time to think about ourselves, our own family, and start creating a future 67 (base) on our own likes and dislikes. 68 , think it over next time when we are required to work overtime. Trying to be a loving parent or good friend 69 (be) very likely to give us far more 70 (please) and a feeling of security, connection and belonging.第二节:单词拼写(共4个小题,每题1分,满分4分)71.These are the people who have (贡献) more to the development of the Internet.72.This is a good chance to go abroad, so she is (不愿意的)to give it up.73. (非常高兴)at the good news, she burst into tears.74.His speech left a good i on us.第三节:翻译句子,把下面的句子翻译成英语(共3个小题,每题2分,满分6分)75.你们的计划非常值得考虑。76.如果你方便的话,请来出席我的生日聚会。77.只有当我离开父母去上大学的时候,我才意识到我是多么爱他们。第四节:书面表达(满分25分)假如你是李明,今年暑假参加了社会实践活动,在一家快餐店打工。请你根据下面的提示用英语写一篇短文“My Unforgettable Experience”,发表在校报上。内容要点:1. 工作时间:每天8小时,共4周;2. 工作情况:当保洁员(cleaner),工作辛苦枯燥,起早贪黑,中途差点放弃;3. 你的体会:遇到没预料到的困难,认识到劳动(labor)的意义。注意:1. 必须使用第一人称;2. 不要逐句翻译,但可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 词数100左右。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________新泰一中xx级高二上学期第一次质量检测英语答案听力 1—5 ABACC 6—10 ACBBA 11—15 BACBB 16—20 ACBCA阅读: 21 -25 ACCBD 26--30BCA DA 31--35 CDCBBB篇【要点综述】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了去年母亲节的早上,“我”带着五岁大的儿子购物要离开时,一位老太太在超市入口处摔倒了,流了很多血。这时儿子提议去超市前面的慈善义卖处给这位老太太买朵花,安慰她一下。后来,作者请老太太的丈夫转交了花并转达了孩子对她的关爱之心,老人非常高兴。25.D 推理判断题。A项意为“一个人无论怎样小心都不过分”;B项意为“事实胜于雄辩”;C项意为“爱开始于微笑”;D项意为“一个小小的善行会带来巨大的喜悦”。综合全文可知,D项最符合文章主旨。26.B 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“As we were leaving, we found…on the concrete.”可知,A项是错误的;根据第三段中的“I was amazed that he'd e up with this sweet idea. So we went over to the flower seller…”可知,B项是正确的;根据第三段中的最后一句可知,卖花的人非常认同作者母子的做法,故C项是错误的;根据最后一段可知,老太太并没有感动得落泪,故D项是错误的。27.C 词义猜测题。根据文章第四段中的“He said he was just too scared to go up to her.”可知,儿子被鲜血和医生救助的场景吓到了,他害怕了,故选择C项。astonished 惊讶的,震惊的;struck被打击的;excited激动的,兴奋的。28.A 主旨大意题。B项只是个时间点,在本文中并没有详尽表述;C项只是文中的一个小细节;D项在文中没有具体描述。综合全文可知,只有A项概括了全文的事实和主旨,故选择A项。七选五;36-40 GFADB完形填空:【答案】41—45 BADBA 46—50DBCAC 51—55DCCBC 56—60 BCADA文章主要讲述了作者从修鞋匠和妻子试图使破了的鞋子和衣服变得完美漂亮这件事的出人生的思考:人生不可能是完美的,用补丁缝合伤口并点缀上美丽的鲜花就是人生的意义所在。【41题详解】考查名词。上文提到作者女儿的鞋子被刀划破了,由此可知是年轻的学徒看了看鞋的“开口处”。此外下文多处出现opening。A. knife 刀子 B. opening 开口 C. hole 洞 D. mark标记,故选B。【42题详解】考查动词。年轻的学徒对被刀子滑坡的鞋无能为力,只能“更换”上面的部分。后三项都不符合语境。A. replace 更换 B. remove 移走,搬开 C. throw 扔 D. tear撕,故选A。【43题详解】考查动词。上文提到学徒只能更换被划破的部,除此之外,无计可施,再根据师傅的话可知他另有妙招,但首先需要赢得作者的信任。A. tell 告诉 B. call 打电话 C. show 展示 D. trust信任,故选D。【44题详解】考查形容词。作者的目的是修鞋,而修鞋师傅竟然打算在两只鞋上增加更多的划痕,作者自然慼到迷惑不解,并询问其原因。A. satisfied 感到满意的 B. confused感到困惑的 C. excited 感到兴奋的 D. worried感到担心的,故选B。【45题详解】考查介词短语。修鞋师傅解释说这样看起来这些划痕似乎是为了某种特殊的风格而“故意”制作的。A. on purpose 故意 B. by chance 偶然 C. at least 至少 D. in turn 反过来,依次,故选A。【46题详解】考查连词。虽然作者没有充分理解对方的话,但作者决是把鞋留给对方修理,此处表示的是转折关系。A. so 因此 B. and 并且 C. for 因为 D. but但是,故选D。【47题详解】考查动词。上文提到作者把鞋交给了修鞋师傅,所以这里是来把鞋取走。A. bring 带来 B. take 拿走 C. buy 买 D. find 发现,故选B。【48题详解】考查形容词。根据后面的interesting可知弯曲曲的针脚使缝补的地方看起来更加“可爱”A. plex复杂的 B. strange 奇怪的 C. lovely 可爱的 D. familiar熟悉的,故选C。【49题详解】考查名词。作者情不自禁地赞美修鞋师傅的高超“技术”此外 倒数第二段中的 skillful也是线索。A. skill 技术 B. promise 承诺 C. performance 表现 D. manner方式,故选A。【50题详解】考查副词。既然衬衫被攜破,留下—个大口子,应该是“仔细地”看过之后再做出决定。A. anxiously 焦虑地 B. curiously 好奇地 C. carefully 小心地 D. angrily 生气地,故选C。【51题详解】考查动词。上文提到衬衫撕破,自然是带回家修补。A. wash 洗 B. iron 熨烫 C. wear 穿 D. mend修补,故选D。【52题详解】考查形容词。虽然撕破了一个大口子,但是经过作者妻子的修补,所有被的撕破的部分都呈现出水晶的外形并且被进行了精心设计,由此可知作者感到非常惊奇。A. puzzled 迷惑的 B. disappointed 失望的 C. surprised 吃惊的 D. shocked震惊的,故选C。【53题详解】考查名词。作者想不到一件被撕破得不成样的衬衫在妻子巧妙设计下竟然变成了工艺品,自然由衷地赞叹。引号中的内容也是线索提示。A. anger 生气 B. regret 后悔 C. praise 表扬 D. care关心,故选C。【54题详解】考查形容词。作者妻子的“灵感”受惠于那个修鞋师傅,她是在他的启发下才对那件被破的衬衫进行了巧天工的修补。此外,下一段开头的inspired也是喑示。A. delighted感到高兴的 B. inspired 受到鼓舞的 C. moved 感动的 D. attracted被吸引的,故选B。【55题详解】考查名词。根据生活常识可知“补丁”本来是非常“难看的”A. mon 常见的 B. similar 相似的 C. ugly丑陋的 D. rare罕见的,故选C。【56题详解】考查名词。根据上文妻子的话可知作者是被妻子的一段话点醒。A. feelings 感情 B. words 话语 C. actions 行为 D. decisions决定,故选B。【57题详解】考查形容词。根据后文出现的injury,disability or disease 等可知人生中完美是不可能的。A. uncertain 不确定的 B. important 重要的 C. impossible 不可能的 D. unnecessary没必要的,故选C。【58题详解】考查名词。根据语境可知人生中的补丁或许会以某种形式出现,如疾病,受伤,残疾等。A. form 形式 B. name 名字 C. treat 对待 D. need需要,故选A。【59题详解】考查动词。根据后文meaningless 可知期望别人的同情是没有意义的。A. treat对待 B. accept 接受 C. ignore忽视 D. expect期望,故选D。【60题详解】考查名词。由上一句可知,这里指将“伤口”缝合并点缀上美丽的鲜花,这是人生的意义A. meaning 意义 B. experiment 实验 C. experience 经历 D. influence影响,故选A。语法填空:61. offering 62. activities 63. in 64. that/which 65. themselves66. rarely 67. based 68. Therefore/Thus 69. is 70. pleasure单词拼写:71.contributed 72. unwilling 73 .Delighted 74.impression翻译句子:75.Your plan is well worth considering ./ consideration.(Your plan is worthy of being considered ./to be considered.)76.If it is convenient to/for you, please e to attend my birthday party.77.Only when I left my parents to go to college/university did I realize how much I loved them.My Unforgettable ExperienceDuring the summer holidays, in order to do something meaningful instead of staying at home, I got a job at a fast food restaurant as a cleaner. I worked eight hours a day for four weeks.Every day I started off for work early in the morning and got home late in the evening. The job was hard and boring and seemed endless, which made me so tired that I nearly gave it up half way. However, I finished it with determination. Although I met with a lot of difficulties in the work, it helped me understand better what labor means. I think it’s really an unforgettable experience.