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doc Unit 3 Travel journal话题诵读 日积月累Around the world in 80 waysHow can you travel around the world without ever leaving the earth's surface?For many of us,it sounds like an impossible mission(任务),but an eco-friendly British couple has done just that.They have travelled around the world for 297 days without getting on a single plane.“It feels like a historic achievement,following in the footsteps of great travellers before the plane was invented,”said the couple.Tom Fewins,32,and Lara Lockwood,30,used 78 buses,61 trains,34 cars,18 boats,6 bicycles,2 mopeds(电动自行车)and 1 elephant.They wanted to prove that tourists can see the world without producing a large carbon footprint(碳足迹).So they spent 10 months travelling 44,609 miles through 18 countries on land and sea.They believed that they used less than 3,000 kg of carbon dioxide(二氧化碳),pared with six times that amount if they had used planes.“We proved you can still be well travelled without damaging the environment,”said Fewins.The pair,who returned home to England two weeks ago,travelled very slowly,taking time to enjoy what was happening around them.The most difficult part of the trip was when they had to persuade the captain of a 100,000-ton cargo ship(货船)to take them from Hong Kong to Long Beach in California.Tom proposed(求婚)to Lara when they crossed the International Date Line(国际日界线)in the Pacific.Lara was over the moon (欣喜若狂):“It was very romantic(浪漫的).He got down on one knee and I had no hesitation(犹豫)in saying yes.”[词海拾贝]1.surface n.表面2.invent vt.发明;编造3.prove vt.证明;证实4.pare vt.比较;对照5.damage n.& v.损害,毁坏[问题思考]1.Why did they travel around the world without getting on a plane?_______________________________________________________答案:Because they wanted to prove that they could travel well without damaging the environment.2.When and how did Tom propose to Lara?_______________________________________________________答案:Tom proposed to Lara when they crossed the International Date Line in the Pacific by getting down on one knee.自主预习 步步提高词汇识记Ⅰ.将单词与其正确释义配对1.transport     A.费用2.prefer B.最后;终于3.fare C.时间表;进度表4.persuade D.旅行;旅程5.finally E.运送;运输6.journey F.说服;劝说7.attitude G.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物)8.schedule H.态度;看法答案:1.E 2.G 3.A 4.F 5.B 6.D 7.H 8.CⅡ.根据所给汉语提示写出单词1.__________n.&vt.预测;预报2.__________n.小包;包裹3.__________n.保险4.__________n.风景;视野;观点;见解vt.观看;注视;考虑5.__________n.枕头;枕垫6.__________n.火焰;光芒;热情7.__________prep.在……下面8.__________n.庙宇;寺庙9.__________n.洞穴;地窖10.________vi.(指液体)沸腾;(水)开________ adj.沸腾的________ adj.烧开的11.________n.羊毛;毛织品________ adj.羊毛12.________ vt.依赖;依赖________adj.可信赖的;可靠的答案:1.forecast 2.parcel 3.insurance 4.view5.pillow 6.flame 7.beneath 8.temple 9.cave10.boil boiling boiled 11.wool woolen12.rely reliableⅢ.根据汉语提示写出正确的短语1.We should____________(利用)our free time to relax and enjoy ourselves.2.The long river starts from the top of the mountain and____________(流经)many valleys and across a wide plain and finally reaches the sea.3.Since he was ten,he has been____________(梦想)being a well-educated person.4.As soon as he____________(从……毕业)university,he went to work abroad.5.The old temple is located____________(在海拔……处)2,000 metres.答案:1.make use of 2.flows through 3.dreaming of4.graduated from 5.at an altitude ofⅣ.选词填空(注意词形变化)be fond of;make up one's mind;change one's mind;give in;care about;ever since1.He doesn't____________ clothes.2.We have been friends____________ we met at school.3.We have to____________ to their demands.4.May I ask if you____________ travelling by sea?5.At last,Tom__________________ to do it.6.Nothing will make me__________________.答案:1.care about 2.ever since 3.give in 4.are fond of5.made up his mind 6.change my mind语篇理解Ⅰ.Skimming for the main information1.What does the passage mainly tell us?A.The author and his sister plan and make preparations for their bike trip.B.The author and his sister will take a bike trip along the Mekong River.C.The author and his sister do some research on the Mekong River.D.The author and his sister went to the library to find a large atlas.答案:B2.Match the general idea of every paragraph.Para.1________  A.Find some information to get ready for the trip.Para.2________ B.Dream of travelling along the Mekong River by bike.Para.3________ C.Plan for the trip and Wang Kun's stubborn sister.答案:Para.1—B Para.2—C Para.3—AⅡ.Scanning for detailed information1.When did they get the chance to take a bike trip?A.After graduating from middle school.B.During college.C.After graduating from college.D.During middle school.2.After Wang Wei decided the places they would go,she________.A.prepared everything wellB.even didn't know how to get thereC.didn't decide when to leave and e backD.knew the route very well3.When you travel along the Mekong River maybe you can not see________.A.waterfalls       B.hills and villagesC.plains where rice grows D.desert4.What does the last paragraph tell us?A.They wanted to know how soon they would e back.B.They wanted to learn the world's geography.C.They went to the library to know something about the Mekong River.D.Wang Kun wanted to let Wang Wei know how difficult their trip was.答案:1.C 2.C 3.D 4.CⅢ.Intensive reading to finish the passageEver since middle school,Wang Wei and I have 1.________taking a great bike trip.She 2.________ me to buy an expensive mountain bike,and she soon got our two cousins interested in cycling too.After 3.________from college,we finally got the chance to take the trip.It was my sister who first had the idea to 4.________along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.My sister is a 5.________girl.Although she didn't know the best way,she insisted on 6.________ the trip properly.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.Finally,I had to 7.________ her.Several months before our trip,we went to the 8.________ and found a large atlas with good maps showing 9.________ of world geography.From it we got much more 10.________ about the Mekong River.We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.答案:1.dreamed about 2.persuaded 3.graduating4.cycle 5. stubborn 6.organizing 7.give in to8.library 9.details 10.information[阅读素养提升]Could you use some words or phrases to describe the characteristics of Wang Wei and Wang Kun?Wang Wei:____________________________________________Wang Kun:____________________________________________答案:stubborn,confident,organized,imaginative...;enthusiastic,critical,sensible...[精读难句透析]1.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.分析:此句用了强调结构,即:It was+强调部分+that/who+其他。句中“______________”及“__________________”为where引导的宾语从句,分别作介词from及介词to的宾语,__________________在从句中作地点状语。译文:________________________________________________________________________________________________________答案:where it begins where it ends where译文:首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅行的是我的姐姐。2.When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres,she seemed to be excited about it.分析:此句为主从复合句。____________引导时间状语从句,且在从句中又含有一个__________引导的宾语从句,作动词told的宾语。译文:________________________________________________________________________________________________________答案:when that译文:当我告诉她我们的旅行将从5 000多米的高地出发时,她似乎显得很兴奋。知识聚焦 讲练互动要点直击1.Which kind of transport do you prefer to use,bus or train?你比较喜欢使用哪种交通方式:公共汽车还是火车?归纳拓展prefer(sb)to do sth宁愿/更喜欢(某人)做某事prefer+n./v.-ing+to+n./v.-ing与……相比更喜欢……prefer to do...rather than do...宁愿做……而不愿做……prefer+that从句 宁愿……(1)That is why fish __________ shallow water ________ deep water—because the former is warmer.那就是鱼类为什么喜欢的是浅水而不是深水的原因——前者更温暖些。(2)He ________ give up the chance ________ give in to the bad situation.他宁愿放弃这个机会,也不屈服于恶劣处境。答案:(1)prefer to (2)preferred to rather than名师点津:prefer的易错点(1)prefer意为“更喜欢”,相当于like better/more,所以prefer一般不与比较级连用。(2)prefer的过去式、过去分词为preferred,现在分词为preferring。[熟词生义] He was expected to be preferred to the position of general manager.他有望被提拔为总经理。(prefer.vt.提升;提拔;任命;录用)即学即练用所给词的适当形式填空。(1)My parents prefer me ________(finish)the work by myself.(2)Tom prefers to meet his friends at the station rather than ________ (wait)here.(3)My husband prefers staying at home watching TV to ________ (go) shopping with me.句型转换。(4)I like this book better than that one.→I ________ this book ________ that one.答案:(1)to finish (2)wait (3)going (4)prefer to2.Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one.两年前她买了一辆昂贵的山地自行车,然后她也说服我买了一辆。归纳拓展persuade sb to do sth/into doing sth说服某人做某事persuade sb not to do sth/out of doing sth说服某人不要做某事persuade sb of sth/that...使某人相信……try to persuade sb to do sth试图劝说某人做某事(不一定成功)名师点津:微观persuade与advisepersuade表示说服,强调说服的结果;advise表示“劝说,建议”,对方不一定接受,强调动作。“劝说但不一定有效果”应表达为:advise sb to do sth或try to persuade sb to do sth。(1)The salesman persuaded us to buy his product.那个推销员说服了我们买他的产品。(2)She began to host“Big Bosses”lunches, where she would try to persuade local business leaders to contribute/into contributing to the cause.她开始举行“大老板”午宴,在午宴上她试图劝说当地商业领袖们为这个事业做贡献。(3)Advertisements persuade us that newer is better and that we will be happier with the latest products.广告说服我们,越新的越好,越新越令人满意。(4)We finally persuaded him of the wisdom of this decision.我们最终使他相信这个决定是明智的。即学即练用persuade,advise的适当形式填空。(1)Some of us ________ him to change his mind but no one could ________ him to do so.(2)I did ________ her but didn't ________ her.句型转换。(3)I advised him to go home,but he refused.→I _____________________________ go home,but he refused.单句语法填空。(4)I persuaded him ____________ giving up smoking.答案:(1)advised persuade (2)advise persuade(3)tried to persuade him to (4)into3.After graduating from college,we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.大学毕业后,我们终于有机会进行自行车旅行了。归纳拓展(1)graduate vi.毕业 n.大学毕业生(2)graduate from从……毕业graduate in毕业于……专业(3)graduation n.毕业;毕业典礼(1)After graduating from college,we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.大学毕业后,我们终于有机会进行自行车旅行了。(2)My son hopes to graduate in law so as to bee a lawyer.我的儿子希望在大学攻读法律毕业后成为律师。(3)My daughter is a university graduate working toward her master's degree in English.我女儿是大学毕业生,正在攻读英语硕士学位。即学即练单句语法填空。(1)After his ________(graduate),he became a teacher.(2)Only thirty students graduated ____________ Chinese major last year.(3)He is ________ graduate of Harvard University.答案:(1)graduation (2)in (3)a4.She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。归纳拓展determined adj.坚决的;有决心的be determined to do...决心做……(表示状态)determine vt. 确定;决定;下定决心determine to do...决定……determine on/upon...决定……determine sb to do...使某人下决心做……determination n.决心;决定(1)I __________________ another try,even if I might fail again.即使还有可能失败,我仍决心再试一次。(2)Let's __________ a date for the meeting.让我们确定一下会议的日期。(3)He ____________________ Chinese.他决定学汉语。答案:(1)was determined to have (2)determine(3)determined to learn即学即练用determine的适当形式填空。(1)She is ____________ to study hard from today on.(2)The ________ look on his face showed that he had enough confidence in himself.(3)The government's strong action shows its ________ to control the inflation(通货膨胀).句型转换。(4)I made up my mind to leave at once.→I __________________________ leave at once.答案:(1)determined (2)determined (3)determination (4)determined to5.Of course she hadn't;my sister doesn't care about details当然她没有,我的姐姐不在乎细节。归纳拓展care about 关心;忧虑;惦念;在乎care for 喜欢;照顾;照料;关心take care of 照顾;负责take care 小心;注意with care 小心地;慎重地(1)The young lady doesn't ________ a bit ________ her clothes.这位年轻的女士一点也不在乎穿着。(2)The only thing he seems to __________ is money.他好像只在乎钱。(3)He likes pop;he doesn't ________ classical music.他喜欢流行歌曲,不喜欢古典音乐。答案:(1)care about (2)care about (3)care for即学即练用合适的介词填空。(1)I don't care ________ the price,so long as the journey is fortable.(2)He moved back to his hometown to take care ________ his old mother.(3)The mother cared ________ the sick child day and night.答案:(1)about (2)of (3)for6.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。归纳拓展make up one's mind 下决心;打定主意change one's mind 改变主意read one's mind 看出某人的心思lose one's mind 失去理智bear/keep...in mind 记住注意:make up one's mind 短语中mind 的形式要随one 的单复数变化而变化。(1)Tom is working hard because he has ______________ to pass the exam.汤姆正在用功学习,因为他决心要通过考试。(2)You say you won't smoke any longer,but you'll soon _______.你说你不再吸烟了,可是很快就会变卦的。(3)You'd better bear his words __________.你最好记住他说的话。答案:(1)made up his mind (2)change your mind(3)in (your) mind即学即练单句语法填空。(1)Nothing will change ________ (she) mind if she has make ________ her mind ________(do)that.英译汉。(2)Don't lose your mind when you face difficulties._______________________________________________________答案:(1)her up to do  (2)当面对困难时不要丧失了理智。7.Finally,I had to give in.最后,我只好让步了。归纳拓展give in(to sb/sth)投降;屈服;让步;上交give away 赠送;给予;泄露give back 归还;恢复give off 发出(气味、气体等)give out 散发(声、光、热等);用完,耗尽;分发give up 放弃;戒掉(1)I have to __________________ their demands.我不得不向他们的要求让步。(2)I was persuaded by him.So I had to ________.我被他说服了,所以不得不让步。(3)You ought to __________ smoking.你应该戒烟。(4)He ________ most of his money to charity.他将他大部分的钱捐给了慈善事业。答案:(1)give in to (2)give in (3)give up(4)gave away即学即练用适当的介、副词填空。(1)Finally,the enemies had to give ________ to us.(2)After two days our food gave ________,and we had to return.(3)I know smoking is bad for health,but I simply can't give it ________.(4)Who gave ________ the secret to her?答案:(1)in (2)out (3)up (4)away8.Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us.一路上,一些身着羊毛大衣的孩子停下来看我们。归纳拓展dress v.使穿衣;穿衣服 n.服装;女装dress in 穿着……dress up 盛装;打扮易混辨析dress/put on/wear/have ondress 作不及物动词时指穿衣的动作;作及物动词时宾语是人,表示“给某人穿衣” put on 表示穿的动作 wear 表示穿的状态,除表示穿衣外,还可指佩戴手表、首饰、徽章、花以及留发型、胡须等 have on 表示穿的状态,但不能用于进行时 (1)She ________ always ________ her school uniforms.她总是穿着校服。(2)The girl __________ is my sister.穿红衣服的那个女孩是我姐姐。(3)The woman __________ a black jacket is ________ the boy.穿黑夹克的女人正在给那个男孩穿衣服。(4)Before he left he ________ the overcoat that he once ________ ten years ago.他离开前,穿上了曾在十年前穿过的那件外衣。答案:(1)is dressed in (2)dressed in red (3)wearing dressing (4)put on wore即学即练用dress,put on,wear,have on的适当形式填空。(1)Hurry up and get ____________.(2)He ________ a puzzled look on his face.(3)Hurry up!________ your coat.(4)He ________nothing ________ when the door opened.单句改错。(5)Tom,it's late for school.Get up and get dressing quickly._______________________________________________________答案:(1)dressed (2)wore (3)Put on (4)had  on(5)dressing→dressed9.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us,we were surprised by the view.上山很艰难,但是当我们环顾四周时,(眼前的)景色让我们感到惊奇。归纳拓展view n.风景;视野;观点;见解vt.观看;注视;考虑in one's view/opinion 在某人看来in view of鉴于;考虑到out of view 看不见;在视野之外e into view 进入视野;被看见view...as...把……看作……(1)In my view,things won't change.依我看,事情不会改变。(2)In Asian cultures,persons may view silence as a sign of respect.在亚洲文化里,人们可能把沉默看作一种尊重的表现。易混辨析view/sight/scenery/sceneview 指通过窗户或从高处观赏到的景色 sight 指眼见的景色,如供人游览的“景”或“景色”,尤指人工制成的景,用复数时多指“名胜” scenery 指某一国家或某一地区的整体的自然风景,如高山、森林、溪谷等,不可数 scene 指局部的、一眼可见全貌的风景或景色,不限于自然的风景,也常指(戏剧、电影、小说等的)场景、布景 [形象记忆]即学即练选择上述单词填空。(1)The West Lake is remarkable for its ________.(2)The Great Wall is one of the most breath-taking ________ in the world.(3)There is a lovely ________ from the window.(4)Do you still remember the moving ________ in the play that we saw last month?介词填空。(5)The village will e ________ view at the next turn.(6)________ my view,it was a waste of time and money.答案:(1)scenery (2)sights (3)view (4)scene(5)into (6)In10.We put up our tent and then we eat.我们先搭起帐篷,然后吃饭。归纳拓展put up 建造;搭起(=build);举起,抬起(=raise);挂起;张贴;住宿,留宿put away 把……收起来;存放put down 放下;写下;镇压put up with 忍受,容忍put forward 提出put off 推迟;拖延put in 插入;放进;添上(1)He ________ his hand to catch the teacher's attention.他举起手以引起老师的注意。(2)I ________ my experiences in order to remember them.我写下自己的经历以便于记住它们。答案:(1)put up (2)put down即学即练用put的相关短语填空。(1)The meeting has been ________ because of the weather.(2)They have ________ signs in some places to remind the visitors not to step on the grass.(3)He ________ a new plan to finish the job.(4)At the last moment Tom decided to __________ a new character to make the story seem more likely.答案:(1)put off (2)put up (3)put forward(4)put in11.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。[句式分析](1)once引导时间状语从句,意为“一旦……就……”。once引导的从句的时态是一般现在时或现在完成时,主句通常要用将来时,也可含有情态动词。①Once you form a bad habit,it's very difficult to get rid of it.一旦你养成坏习惯,就很难去除它。②Once you show any fear,he will attack you.一旦你表现出恐惧,他就会攻击你。(2)once作副词,意为“从前;曾经”。He once knew her,but they are no longer friends.他曾经认识她,但他们不再是朋友了。(3)once还有“一次”之意,表示“一次”不可用one time。He es back home once a week.他一周回家一次。即学即练单句语法填空。(1)________you begin,you must continue.(2)The green belt,once(it is) ________(finish),will greatly improve the local environment.(3)He once ________(live) in the countryside,but he lives in the city now.答案:(1)Once  (2)finished (3)lived12.Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places,she insisted that she organize the trip properly.尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅行安排得尽善尽美。[句式分析]在“insist+that...”结构中,当insist作“坚持主张,坚决要求”讲时,其后的宾语从句用虚拟语气,即从句谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。当insist作“坚持说,坚持认为”讲时,其后的宾语从句用陈述语气。insist on/upon(doing)sth 坚决要求(做)某事(1)I ___________________ immediate action to put things right.我坚决要求你立刻采取行动把事情处理好。(2)They __________ he ____________ present at the ceremony.他们坚持要他出席这次仪式。答案:(1)insist on your taking(2)insisted that (should) be即学即练用所给词的适当形式填空。(1)I wanted to walk to the station,but he insisted on ________(drive)me there.(2)Mary insisted that she ________(be)right but her mother insisted that she ____________(say)sorry to Annie.答案:(1)driving (2)was (should)say13.When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience.当我告诉她空气将难以呼吸而且会很冷时,她说这将是一次有趣的体验。[句式分析]the air would be hard to breathe 是“主语+be+adj.+动词不定式”结构,在这一结构中,用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义。在此句型中,动词不定式用主动形式,如果动词不定式中的动词是不及物动词,则要加上适当的介词,与前面的名词构成介宾关系。(1)The problem is really hard to work out.这问题很难算出来。(2)My boss is easy to get along with.我的上司很容易相处。(3)The article is too long to understand.文章太长看不懂。即学即练单句改错。(1)This sentence is not easy to explain it._______________________________________________________(2)The moon is too far away of us to reach._______________________________________________________答案:(1)去掉it (2)of→for14.We can hardly wait to see them!我们迫不及待地想要见到他们![句式分析]can't wait/can hardly wait to do sth“迫不及待要做某事”。(1)I can hardly wait to see that movie.我迫不及待地想看那部电影。(2)I can't wait to meet my old classmates.我急切地想见到我的老同学。归纳拓展can hardly/can't wait for sth 迫不及待地想得到某物(3)I can hardly wait for your answer.我迫不及待地想知道你的答复。(4)The children can't wait for the arrival of Children'sDay.孩子们迫不及待地等着儿童节的到来。即学即练完成句子。(1)He can't __________________ to see his sick father.他迫不及待地想回家看望生病的父亲。(2)They can ______________________ that famous singer.他们迫不及待地想见到那位著名的歌星。(3)She can't __________ the admission into university.她太急于上大学了。答案:(1)wait to go home (2)hardly wait to see(3)wait for应用落实Ⅰ.单句拼写1.They____________(更喜欢)to___________(运输) their goods by ship rather than by train.2.The plan has many____________(不利因素)and the adviser has tried to____________(说服)them not to carry it out.3.The________(大学毕业生)is preparing for a job interview,which is____________(为某事安排时间)for Wednesday of this week.4.To help those in need,the organization has________(决定)to____________(组织)an activity to raise money.5.With a________(坚决的)________(态度),he reached the top of the mountain____________(终于) even if he was very tired.6.In order to____________(烧水)the water,he made the firewood burst into____________(火焰)and it kept on burning.7.If the weather________(预报)is________(可靠的),we will be able to go out for an outing tomorrow.8.We stand on the highest floor and____________(在……的下面)the roof of the building,and we can get a good____________(风景)of the whole city.答案:1.prefer transport 2.disadvantages persuade3.graduate scheduled 4.determined organize5.determined attitude finally 6.boil flames7.forecast reliable 8.beneath viewⅡ.单句语法填空在句中空白处填上适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。1.He prefers staying indoors to ________(go)out this afternoon.2.Mr Green has never smoked any more since his wife persuaded him ________(give)it up.3.Mr Wang,________(determine)to experience different cultures,set off for Africa last week.4.On the top of this mountain,you can get ________ wonderful view of the nearby hills.5.After the earthquake,the injured were cared ________ in the local hospitals or taken by air to the hospitals in the neighbouring cities.6.If we give in ________him,he will only make further demands.7.The man insisted on ________(find)a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby.8.You will be successful in the interview ________you have confidence.9.My headache ________(kill)me.I thought it was going away,but now it's getting worse and worse.10.The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more fortable________(hold).答案:1.going 2.to give 3.determined 4.a 5.for6.to 7.finding 8.once 9.is killing 10.to holdⅢ.选词填空(注意形式的变化)ever since;give in;be fond of;care about;as usual;have fun;put up;be familiar to;dream of;persuade sb to do1.This city ________ me,because this is the first time I have been here.2.We are all busy.Some __________the tents;others are making a fire.3.I tried to ________ give up the foolish idea,but he wouldn't listen to me.4.One can't work all the time,surely;one has to ________.5.Finally he got the job he ______________________________.6.Do you think the president will ________ to the terrorists' demands?7.He hasn't turned up ________ I asked him for the money he owed me.8.Tom as well as his parents ________ football,which is their favourite.9.I really________ the students in my class.10.He came late ________.In other words,he was late often.答案:1.is not familiar to  2.are putting up 3.persuade him to 4.have fun 5.had dreamt of 6.give in 7.ever since 8.is fond of 9.care about 10.as usual语言运用Ⅰ.浏览课文(P22),判断正(T)误(F)1.When they arrived in Tibet,it was winter then.(  )2.Wang Wei was behind me as usual.(  )3.When we reached a valley,it became warmer.(  )4.After supper,we started to make camp.(  )5.Wang Kun went to sleep and Wang Wei stayed awake.(  )6.There was almost no wind that night.(  )答案:1.F 2.F 3.T 4.F 5.F 6.TⅡ.精读课文(P22),补全下列句子In the early evening→We made camp.After supper→Wang Wei __________ to sleep,but I stayed awake.At midnight→The sky was ________.→The stars were __________.→There was only the sound of________.答案:went clearer brighter fire语法突破 触类旁通语法精讲现在进行时1.现在进行时表示说话时正在进行的尚未完成的动作或状态。①What are you doing now,Bob?鲍勃,你在干什么?②Look!What are they watching?看,他们正在看什么?2.现在进行时表示目前这段时间正在进行的动作。现在进行时可表示目前这段时间正在进行,但此时此刻未必正在进行的动作。George is working on a new book about stories in schools.乔治正在写一本关于校园故事的新书。3.现在进行时与always,constantly,all the time等副词(短语)连用时,可表示反复性、一贯性动作,常用来表示赞扬、生气、不满、厌恶等感情色彩。①He is always asking for money.他老是要钱。②She is constantly changing her mind.她总是改变主意。4.现在进行时表示即将发生的动作的用法。(1)动词e,go,arrive,leave,start,begin,return等的现在进行时可以表示将来的动作,常有“意图”“安排”或“打算”的含义。这种用法比较生动,给人一种期待感。它常表示最近或较近的将来会发生的动作。①They are ing here this afternoon.他们今天下午来这儿。②When are you starting?你们什么时候动身?(2)除上述动词外,还有一些动词也可用现在进行时表示将来。①What are you doing next Sunday?下星期天你打算干什么?②My mother is buying me a bike soon.我妈妈不久将给我买一辆自行车。③I'm meeting you after class.下课后我要见你。(3)偶尔也表示较远的将来。When I grow up,I'm joining the army.我长大了要参军。(4)现在进行时也可用在时间、条件或原因状语从句中表示将来。If they are not going,I won't go,either.如果他们不去,我也不去。[拓展] 其他几种表示将来的结构:①will/shall do 表达单纯将来,可用于说话时才想到或决定的事。Tomorrow will be Sunday.明天就是星期天了。②be going to do 用来表示近期或事先考虑要发生的事情以及有迹象表明将要发生的事。The storm seems to be ing quickly.看起来暴风雨很快就要来了。③be to do 表示预定、按计划或安排将要发生的动作。They are to get married next month.他们下个月就要结婚了。④be about to do 意为“刚要,正要”,表示非常近的将来。be about to do不能和表示将来时间的副词连用。She was about to leave when some guests came.她刚要离开,这时来了一些客人。⑤一般现在时也可以表示将来。通常用于状语从句中或按规定(时刻表、计划表、日程表等)将要发生的动作。The next plane leaves at 6:00 pm.下一次航班晚上6点起飞。温馨提示:其中有一些动词一般不用于进行时。(1)表示人的心理状态、情感的动词want,mind,wish,recognize,know,understand,hate,fear等。(2)表示存在或位置的词:remain,stand等。(3)表示知觉的动词:see,hear,notice,smell等。(4)表示所属的词:have,possess,own,consist of等。(5)暂时性的动词:accept,allow,decide,promise等。语法冲关Ⅰ.用所给的词的正确形式填空1.The plane______________(take) off at 10:10.That is,it____________(leave) in ten minutes.2.As soon as he____________(e) back,I will tell you.3.The students in Grade One took eight subjects this term.They____________(take) six subjects next term.4.—You are wanted on the phone,Ann!—OK,I____________(e).5.Usually the new term____________(start) on August 29th.6.Tom,Mr White____________(leave).Will you please show him out?7.—Did you tell Julia about the result?—Oh,no,I forgot.I____________(call) her now.8.You are____________(hand) in your positions after class.9.“The moment____________(e) soon,” he thought to himself,waiting nervously.10.Because the shop____________(close) down,everything is sold at half price.答案:1.takes is leaving 2.es 3.are taking 4.am ing 5.starts 6.is leaving 7.will call 8.to hand 9.is ing 10.is closingⅡ.单句改错每句中有1处错误,找出并改正。1.The train is arrived in 10 minutes._______________________________________________________2.He is leaving to there._______________________________________________________3.He would e back next month._______________________________________________________4.The meeting is take place next week._______________________________________________________5.She was about to begin while the door opened._______________________________________________________答案:1.arrived→arriving 2.去掉to 3.would→will4.is后加to 5.while→whenⅢ.语法填空阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。I enjoy watching children in the school.Now I 1.________(stand) by the window of my office.I notice that two young girls 2.________(walk) along the path 3.________ the garden.I guess that they 4.________(talk) about their stories which happened between them and their parents.A little boy 5.________(sit) on the grass thinking about something.What is he thinking about?Maybe he 6.________(form) a story which he would like to tell his classmates in the next class.Maybe he is planning what he is going to do 7.________ his best friend after school!And 8.________are the children over there laughing at?Are they laughing at their English teacher or the funny look of a new girl who has just joined them?Anyway,9.________is fun watching them.When I am watching them,I know that I am reading their hearts.That is the 10.________ side of their world.答案:1.am standing 2.are walking 3.in 4.are talking5.is sitting 6.is forming 7.with 8.what 9.it 10.other规范写作 技法指导方法技巧电子邮件电子邮件(electronic mail,常缩写为E-mail,e-mail或email)指通过互联网传递的邮件,即用户之间通过互联网发出或收到的信息,是目前互联网上应用最广泛的一种服务。一、注意事项1.地址:在“地址”栏中写收件人的邮箱地址。2.主题:在“主题”栏中输入所要发出的e-mail主题。该主题将显示在收件人收信箱的主题区。主题的内容应简明扼要地概括邮件的内容,短的可以是一个单词,如Greetings,长的可以是一个短语或完整的句子。3.正文:e-mail实质上是书信的一种,一般使用非正式的文体。在同辈的亲朋好友或同学间可以直呼其名,但对长辈或上级最好使用头衔并加上姓,如:Chairman Smith。e-mail文体的另外一个特点是简单明了、便于阅读,太长的内容可以以附件的方式发出。一个段落大多由一到三个句子组成。结尾客套话通常也很简明,常常只需一个词,如:Thanks,Cheers,不需要用一般信函中的Sincerely yours或Best wishes等。二、常用句式1.开头语。(1)Thank you for your letter of May 5th.感谢你5月5日的来信。(2)I am much pleased to inform you that I got the first place in the English petition.很高兴告诉你,我在英语竞赛中取得了第一名。(3)Your kind letter of Nov 22nd arrived this morning.今早收到了你11月22日的来信。(4)Thank you for your letter dated Dec 22nd.感谢你12月22日的来信。(5)How are you getting along with your study?你的学习怎么样?2.正文常用语。(1)Could you e to visit our school?你能来参观我们学校吗?(2)I would very much like you to join us.我真想你能加入我们。(3)I'd love to e,but I can't because I have much work to do.我很想来,但我有很多工作要做。(4)In my opinion,you should study hard.我认为你应该努力学习。3.结尾语。(1)I'm looking forward to receiving your reply.期盼你的回信。(2)All my best wishes to you.给你最好的祝愿。(3)Good luck to you.祝你好运。精品展示假如你是李华,你的朋友Tom 5月22日来信询问你毕业前的一次旅游经历。请你根据下面提示给他回一封100词左右的电子邮件。1.由学生会组织,日期定在上个周末。2.一部分人愿意乘公交车;另一部分人喜欢步行;最后大家被说服骑自行车。3.美丽的风景让人难以忘怀:山谷中蝴蝶飞舞,鲜花遍地盛开,空气呼吸起来让人感到舒服,同学们迫不及待地融入大自然中。4.感受:尽管爬山很累,但是正是这次旅游增进了同学们的友谊,提高了我们关心自然环境的意识。5.打算:毕业后去看望Tom。【谋篇】体裁 电子邮件 话题 旅游 时态 一般过去时 人称 第一人称 结构 首段:介绍本次旅游的组织及交通方式。中段:大自然的魅力给我们的感受。尾段:本次旅游使我们受益匪浅 【遣词】1.由……组织____________________2.安排在……____________________3.更喜欢做……____________________4.喜欢……____________________5.被说服做……____________________6.迫不及待做……____________________7.提高对……的意识____________________8.关心____________________答案:1.be organized by 2.be scheduled for 3.prefer to do... 4.be fond of 5.be persuaded to do... 6. cant/couldnt wait to do... 7.raise ones awareness to...8.care about【造句】1.基础句式。(1)这次旅游由学生会组织。The trip____________________ our Students' Union.(2)旅行日期定在上个周末。The trip____________________ last weekend.(3)我们中一部分人愿意乘公交车。Some of us____________________ take a bus.(4)另一部分人喜欢步行。Others____________________ walking.(5)最后我们被说服骑自行车.Finally,we____________________ cycle.(6)那儿的空气呼吸起来让人感到舒服。The air there____________________.(7)我们迫不及待地融入大自然中。We____________________ walk into nature.(8)旅游增进了我们的友谊,提高了我们关心自然环境的意识。(用强调句式强调the trip)______________________________________________________________________________________________________________答案:(1)was organized by (2)was scheduled for(3)preferred to (4)were fond of  (5)were persuaded to (6)was pleasant to breathe (7)couldn't wait to (8)It was the trip that improved our friendship and raised our awareness to care about the environment.2.句式升级。(9)用非谓语作状语连接(1)、(2)句。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________(10)用while,and连接(3)、(4)、(5)句。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________答案:(9)Organized by our Students' Union,the trip was scheduled for last weekend. (10)Some of us preferred to take a bus while others were fond of walking,and finally we were persuaded to cycle.【成篇】Dear Tom,How happy I am to receive your letter of May 22.Now I will tell you something about the trip.Organized by our Students' Union,the trip was scheduled for last weekend.Some of us preferred to take a bus while others were fond of walking,and finally we were persuaded to cycle.When we got there, we were greatly impressed by its beautiful view.All kinds of butterflies were flying freely in the valley, the entire mountain was covered with beautiful flowers, and the air there was pleasant to breathe; as a result,we couldnt wait to walk into nature.Though we were tired, it was the trip that improved our friendship and raised our awareness to care about the environment.By the way,I am going to visit you after I graduate.Best wishes,Yours,Li Hua作文仿写假设你是某中学高一学生李华。最近,你初中时的外教Emily发来邮件,询问你进入高一以后的学习和生活情况。请根据以下要点给Emily回一封邮件。1.学习情况,尤其是英语学习方面。2.生活、身体状况。3.期待对方的帮助。注意:1.词数100左右。2.开头及结尾已给出,不计入总词数。Dear Emily,I am really grateful for your concern about me.___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Looking forward to your reply.Yours,Li Hua答案:Dear__Emily,I__am__really__grateful__for__your__concern__about__me.Now I'd like to share with you about my situation.We have been busier since I came to this new school.Every day,I not only have much homework to do,but also we have to deal with many examinations.Happily,I am getting on well with my study and have made progress in all subjects,especially in English.Last time,I was praised for my wonderful English writing.However,I feel a little stressed now,because I still have difficulty in catching up with the top students in my class.Although I often play sports to get myself relaxed,I am not quite energetic.Now I am even not so confident in achieving my dream of going to a key university in three years.Would you give me some advice?Looking__forward__to__your__reply.Yours,Li__Hua课后演练 强基提能A级 基础过关Ⅰ.单句语法填空在句中空白处填上适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。1.She put______ a notice about the trip to Italy.2.The man had to give in________ his wife.3.The morning air is so good ________(breath).4.I'm________(determine)to change the job I'm doing now.5.I finally persuaded him________(buy)the bike for me.6.After all,all kids prefer________(praise)rather than be scolded(斥责).7.We can hardly wait________(see)you again.8.No matter________ you do,do it well,please.9.________ he has made up his mind,nothing can change him.10.The man________(dress)in red is my brother.答案:1.up 2.to 3.to breathe 4.determined5.to buy/into buying 6.to be praised 7.to see8.what 9.Once 10.dressedⅡ.选词填空(注意形式的变化)make up one's mind;give in;be fond of;change one's mind;care about;be dressed in;put up;stay awake;change...for;can't wait for1.I'm thinking of________my car________a bigger one.2.She________ white and looks like a nurse.3.He drank a cup of coffee before bedtime,so he________ all night.4.If you have any questions to ask,please________your hand.5.The children________________Christmas to e.6.At first he said he would go there with us on Sunday,but at last he______________.7.He is a determined person and never________ to any difficulty.8.She________________ inviting others to her home to dinner.9.He________________ nobody but himself.10.If you______________to work hard at your lessons,you are to succeed.答案:1.changing for 2.is dressed in 3.stayed awake 4.put up 5.can't wait for 6.changed his mind 7.gives in 8.is fond of 9.cares about 10.make up your mindⅢ.完成句子1.We insisted that father____________________for the good of his own health.我们坚决要求父亲为他个人的健康而戒烟。2.English is________________________ well in a short time.英语难以在短时间内学好。3.Maths is easy to learn____________________.一旦你理解了规则,数学就不难学了。4.________________________ you may say,I won't believe you.不管你说什么,我都不会相信你。5.We____________________ when we were asked to practise singing.(about)我们正要动身回家,就在那时被叫去练歌。答案:1.give up smoking 2.difficult to learn 3.once you understand the rules 4.No matter what 5.were about to go homeB级 能力提升Ⅰ.阅读理解阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Travelling to Europe to see its famous monuments like the Eiffel Tower in Paris and the Colosseum(古罗马竞技场)in Rome,is not exactly the ideal vacation for kids.Fortunately,Europe has more to offer than lots of old churches and ancient history.You can enjoy some fun in the sun at some of the famous beaches of the continent.Mykonos,GreeceThe closer you get to the equator,the longer the beach season and Greece is wonderful for that.You can enjoy beautiful green water,public chairs and lovely umbrellas at the beaches in Mykonos.Dubrovnik,CroatiaThere's nothing more attractive than the beautiful beaches bordering Dubrovnik,Croatia's most beautiful city.It's surrounded by stone walls like a castle.It almost makes you feel like you're suntanning(晒黑皮肤)at Hogwarts, where the hero Harry Potter of the story is trained!Sicily,ItalyRabbit beach on the island of Sicily offers hallow,crystal clear waters making it a perfect beach for families with young children.And if you want to add interest to your experience,try snorkeling(使用水下呼吸管潜游)!Nice,FranceLined with palm trees and first-class hotels,the city of Nice,located on the French Riviera,offers a whole coastline of Mediterranean beaches.Because they're in the heart of the city,these beaches attract a large crowd.So if you're looking for something more private,you'll have to travel a few miles outside of the city centre.Ribadeo,SpainAt low tide,Playa de Las Catedrales in Ribadeo,Spain is the perfect beach to take in the natural wonders without urban amusements like restaurants,bars or huge crowds.It boasts beautiful wild flowers and unique rock formations making it truly picture worthy.【语篇理解】 本文介绍了欧洲几个著名的旅游胜地。1.Dubrovnik is special in that________.A.it is surrounded by stone wallsB.it has the longest coastlineC.it has the longest beach seasonD.it is the training centre of Harry Potter解析:细节理解题。根据Dubrovnik,Croatia中的“It's surrounded by stone walls like a castle.”可知A正确。答案:A2.If you plan to go to a beach which is in the city,you should go to________.A.Mykonos    B.SicilyC.Nice D.Ribadeo解析:细节理解题。根据Nice,France中的“coastline of Mediterranean beaches.Because they're in the heart of the city...”可知C为正确选项。答案:C3.Which of the following is TRUE about Ribadeo?A.It offers visitors first-class hotels.B.It has restaurants,bars and huge crowds.C.Visitors can try snorkeling there.D.Visitors can enjoy unique rock formations there.解析:细节理解题。根据Ribadeo,Spain中的“unique rock formations”可知D为正确选项。答案:D4.All the beaches mentioned in the passage________.A.have beautiful wild flowersB.are famous European beachesC.are world-known for their green waterD.provide visitors with urban amusements解析:细节理解题。根据文章第一段“You can enjoy some fun in the sun at some of the famous beaches of the continent”可知B正确。答案:BⅡ.七选五根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Does failure really exist?If you believe you have failed,then you have.If you believe you don't have the ability to succeed,then you don't.__1__!The moment you decide to give up or stop working toward your goal,failure is born.__2__Most people give themselves an out without even realizing it.They are willing to work hard on reaching their goals,but only until the going gets too rough or their energy dies down.Don't do that!__3__!Never quit,never admit failure,and never lose heart.Don't believe in a clear finish line for goals.It's a good idea to set a general timeline(时间表),but remember that something will be beyond your control.__4__.If you lock yourself into a given timeline,you might make yourself feel like a failure!Instead,get a general idea of when you'd like your goal to be pleted.Then take it one day at a time and focus on making progress instead of reaching the finish line in as little time as possible.Be sure that you don't see difficulties as failures.Difficulties mean only one thing:it's not time for your goal to be pleted yet.That's it!It doesn't mean you failed;it doesn't mean you're weak;it doesn't mean you'll never achieve your goal.__5__.You've got to keep moving forward and find a way over,around,or through the difficulties.A.Never give up on yourselfB.Failure only exists in your own mindC.That's exactly how failure makes us feelD.It simply means you have not done enough yetE.You can never say exactly when your goal will be reachedF.Make up your mind to make your goal happen,no matter whatG.Work hard towards your goal,and you will be likely to get good results答案:1.B 2.A 3.F 4.E 5.DⅢ.完形填空阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。I was late for the school bus and rushing to get ready.My dog, Tippy,got to the front door and lay down in front of it—his way of asking to be petted.I __1__ his begging for care,and ran for the waiting bus.__2__,that afternoon,when I came home,mum said to me__3__,“Honey,I have some__4__news that I need to tell you.This morning,while you were at school,Tippy was hit by a car and got__5__.I'm so sorry.”“No!It's not true!”I was __6__.I couldn't believe her.“Tippy,e here!e on,boy!”I called and called for him.I waited.He didn't e.Feeling__7__I wandered into the living room.I didn't cry that night.I still couldn't believe that he was __8__.When I got off the bus the next day,there was dead silence at home for a long time.__9__,my sobs (哭泣)erupted(喷发)like lava(熔岩)from a volcano. I couldn't stop__10__.I hadn't even petted him when I left.How could I have known that was my last __11__? I cried until I felt empty inside.As time passed,I started to__12__some things.I realized what little control any of us have over what __13__ a dog.We can do everything right, but__14__things can still happen.But good things can happen too.That's__15__.The best way to __16__ the hard times is to figure out what you need to do to get through them when they e,and to remember that hard times always__17__.I now deeply understand the“circle of life”.Everyone is born,everyone __18__,and that's the way it is.If dogs never died,there would be no__19__ of others like Belle—my new dog.Best of all,I realized that Tippy__20__ all of my old memories of him.And they e to me every time I recall!【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。作者的狗死了,他很伤心,但是意识到“生命的轮回”,生死是很自然的事情。好的一点是,他给作者带来了美好的回忆。1.A.met      B.ignoredC.promised D.preferred解析:由后文可知,“我”没有理睬他的乞求宠爱,跑向等着的公交车。ignore“忽视,不理睬”。答案:B2.A.However B.BesidesC.Therefore D.Finally解析:此处和第一段表示转折关系。however“然而”。答案:A3.A.excitedly B.quietlyC.coldly D.seriously解析:根据下文可知狗死了,妈妈应是严肃地(seriously)说。答案:D4.A.good B.sadC.wrong D.happy解析:由后文的“sorry”可知,这是令人伤心的消息。答案:B5.A.escaped B.woundedC.killed D.knocked解析:句意:今天早晨当你在学校的时候,蒂皮被车撞死了。从倒数第二段中的“died”可知。答案:C6.A.in joy B.in angerC.in silence D.in shock解析:由“I couldn't believe her”可知“我”我惊呆了。in shock“震惊地”。答案:D7.A.upset B.sleepyC.spellbound D.uncertain解析:自己所宠爱的动物死亡,自然是伤心欲绝。答案:A8.A.gone B.lostC.hidden D.stolen解析:句意:我不相信他死了。be gone“走了,死了”;be lost“丢失,迷路”;be hidden“被藏起来”;be stolen“被偷了”。答案:A9.A.Entirely B.ActuallyC.Finally D.Frequently解析:句意:最后,我大哭起来,像火山爆发了熔岩一样。entirely“完全地”;actually“实际上”;finally“最后地”;frequently“频繁地”。答案:C10.A.waiting B.cryingC.thinking D.expecting解析:根据上句的“sobs”可知,“我”哭得不能自已。答案:B11.A.view B.forecastC.insurance D.chance解析:句意:“我”怎么能想到那是“我”最后的机会呢?答案:D12.A.forget B.recallC.understand D.change解析:由下文的“realized”可知选understand“理解”。句意:随着时间的流逝,我开始理解一些事情。答案:C13.A.happens to B.happens aboutC.happens out D.happens into解析:happen to意为“发生于”。答案:A14.A.surprising B.badC.amazing D.amusing解析:句意:我们可以做任何正确的事情,但是不好的事情依然会发生。从下句中的“good”可知。答案:B15.A.nature B.humanC.life D.rule解析:句意:那就是生活。从下文中的叙述可推知。答案:C16.A.deal with B.add toC.set down D.e up解析:从下文的“what you need to do”可知,用deal with。句意:最好的应对困难的方法就是弄明白当困难降临的时候你需要做什么来克服它们,并且记住困难最终是会过去的。答案:A17.A.appear B.overeC.help D.pass解析:句意:困难最终是会过去的。appear“似乎”;overe“克服”;help“帮助”;pass“过去”。答案:D18.A.grows B.livesC.suffers D.dies解析:句意:人都有生死。前面提到了“is born”,故此处是dies。答案:D19.A.way B.roomC.problem D.doubt解析:句意:如果狗不死,就不会出现像贝尔(我的新宠物狗)这样的狗生存的空间了。答案:B20.A.fell behind B.brought upC.left behind D.picked up解析:句意:最后,“我”意识到蒂皮给“我”留下了回忆。leave behind“留下,遗留”。答案:C单元质量评估(三)(时间:100分钟 满分:120分)第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。AIf you are planning on travelling,there are a few simple rules about how to make life easier both before and after your journey.First of all,always check and double check departure(出发) time.It is surprising how few people really do this carefully.Once I arrived at the airport a few minutes after ten.My secretary had got the ticket for me and I thought she had said that the plane left at 10:50.When I arrived at the airport,the person at the departure desk told me that my flight was closed.Therefore,I had to wait three hours for the next one and missed an important meeting.The second rule is to remember that even in this age of credit cards (信用卡),it is still important to have some local money in cash (现金).Once I arrived at a place at midnight and the bank at the airport was closed.The only way to get to my hotel was by taxi but because I had no dollars,I offered to pay in pounds instead.“Listen! I only take real money!” the driver said angrily.You can imagine how terrible I felt at that moment.The third and the last rule is to find out as much as you can about the weather at your destination before you leave.I feel sorry for some of my workmates who travel in heavy suits and raincoats in May,when it is still fairly cool in London or Manchester,to places like Athens,Rome or Madrid,where it is already beginning to get quite warm during the day.【语篇解读】 本文为说明文,主要介绍了如何做好旅行的准备工作。1.Where is the writer most probably from?A.Britain.     B.The USA.C.Italy. D.Greece.解析:推理判断题。根据最后一段的“when it is still fairly cool in London or Manchester”可知A为正确选项。答案:A2.When the writer found he had no dollars to pay the taxi driver,he________.A.asked the driver to give him a free rideB.offered to pay in poundsC.gave the driver some fake (假的) moneyD.tried to pay by credit card解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的“offered to pay in pounds”可知答案。答案:B3.Generally,in May the weather in London is________.A.warm and dry B.cold and dryC.hot and wet D.cool and rainy解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段的“heavy suits and raincoats”“fairly cool”可知D为正确选项。答案:D4.The writer mainly tells us________.A.how to make life easierB.how to be well prepared for a tripC.how to enjoy ourselves on the tripD.how to schedule our trip解析:主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了如何为旅行做好准备。答案:BBIt was a village in India.The people were poor.However,they were not unhappy.After all,their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries.Then one day,some visitors from the city arrived.They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog's legs.However,they did not have enough frogs of their own,and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places.This seemed like money for nothing.There were millions of frogs in the fields around,and they were no use to the villagers.All they had to do was to catch them.Agreement was reached,and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs.Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money.For the first time,the people were able to dream of a better future.But the dream didn't last long.The change was hardly noticed at first,but it seemed as if the crops were not doing so well.More worrying was that the children fell ill more often,and,there seemed to be more insects around lately.The villagers decided that they couldn't just wait to see the crops failing and the children getting weak.They would have to use the money earned to buy pesticides (杀虫剂)and medicines.Soon there was no money left.Then the people realized what was happening.It was the frog.They hadn't been useless.They had been doing an important job—eating insects.Now with so many frogs killed,the insects were increasing more rapidly.They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases.Now,the people are still poor.But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to sounds of insects and frogs.These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning.【语篇解读】 印度有个村庄,那里的人们虽然很穷,但活得很开心。但是自从他们把田里所有的青蛙都捉了卖钱后,生活变得不再平静。5.From Paragraph 1 we learn that the villagers________.A.worked very hard for centuriesB.dreamed of having a better lifeC.were poor but somewhat contentD.lived a different life from their forefathers解析:细节理解题。由第一段中的“The people were poor.However,they were not unhappy.”可知,他们虽清贫但还算幸福。A项原文未提及;B项是后文所述之事;D项与第一段中的信息恰恰相反。答案:C6.Why did the villagers agree to sell frogs?A.The frogs were easy money.B.They needed money to buy medicine.C.They wanted to please the visitors.D.The frogs made too much noise.解析:细节理解题。由第三段首句“This seemed like money for nothing.”及后面的叙述可知,村民们认为对他们无用的青蛙是能让他们快速发财致富的东西,故选A。答案:A7.What might be the cause of the children's sickness?A.The crops didn't do well.B.There were too many insects.C.The visitors brought in diseases.D.The pesticides were overused.解析:细节理解题。由倒数第二段最后一句“They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases.”可知,由于害虫增加,导致农作物损失,疾病蔓延,从而引起儿童患病,体质虚弱。答案:B8.What can we infer from the last sentence of the text?A.Happiness es from peaceful life in the country.B.Health is more important than money.C.The harmony between man and nature is important.D.Good old days will never be forgotten.解析:推理判断题。最后一段提到:村民现在仍贫穷,但在落日的黄昏,聚坐广场,聆听夜晚的昆虫叫与蛙鸣声——这些声音赋予人们更深刻的含义,那就是:人与自然的和谐相处。答案:CCTokyo is one of those places that you can love and hate at the same time.In Tokyo there are always too many people in the places where I want to be.Of course there are too many cars.The Japanese drive very fast when they can.But in Tokyo they often spend a long time in traffic jams.Tokyo is not different when one wants to walk.At certain times of the day there are a lot of people on foot in London's Oxford Street.But the streets near Ginza in Tokyo always have a lot of people on foot,and sometimes it is really difficult to walk.People are very polite;there are just too many of them.The worst time to be in the street is at 11:30 at night.That is when the night-clubs are closing and everybody wants to go home.There are 35,000 night-clubs in Tokyo,and you do not often see one that is empty.Most people travel to and from work by train.Tokyo people buy six million train tickets every day.At most stations,trains arrive every two or three minutes,but at certain hours there do not seem to be enough trains.Although they are usually crowded,Japanese trains are very good.They always leave and arrive on time.On a London train you would see everybody reading a newspaper.In Tokyo trains everybody in a seat seems to be asleep,whether his journey is long or short.In Tokyo,I stood outside the station for five minutes.Three fire engines raced past on the way to one of the many fires that Tokyo has every day.Tokyo has so many surprises that none of them can really surprise me now.Instead I am surprised at myself:I must go there next year on business.I know I hate the overcrowded city.But I feel like a man who is returning to his long-lost love.【语篇解读】 本文认为东京是一个你既喜欢又讨厌的地方,并且列举了几点理由。9.Tokyo is different from London in that________.A.it has a smaller populationB.it is an international cityC.it is more difficult to go somewhere on foot in TokyoD.its people are friendlier and more polite解析:细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Tokyo is not different when one wants to walk.”及第三段中的“At certain times...a lot of people on foot in London's Oxford Street.But the streets near Ginza in Tokyo...is really difficult to walk.”可知,与伦敦相比,东京的街道更拥挤,行人走路都很费劲。故C项正确。答案:C10.What time does the writer think is the worst time to go into the street?A.When the night-clubs are closing.B.At 8 o'clock in the morning.C.When the train is overcrowded.D.At 11:30 am.解析:细节理解题。根据第四段中的