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doc 八年级(上) Units 7—8单元重点回顾类别 课标考点要求 重点单词 1.paper(n.)纸;纸张2.pollution(n.)污染;污染物★3.future(n.)将来;未来4.environment(n.)环境★5.planet(n.)行星6.earth(n.)地球;世界7.plant(v.)种植(n.)植物8.part(n.)部分9.peace(n.)和平★10.sea(n.)海;海洋11.build(v.)建筑;建造12.sky(n.)天空13.apartment(n.)公寓套房14.space(n.)太空;空间15.human(adj.)人的;(n.)人16.dangerous(adj.)有危险的;不安全的★17.already(adv.)已经;早已18.factory(n.)工厂19.Japan日本20.believe(v.)相信;认为有可能21.disagree(v.)不同意;持不同意见;有分歧★ 22.even(adv.)甚至;连;愈加23.shape(n.)形状;外形24.fall(v.& n.)倒塌;跌倒;掉落(n.)(美式)秋天★25.inside(adv.& prep.)在……里面26.possible(adj.)可能存在或发生的;可能的★27.impossible(adj.)不可能存在或发生的;不可能的★28.side(n.)一方(的意见、态度、立场)29.probably(adv.)很可能;大概★30.during(prep.)在……期间31.holiday(n.)假期;假日32.word (n.)单词;词33.shake(n.& v.)摇动;抖动34.pour(v.)倒出;倾倒35.yogurt(n.)酸奶36.honey(n.)蜂蜜37.watermelon(n.)西瓜38.spoon(n.)勺;调羹39.add(v.)增加;添加40.finally(adv.)最后;最终★ 41.salt(n.)食盐42.sugar(n.)食糖43.cheese(n.)干酪;奶酪44.corn(n.)玉米;谷物45.machine(n.)机器;机械装置46.dig(v.)掘(地);凿(洞);挖(土)47.hole(n.)洞;孔;坑48.sandwich(n.)夹心面包片;三明治49.butter(n.)黄油;奶油50.piece(n.)片;块;段51.traditional(adj.)传统的;惯例的★52.autumn(n.)秋天;秋季53.traveler(n.)漂泊者;旅行者;游客★54.England英格兰55.celebrate(v.)庆祝;庆贺56.mix(n.)混合配料(v.)(使)混合;融合57.pepper(n.)胡椒粉;柿子椒58.fill(v.)(使)充满;装满★59.plate(n.)盘子;碟子60.cover(v.)遮盖;覆盖 (n.)覆盖物;盖子61.serve(v.)接待;服务;提供★62.temperature(n.)温度;气温;体温 词性转换 1.pollute(v.)污染→pollution(n.)污染2.peace(n.)和平→peaceful(adj.)和平的;安宁的3.believe(v.)相信→believable(adj.)可相信的;可信任的4.possible(adj.)可能的→impossible(adj.)不可能的(反义词)→possibly(adv.)可能; 或许5.finally(adv.)最终→final(adj.)最后的 6.salt(n.)盐→salty(adj.)咸的7.cover(v.& n.)遮盖;覆盖;盖子→discover(v.)发现(反义词)8.fill(v.)使充满;装满→full(adj.)满的9.paper(n.)纸→newspaper(n.)报纸10.fall(v.)跌倒;掉落→fell(过去式)→fallen(过去分词)11.dig(v.)挖;掘→digging(现在分词)→dug(过去式/过去分词) 12.tradition(n.)传统→traditional(adj.)传统的;惯例的13.educate(v.)教育→education(n.)教育→educational(adj.)教育的;有教育意义的14.celebrate(v.)庆祝→celebrated(过去式 /过去分词)→celebrating(现在分词)→celebration(n.)庆祝;祝贺15.agree(v.)同意→disagree (v.)不同意;有分歧(反义词)→agreement(n.)一致;同意 重点短语 1.参与;发挥作用play a part2.太空站;宇宙空间站space station3.多次;反复地over and over again4.许多;大量hundreds of5.突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌fall down 6.寻找;寻求look for7.奶昔milk shake8.接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 turn on9.切碎 cut up10.一片面包 a piece of bread11.把……倒入pour…into12.用……填满fill…with…13.用……覆盖cover…with… 重点句子 1.Everything __will__be__ free.一切将是免费的。2.People will __live__to__be__ 200 years old.人们将会活到200岁。3.There will be __fewer__trees__.将会有更少的树。4.I think there will be __more__pollution__.我认为将会有更多的污染。5.People will __use__ the subways __less__.人们将会更少地使用地铁。6.Everyone should __play__a__part__in__ saving the earth.每一个人都应当尽一份力来拯救地球。7.—What __will__ the future __be__like__? 将来会是什么样的?—Cities will be __more__crowded__ and __polluted__.城市将会更拥挤和受污染。8.__There__are__ already robots __working__ in factories.工厂里已经有机器人在干活。9.Scientists are now trying to __make__ robots __look__like__ humans and do __the__same__ things __as__ we do.现在科学家正在尽力使机器人看上去像人类,并能像我们一样做同样的事情。 续表类别 课标考点要求 重点句子 10.It will be difficult to __make__ them really __think__like__ a human.让它们真正像人类一样思考将会是困难的。11.__Some__ will look like humans,and __others__ might look like animals.一些看起来像人类,一些可能看起来像动物。12.If buildings __fall__down__ with people inside,these snake robots can help __look__for__ people under the buildings.如果建筑物倒塌了,人被困在里面,这些蛇形机器人能帮助寻找埋在建筑物下面的人。13.We never know __what__will__happen__ in the future!我们永远也不知道将来会发生什么!14.__How__ do you make a banana milk shake? 你如何制作一份香蕉奶昔?15.__How__many__bananas__ do we need?我们需要多少根香蕉? 16.__How__much__yogurt__ do we need? 我们需要多少酸奶?17.It is always __on__the__fourth__Thursday__ in November,and is a time to __give__thanks__for__ food in the autumn.它总是在11月的第四周的星期四,也是人们感谢秋季所获得食物的时刻。18.Here is __one__way__to__ make turkey for a Thanksgiving dinner.这里有一个为感恩节晚宴制作火鸡的方法。19.Next,__fill__ the turkey __with__ this bread mix.接下来,把这个面包混合物填充到火鸡里。20.When it is ready,__place__ the turkey __on__ a large plate and __cover__ it __with__ gravy.当它准备好后,把火鸡放在一个大盘子上并浇上肉汤。21.Finally,__serve__ it __to__ your friends __with__ some vegetables.最后,用它和一些蔬菜招待你的朋友们。 语法 1.一般将来时(will)(详见第二编P135)2.祈使句(详见第二编P149)3.可数名词与不可数名词(详见第二编P120~P121) 4.how much与how many引导的特殊疑问句(详见第一编P31)5.表顺序的副词话题 Unit 7 Life in the future(未来的生活)★ Unit 8 Cooking(烹饪) 单元重难点突破辨析fewer与less (八上Unit 7 P50)【举例透析】①There was less tea in this cup.这个杯子里的茶更少。(less是little的比较级,表示“更少的……”,less与不可数名词连用。)②I am new here,so I have fewer friends than you.我刚来这儿,所以没有你的朋友多。(fewer是few的比较级,也表示“更少的……”,修饰可数名词。)③We will take the subway more and drive our cars less.我们将多乘地铁,少开车。(less和more还可以作副词,如:use the subways less/more)(C)1.There will be ______ pollution and ______ cars in the street if more and more people choose to go out by bike.A.more;fewer B.less;moreC.less;fewer D.more;less(A)2.(xx齐齐哈尔中考改编)Miss Brown tells us to remember that ______ careful we are, ______mistakes we will make.A.the more;the fewer B.the fewer;the moreC.the more;the less D.the fewer;the lesshundreds of (八上Unit 7 P53)【举例透析】They learn five hundred English words every term.他们每学期学习五百个英语单词。We planted hundreds of trees last year.去年我们种了很多树。(当hundred,thousand,million,billion 前面有数词修饰,表示具体数目时,用单数。表示大概数量时,用复数,而且后面还要跟of 短语,如hundreds of 意为“许多”。)(A)(xx达州中考改编)—Have you heard of the big fire that broke out at Hao Yixing Clothes Market on June 2nd?—Yes.Luckily,______ firemen immediately drove there and put out the fire.A.hundreds of B.hundred ofC.three hundreds of D.three hundred ofturn (八上Unit 8 P57)【举例透析】①Turn on the blender.打开搅拌器。Please turn off the light before you leave.你离开之前请关灯。(打开turn on,关闭turn off,通常指开关灯、水龙头、暖气等。)②Please turn down the radio.The baby is sleeping.请把收音机调小点。婴儿正在睡觉。(把音量调大turn up,把音量调小turn down。)(B)1.(xx重庆中考B卷)Please ______ the TV.It's time to go to bed.A.turn on B.turn offC.put on D.put off(A)2.I want to watch Sound of My Dream(《梦想的声音》).Would you please ______ the TV?A.turn on B.turn offC.turn up D.turn down3.把电视声音调大点,我听不清楚。__Please__turn__up__the__TV.__I__can't__hear__it__clearly.__cut up (八上Unit 8 P57)【举例透析】①Cut up the bananas.切碎香蕉。Cutting down trees means destroying our homes.砍树意味着毁坏我们的家园。Cut the cakes into pieces.把蛋糕切成小块。(cut作动词,意为“切”,过去式/过去分词cut,现在分词cutting;短语:切碎cut__up;__把……切成cut…into ;砍倒cut__down)②cut them up/cut it down把它们切碎/砍倒它(“动词+副词”结构,若宾语为代词,代词一般放在两词之间。)(B)—The apple pieces are too big.—Yeah.You can first ______.A.cut up them B.cut them upC.cut it up D.cut up it直 击 中 考一、单项选择。(B)1.(xx荆州中考)—Kids often feel better in a happy family.—That's true.A happy family provides a loving ______ for its children.A.expression B.environmentC.encouragement D.development(C)2.(xx凉山州中考改编)The picture of the Snowflake Boy has bee very popular recently.—Yeah,it receives ______ Internet hits a day.A.thousand of B.thousandsC.hundreds of D.hundreds(A)3.(xx新疆维吾尔自治区中考)—Jim,it's dark now.Please ______ the light in the room.—OK,mum.A.turn on B.turn upC.turn off D.turn down(B)4.(xx宜昌中考)—Believe it or not, a pig from South Africa started painting several months ago.—Anything is ______.A.lively B.possibleC.valuable D.personal(C)5.(xx天水中考)There ______ great changes in Tianshui in next ten years.A.are B.wereC.will be D.are going to have二、(xx滨州中考)完形填空。Yesterday was Father's Day.Something that happened between my father and I is still on my mind.It was a Sunday morning,and I was in a terrible mood(情绪).__1__ friends of mine had gone to the movies the night before and neither had invited me.I was in my room __2__ how to make them sorry when my father came in.“Want to go for a ride today,Beck? It's a beautiful day.”“No! Leave me alone!” Those were the __3__ words I said to him that morning.A few hours later,my friends called me to go to the mall with them.I forgot to be __4__ with them and went with them.When I came home,I found a(n) __5__ from my mother that said,“Dad has had an accident.Please meet us at the Park Hospital.”When I reached the hospital,my mother told me a car hit my father and he was seriously wounded.“Your father told the driver to leave __6__ alone and just call 911,thank God! If he had moved Daddy…My mother may have said more,but I didn't hear anything __7__ those terrible words:Leave me alone.How much had I hurt him when I shouted at him earlier that day?It was several days later that he was __8__ able to talk.I held his hand gently,afraid of hurting him.“Daddy…I am so sorry…”“It's okay,sweetheart.I'll be okay.”“No,” I said,“I mean __9__ I said to you that day.You know,that morning.”He looked at me and said with a weak smile,“Sweetheart,I remember nothing about that day.”My English teacher once told me that words have great power.They can hurt or they can heal(治愈).And we all have the power to __10__ what to say.I am going to do that very carefully from now on.(B)1.A.One B.Two C.Three D.Four(A)2.A.thinking about B.caring aboutC.worrying about D.talking about(B)3.Amon B.lastC.interesting D.polite(D)4.A.strict B.happy C.pleased D.angry(C)5.A.letter B.diary C.note D.email(D)6.A.me B.them C.her D.him(A)7.A.except B.besides C.towards D.beside(B)8.A.possibly B.finally C.suddenly D.sadly(C)9.A.how B.why C.what D.that(D)10.A.keep B.write C.understand D.choose三、(xx福建中考A卷改编)还原句子。阅读下面短文,把A、B、C、D四个句子填入文中空缺处,使短文内容完整、正确。We should not use more water than we actually need.If we do,we will not have enough water in the future.1.__A__ It is not a difficult question to answer.If we remove more fresh water than nature replaces,we have taken too much.Many cities run campaigns(运动)to get people to stop wasting water.They show them ways they can cut back on water use.They also increase water bills for people who use too much.What's more,they carry out programs that offer money to reduce water use.For example,they give people shower heads and toilets that use less water.2.__C__Another threat(威胁)to our water supply is pollution.When our sources of fresh water get polluted,we can no longer use this water.This also endangers(危及) the animals that depend on the water.3.__B__ We can save lots of water by not letting taps run while we brush our teeth or by turning off taps right after washing hands.By collecting cold water when we were taking warm showers,we can also save water.4.__D__ In this way,we can make full use of water.A.However,just how much is too much?B.There are several things we can do to save water.C.Finally,they make laws to control the use of water.D.We don't have to let the cold water run until it gets warm.四、(xx温州中考改编)综合填空。阅读下面短文,根据单词、首字母、汉语和语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的单词,要求意义准确、拼写正确。Charlie's life dream was to bee a soldier,but he would never be able to because of his leg condition—he couldn't stand on his right leg.He was very 1.sad__ about it.One day,Harris,an army officer,2.__heard__ (hear) the story.After municating with Charlie's parents,Harris started to plan secretly to give the poor boy a big 3.__surprise__ (惊喜).A month 4.__later__ (late),one day in August xx,Harris appeared in Charlie's classroom.In front of his classmates,Harris asked the boy,“Would you 5.__mind__ (介意) taking a ride with me?”Charlie was taken to the Army Reserve Center,where he 6.__really__ (real) dreamed to go.Harris said to Charlie,“Today you will bee a member of our team.” Charlie was too 7.__excited__ (excite) to say a word.Charlie raised his right hand and repeated the oath 8.__loudly/aloud__ (大声地),“I volunteer to join the army and make all my efforts to protect the people and the 9.country__ .”Charlie's parents were so thankful.Harris said that it was simply part of his job,“When I joined the army,I made a 10.__promise__(承诺) to protect the people,which also means protecting the dreams of a child.”五、(xx宜昌中考改编)完成句子。阅读下面短文,根据题后要求完成句子。I'm not much of a crier most of the time.(A)But recently when I was reading a book on a plane,I started crying.Of course,it came as a big surprise when tears came up,no matter how hard I tried,I wasn't able to control myself.Oh no,not this now.I thought to myself.(B)But__even__as__the__thought__entered__my__brain, I__felt__the__first__hot__drop__of__salty__water__ing__down__my__face.I put my head down,hoping that I could go on reading.(C)事实上,我越努力尝试,更多的眼泪夺眶而出。 You could guess how surprised the man next to me looked.I dropped my head in shame.(D)crazy,was,__must,he,__think,__I. Maybe I could turn toward him,hold up the cover of the book and say in my crying voice.“I'm sorry,sir.It's just a really good book! ”But I didn't say anything.Instead,I just put my head back against the seat and let the tears run.Do you know what decision I made while I was crying? My decision was that it was okay if he thought I was crazy.I'd rather be crazy than be the kind of person who wouldn't cry when the situation called for it,or who wouldn't let herself feel anything at all.I've been that girl who has spent so much time trying to make sure people didn't think I was crazy.But now I don't want to be that girl any more—that bored and sad girl.I'd rather be this girl who is able to forgive(原谅),love and act,even if it means being disappointed or being hurt again and again.1.句子提问。请就(A)句的画线部分提问。When you were reading a book on a plane,__what__ did you __start__ doing?2.英译汉。请将(B)句译成中文。__但就在这个想法进入我脑海的时候,我感觉到第一滴咸咸的热热的液体从我脸上流下来。__3.汉译英。请根据(C)处中文提示写出英语句子。(每空一词)In fact,the __harder__ I tried,the __more__ tears pushed their way out of my eyes.4.连词成句。请将(D)处的单词连成意义完整的句子。__He__must__think__I__was__crazy.____(C)5.The writer started crying because ______.A.she is usually a crierB.she is kind of crazyC.she was moved by the bookD.she felt uneasy on the plane

(宜宾专版)2019届中考英语总复习 第一篇 教材知识梳理篇 八上 Units 7-8(精讲)检测

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