标签: 2012 上海 学业 发言
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ppt " "2012年上海市高中学业水平考试(英语科) " "笔试部分试卷词汇指导 " " I’m a great _____(love)of bread. Whenever I smell freshly baked bread, it reminds me of my early ________(child) when I used to visit the little bakery that my grandfather owned. And, of course, there are _______(vary) good medical reasons why we should not forget the _______(important) of eating plenty of bread. Bread contains nearly all the protein needed for children’s _______(grow) and for adults to stay fit and well. We can get a ______(three) of our daily protein ________ (require) from just six slices of bread. Bread _______(like) some popular foods which are not particularly good for you, gives ________(strong) to bones and teeth when they are developing and keeps them healthy as we get older._______ (addition), bread helps us to feel ________(energy) as it contains iron as well as several essential vitamins. " "Section B Directions: Read the text below. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. 10% " " 【能力要求】主观型题型,能在具体语境中理解并正确运用词汇。 【知识内容】语言知识、词汇(拼写、构词法、词性、词义)。 " "词汇学习重点 1. 帮助学生了解一词多性,即,有的我们非常熟悉的名词当动词用,或者动词当名词用 如: Years may wrinkle your skin, but to give up enthusiasm _______(wrinkle) the soul. 在这个空格内,根据前句了解,wrinkle做动词,因此,此处答案应该为wrinkles 如:Insurance companies are keen to ______(pocket) your premiums. 在这个空格,pocket当动词用,解释为“把….放入口袋”, 此处答案为pocket. 如It should be the best_____(estimate) of the rebuilding cost and… 此处的答案为estimate, 动词当名词用 如:My debt to them is beyond _______(measure) 答案:measure, 动词当名词用" "2. 帮助学生通过句子理解,判断所缺单词的词性,尤其注重积累不常用的形容词积累 如:It is not a matter of ________(rose) cheeks. 由于学生对rosy这个单词不够熟悉,很多错误地写成了rosing 如:Whether 60 or 16, there is in every human being’s heart the lure of wonder, the ______(fail) childlike appetite of what’s next. 学生知道是形容词,但是想不出该词,正确答案为unfailing(无穷无尽的,经久不衰的) " "3. 提醒学生注意单数复数,加强单复数意识 如: On occasion, we got into _______(argue) with the neighbor’s children. 不少学生的答案为argument, 而正确答案应该是arguments 如:We always let each other use our _______(belong). 不少学生的答案为belonging, 而正确答案为belongings" "4. 指导构词法, 加强前缀,后缀指导练习 比如,形容词通常以-able, -tive, -al结尾 名词常以-tion, -ness, -or, -er结尾 否定通常以im-, un-作为前缀 5. 提醒学生,要把反义词纳入考虑 如 :When she found the truth, she screamed at me angrily, telling me that I was ______(rely). 不少学生的答案为reliable, 而正确答案为unreliable " "6. 提高学生正确拼写的意识,尤其是有些词在变化后需要双写末字母再做变化 如He thought it was ______(fun) 答案:funny 如:Mrs Smith usually bought the sort of washing-powder Mrs Jones ______(prefer). 学生错误答案:prefered 正确答案为:preferred 如:I was constantly on stage promoting my self-confidence, strengthening my speaking ability, and _____(win) prizes in class. 学生错误答案:wining 正确答案为winning" "7. 有个别填空无需改词性,可能考反义词,或者比较级 如 The book made Cousins think about the ______(impossible) benefit of positive attitude and emotions. 答案为possible 如:I can still remember how we joke with our _______(old) brother when he first was able to grow a beard. 有学生答案为young, 或older 而正确答案elder" "Read the following advertisement and complete each sentence. Write one word or more in each space. " "The Shanghai Festival Ballet will perform on ________ evenings. ________ will be the most amusing play. If you like dancing, you should see ________. The play written by _________ is very exciting. " "1. The Shanghai Festival Ballet will perform on (four) evenings. 2. (My Fat Friend) will be an amusing play. 3. If you like dancing, you should see (Swan Lake). 4. The play written by (Tim Danby) is full of mysterious plots. " "信息转换题 【能力要求】能读懂阅读材料, 并根据题目要求完成任务(一种信息转换成另一种形式)。" " 1. The Shanghai Festival Ballet will perform on (four) evenings. 2. (My Fat Friend) will be an amusing play. 3. If you like dancing, you should see (Swan Lake). 4. The play written by (Tim Danby) is full of mysterious plots. " "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "" "IV. Writing " "Section A Directions: Complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese in the brackets into English. 考生需要根据中文提示补全英语句子。 1. _______ (众所周知)that smoking can cause many diseases. " "【参考答案】It is known to all 【能力要求】能根据所提供的英语语境和中文提示补全英语句子。 【知识内容】语言知识。" "IV. Writing" "Section B Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 将所给的中文句子正确翻译成英语。 必须在句中正确使用括号中的关键词。 1. 这张照片使我想起了我们在夏令营里度过的日子。 (remind) " "【参考答案】The photo reminds me of the days we spent in the summer camp. 【能力要求】能用所给的英语词语, 把中文句子译 成英语。 【知识内容】语言知识。" "IV. Writing" "Section C Directions: Write an English composition in between 100 and 120 words according to the situation given below in Chinese. 要求考生根据所给的中英文提示,写一篇100到120词的英语作文。 作文满分为15分。 " "例1:假设你是英国学生约翰, 上周六搭乘大众出租车(车号为3456)回旅馆后, 发现遗失了钱包, 请给该出租车公司写信, 请他们帮助寻找。 你的信中必须包括: ●钱包丢失的过程; ●简要描述该钱包的外形及内容, 并说明其重要性; ●联系方式 " "【能力要求】能按照情景要求对事件或物品做出简单描述, 并能用正确的格式写出信函。" "例2:以“选修课(elective courses/optional courses”为主题写一篇作文, 该文章必须包括以下内容: ● 学校开设了多种选修课, 供学生挑选; ● 介绍你选修的课程; ● 你对选修课的态度和看法。 " "【能力要求】能按照情景要求对事件做出简单描述, 并能发表自己的意见。" "例3:根据下列图表(对学生早餐的调查), 分析学生早餐的情况。 针对问题提出建议。 Your class has made a survey about the breakfast the students take. The information you have collected are as follows. " "【能力要求】能对文字提示、图画和表格所提供的信息进行简单的描述, 并能发表自己的意见。" "Thank you! " "Good Luck!
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