标签: 新版 新目标七年级英语下 期末 复习 学案
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doc 新版新目标七年级英语下期末复习学案Unit 1 Can you play the guitar ?can+动词原形,它不随主语和数而变化。(1)含有can的肯定句:主语+can+谓语动词的原形+其他。(2)变一般疑问句时,把can提前:Can+主语+动词原形+其他?肯定回答:Yes,主语+can。否定回答:No,主语+can't.(3)含有can的否定句:主语+can't+动词的原形+其他。(4)含有can的特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+can+主语+动词原形+其他?may+动词的原形。(may为情态动词)一般疑问句是把may提前,肯定回答是:Yes,主语 +may。否定回答是:No,主语+mustn't。或please don't。join+某个组织,俱乐部,party,参军,党派等 “加入”Join sb. “参加到某人中” join in (doing)sth “加入做......,参加某个活动” Join in=take part in +活动,比赛说某种语言:speak+语言 4、play+球、棋、牌;play+the+乐器。5、擅长于(做)什么:be good at +名词/动ing6、帮助某人做某事:help sb. (to ) do sth. help sb. with sth.7、我能知道你名字吗?May I know your name?8、想要做什么:want to do sth 例如:I want to learn about art.9、What club do you want to join?I want to join the chess club and the basketball club.10、What club does Tom want to join? He wants to join the swimming club .11、He can’t play the violin or the piano. Can you help kids with swimming?12、Why do you want to join the English club? Because I want to learn English well.Unit 2 What time do you go to school ?what time和when引导的特殊疑问句。(1)对时间提问用what time,也可以用when。询问钟点时用what time,询问日期、月份、年份时用when。(2)询问做某事的时间时,两者可以互换。 (3)其他询问时间的句子:What's the time? =What time is it?现在几点了?时刻表达法:顺读法和逆读法。(1)顺读法:“钟点+分钟”直接读数字。(2)逆读法:借助介词past或to表示,要先说分再说钟点。A.当分钟不超过30分钟时(包括30分钟),即<或=30,用past表示。其结构为:“分钟+past+整点” 意为“几点过几分”。B.当超过30分钟时,即>30,用to表示。其结构为:“所差分钟(即60—所过分钟数)+to+下一个整点”,to译成“差”,差几分钟到几点。C.当分钟为30分钟用half表示,当分钟为15分钟用a quarter。always 总是>usually 通常>often常常>sometime 有时Watch+TV、球赛 “观看,观赏”,特指长时间注视。See+电影、医生 “看见”,强调看的结果。Look “看”,强调看的动作,look后接宾语时要用介词at。Read+书刊、杂志 “阅读”listen to +宾语 6、Take a shower “淋浴” 7、Eat breakfast 吃早餐Go to +地点名词 如:go to school go+地点副词 如:go homeUnit 3 How do you get to school?一、本单元知识点总结1.get to school 到校 2.take the subway 乘地铁3.take the train 坐火车 4.leave for 到……地方去,离开去某地5.take…to…把……带到…… 6. most students 大多数学生7. from…to…从……到…… 8.think of 想到,想起9.ride bikes 骑自行车 10.in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地方11. how far 多远 (路程、距离) 12.how long多长(时间)13.take the train to school 乘火车去上学 14.in places 在一些地方15.go to school by boat乘船去上学 16.on the school bus乘坐校车17.be different from和……不同 18.one 11-year old boy 一个十一岁大的男孩二、重点知识详解1.take +a/an/the+表示交通工具的名词,乘……去某地,是动词短语,在句中作谓语。He takes the train. take the subway乘地铁 take a walk散步 take a shower洗个澡take a rest休息一会 take a seat 坐下 take some medicine 吃药2.by+表示交通工具的单数名词或on/in+ a/an/the/one’s+表示交通工具的单数名词,是介词短语作方式状语。I get to school by bike. = I get to school on my bike.3.walk/ride/drive/fly+to+地点名词,步行/骑自行车/开车/坐飞机去某地表示乘交通工具方式可以互换表达相同的意义:Take the bus to school=go to school by bus=go to school on a busDrive a car to work=go to work by car=go to work in a carFly to shanghai=go to shanghai by plane/air=take the/a plane to shanghai=go to shanghai on a/an/the plane.4.get表示“到达”,后接名词需加to,接地点副词不加to.reach 给示到达,是及物动词,其后直接接宾语。arrive in+大地点 arrive at +小地点 后接副词不需介词。5. It takes sb some money/time to do sth.花费某人多少时间/钱做某事Sb pay some money for sth 某人为某物花费多少钱Sb spend some time/money on sth 某人在做某事或某物上花费时间/钱Sb spend some time/ money (in)doing sth Sth cost sb some money 某物花费某人多少钱2·1·c·n·j·y6. How far is it from A to B?=How far is B from A?www-2-1-cnjy-com答语有两种:It’s…meters/miles/kilometers(away)有……米/英里/千米(远)It ‘s about ten minutes’ walk/ ride. 大约有十分钟步行/骑车的路程。7have to 后加动词原形,侧重客观的需要,有“不得不,被迫”之意,有多种时态形式,否定式为don’t have to(needn’t)意为“不必”。Must 侧重于说话者的主观看法,认为有必要或有义务做某事,只有现在时一种形式,否定式must’t意为“一定不要,不允许,禁止”反意词为“needn’t”。8.感谢用语:Thank you very much , Thanks a lot , Many thanks.回答感谢用语的句子:That’s ok /all right. 不用谢。You are welcome 不客气。 It is my pleasure./My pleasure./It is a pleasure.不客气、那是我的荣幸。/Don’t mention it。别在意。 It was nothing at all.那没什么。三、语法归纳(一)how 引导的特殊疑问句1.how 引导的特殊疑问句提问交通方式,其答语分三种情况:a. take a/an/the+交通工具(单数)b. by+交通工具(单数)c. on/in+限定词+交通工具2. how far 用来提问距离,多远,其答语分为两种:(1)用长度单位表示:It is five kilometers.(2)用时间表示:It’s twenty minutes’ walk.3.how long 用来提问时间,意为多久回答常用“for+段时”。----How long have you learnt English?----For 3 years.how soon 用来提问做完某事还需要多长时间, 常用于将来时态时, 常用“in+时间段”来回答。――How soon will you arrive in Beijing?----In 3 hours.Unit 4 Don’t eat in class肯定的祈使句:(1) 实义动词原形+其他; (2) be动词原形+形容词+其他; (3) Let sb do sth.否定的祈使句:(1) Don’t+实义动词+原形; (2) Don’t be+形容词+其他;(3) Don’t let sb do sth (4) No+Ving.练:(1) My mother said to me, “Tom, _______ in bed.”A. not read B. doesn’t read C. don’t read D. didn’t read(2) Don’t __________ (fight). = No __________ (fight).2. 不要迟到:Don’t arrive late. = Don’t be late. (arrive = be)上课/上学不要迟到:Don’t arrive (be) late for class/school.3. 主语省略(无主语):Don’t arrive late for class.主语不省略(有主语):We can’t arrive ;ate for class.4. 在学校我们必须穿校服:We have to wear uniforms at school.句型:不得不/必须做某事:have to do sth否定:不必做某事:don’t have to do sth穿校服:单数:wear a uniform 复数:wear uniforms练:(1) – I can’t stop smoking, doctor. – For your health, I’m afraid you ______.21世纪教育网版权所有A. can B. may C. must D. have to5. 在我家里有太多的规矩:I have too many rules in my house.词组:太多…:too many…6. 我从来没有任何快乐:I never have any fun.(never译为“从来没有”,表示否定,否定句中表示“任何,一些”,用any)7. 不要大声说话:Don’t talk loudly.请大声说:Speak loudly, please.8. 他擅长于唱歌:He is good at singing.句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doing sth9. 表示“地点”的词组:(1) 在教室里:in the classroom 在课堂上:in class(2) 在走廊上:in the hallways 在学校里:at school = in school10. 表示“时间”的词组:(1) 下课后:after class 放学后:after school(2) 在上学的白天/晚上:on school days/nights 比较:at night(3) 到晚上10点钟之前:by 10 o’clock p.m.11. (1) with 和; 如:He lives in Beijing with my parents. (不能用and)(2) with 戴着; 如:Do you know the fat man with a hat? (不能用wears)(3) with 有着; 如:It’s an old house with a beautiful garden. (不能用has)Unit5 Why do you like pandas?1. –让我们先去看考拉。-- Let’s see the koalas first. (first翻译为“首先”)–你为什么最喜欢考拉?-- Why do you like koalas best? (best翻译为“最”)--因为它们很可爱。-- Because they are very cute.句型:让某人做某事:let sb do sth2. –你为什么不喜欢老虎?-- Why don’t you like tigers?--因为它们有点吓人。-- Because they are kind of scary.① 在此处,表示“不”,只要在do后加not即可。② 有点…:kind of+形容词 = a little+形容词3. 你还喜欢别的什么动物? What other animals do you like? (后有animals, other不加s)【版权所有:21教育】你喜欢和别的年轻人工作吗? Do you like to work with other young people?This isn’t my sweater. It’s __________ (you).Are all these children __________ (you)?4. 他是一个8岁的男孩:He is an 8-year-old boy. (后有名词boy, 用连字符,year用原形)他8岁:He is 8 years old. (后无名词boy, 不用连字符,岁数大于1,year变复数)5. 请保持安静:Please be quiet. = Please keep quiet. (keep译为“保持”,= be)6. 他每天通常睡和放松20个小时:He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.每天:every day (要分开) 连在一起的everyday翻译为“日常的”,是个形容词。7. 和某人玩:play with sb (倒翻)8. 在白天:during the day = in the day 在此处,during = in9. 在晚上:at night = in the evening 在上学的晚上/白天:on school nights/days10. 吃草:eat grass 吃叶子:eat leaves (leaf的复数形式) 吃肉:eat meat11. 相似单词比较:(1) 草:grass (不可数,无复数) (2) 玻璃:glass 复数:glasses 眼镜12. 汉语:因为…,所以… 英语:because…, so… (不能同时出现在一个句子中)汉语:虽然…,但是… 英语:though…, but… (只能使用其中一个)如:_______ Tom is tired, _______ he wants to have a food rest.A. Because, so B. Though, but C. /, so D. /, but13. (1) first num. 第一; 如:Sunday is the first day of a week.(2) first adv. 首先;首先:at first 如:Let’s see the koalas first.14. (1) best adv. 最; 如:Why do you like koalas best?(2) best adj. 最好的; 如:Who do you think is the best teacher in your class?15. (1) very adv. 非常(放在形容词前); 如:The koalas are very cute.(2) very much 非常(放在动词后); 如:Thank you very much.16. (1) kind(s) of n. 种类; 如:There are many kinds of anmals in the zoo.What kind of noodles would you like?(2) kind of = a little adv. 有点;(无形式变化) 如:He is kind of lazy.(3) kind adj. 和蔼的,友善的; 如:It’s kind of you to help me with my English.17. 树叶:leaf 复数:leaves 变化规则:去f加ves;18. 小偷:thief 复数:thieves 变化规则:去f加ves.Unit6 I’m watching TV1. 现在进行时的结构:主语+be+Ving. (be动词和动词+ing两者缺一不可)考题形式:(1) 已知be动词,考后面的动词形式(要加ing);(2) 已知后面的动词+ing, 则前面用be动词。如:(1) The boy is _runing________ (run) with his father.(2) Some children are __lieing________ (lie) on the grass.  21*cnjy*com(3) My brother and I are __piaying________ (play) soccer.(4) His sister is _reading_________ (read) a book.2. --你正在做什么?-- What are you doing? --我正在看电视。-- I’m watching TV.3. 那听起来很棒:That sounds great/good.4. 谢谢你的信和照片:Thanks for your letter and the photos.① 谢谢某东西:Thanks for sth ② 句型:谢谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth5. 这是我的一些照片:Here are some of my photos. (“一些照片”是“复数”,be用are)这是我的一张全家福照片:Here is a photo of my family. (“一张照片”是“单数”,be用is)21*cnjy*com6. 句型:忙于做某事:be busy doing sth如:His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room.7. 表示“活动”的“动词词组”① 做家庭作业:do one’s homework ② 打扫房间:clean the room③ 吃晚饭:eat dinner ④ 打电话:talk on the phone = make a telephone call⑤ 看书/看报/看杂志:read books, read newspapers, read magazines⑥ (学生)上课:have an English class (老师)上课:give an English class⑦ 举行晚会:have an evening party ⑧ 和某人说再见:say goodbye to sb8. 在购物中心:at the mall 在游泳池:at the (swimming) pool在学校:at school 在体育馆里:in the gym9. 在第一张照片中:in the first photo 在第二张照片中:in the second photo在下一张照片中:in the next photo 在最后一张照片中:in the last photo10. 等汽车:wait for the bus 在汽车站等(某人):wait (for sb) at the bus stop11. 我的兄弟和我:my brother and I (要把“我”放在后面)12. (身体)好,健康:well = fine 如:-- How is your mother? -- She is _______.13. 活动:activity 复数:activities (以辅音字母+y结尾的,去y加ies)玩具:toy 复数:toys (以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加s)14. (1) 也:also 用于“肯定句的句中”;(2) 也:too 用于“肯定句的句末,前加逗号”;(3) 也:either 用于“否定句的句末,前加逗号”。15. (1) show n. 节目;如:TV show, sports show, game show, talk show(2) show v. 给…看;如:Can you show me your family photo?I’ll show you the way.(3) show v. 表演;如:Can you show us Beijing Opear?一般现在时 The Simple Present Tense一般现在时表示现在的状态 ;表示经常性或习惯性的动作;表示主语具备的性格和能力等。例如:   1、He is twelve.  他十二岁。2、I go to school at seven every day.   3、They speak Japanese. 21·cn·jy·com一般现在时常和表示时间频度的副词连用。如:often, usually, sometimes, always, never, hardly ever等。   1. I often read books in the evening.   2. Do they usually go to school by bike?   3. He doesn’t like milk. He never drinks it.   4. Sometimes my mother gets back at five.   一般现在时常和以下时间表达法连用。如:in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at noon, at night, every day,  on Sunday(s), at seven 等。   Do they have math in the morning?   She sleeps nine hours every night.   It takes me two hours to do my homework every day.   They don’t have classes on Sundays.它有三种形式:谓语是be的一般现在时。1、肯定形式是:主语+be+表语(形容词、名词充当表语)。2、否定形式是:主语+be+not+表语(形容词、名词充当表语)。3、一般疑问句是:Be+主语+表语(形容词、名词充当表语)?肯定回答是:Yes,主语+be. 否定回答是:No, 主语+ be+not.4、特殊疑问句是:特殊疑问词+Be开头的一般疑问句?注意:be要随着主语变。谓语是情态动词can/may.....+动词原形的一般现在时。1、肯定形式是:主语+情态动词can/may.....+动词原形+宾语。2、否定形式是:主语+情态动词can/may.....+not+动词原形+宾语。3、一般疑问句是:情态动词can/may.....++动词原形+主语+宾语。肯定回答是:Yes,主语+情态动词. 否定回答是:No, 主语+ 情态动词+not.4、特殊疑问句是:特殊疑问词+情态动词can/may.....开头的一般疑问句?注意:情态动词can/may.....+动词原形。谓语动词是实义动词及物动词或不及物动词的一般现在时。1、肯定形式是:“主语+及物动词+宾语”或“主语+不及物动词”。2、否定形式是:“主语+don't/doesn't+及物动词+宾语”或“主语+don't/doesn't+不及物动词”。3、一般疑问句是:“Do/Does+主语+及物动词原形+宾语”或“Do/Does+主语+不及物动词原形”。肯定回答是:Yes,主语+do/does. 否定回答是:No, 主语+ don't/doesn't.【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】4、特殊疑问句是:特殊疑问词+do/does开头的一般疑问句?注意:根据主语确定用do还是does。动词第三人称单数的构成:(用于第三人称单数、可数名词的单数和不可数名词的一般现在时中)   1、直接加--s   look—looks read—reads play—plays     stop—stops   2. 在字母s, x,ch,sh,o后加--es   miss—misses  fix—fixes  watch—watches  wash—washes   go—goes   do--does   3. 辅音字母加y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-es   carry–carries study–studies hurry–hurries cry–cries   4.特殊的 have -- has现在进行时(1)构成形式:Be动词+动词的ing形式这里强调一点,两者缺少其中任何一种都不可以构成现在进行时。(2)现在进行时表示动作正在进行或事情正在发生。(3)有用的依据:一个句子中既有be动词,又有动词,且动词加了ing ←→ 该句是现在进行时(4)句中往往有now、look、listen等词。动词现在分词的变化见下表:词尾情况 变化方式 例词 一般情况 加—ing play玩—playing do做—doinggo去—going jump跳—jumpingsing唱—singing ski滑雪—skiingsee看见--seeing 以不发音的e结尾 去e加—ing make做—making take拿到—takinglike喜欢—liking come来—comingwrite写—writing dance跳舞—dancinghave有—having close关—closing 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,中间只有一个元音字母,词尾只有一个辅音字母 双写最后一个辅音字母再加—ing swim游泳—swimming sit坐—sittingrun跑—running get得到—gettingput放—putting begin开始—beginningjog慢跑—jogging 同音词: too---two----to buy---by I---eye four----for there----theirright----write sun----son no----know here---hear who’s----whose近义词: many----a lot of / lots of large----big desk----tablephoto---picture lamp----light like----love反义词或对应词:old----new go----come big----smallopen----close black----white here----there完整形式:let’s=let us(让我们) I’d=I would can’t=can not I’m=I am2-1-c-n-j-y词性变换:one(序数词) first monkey(复数)monkeys skiing(原形)skiis(复数)are families(单数)family make(现在分词)makingwe are(缩略形式)we’re do(第三人称单数)does have(第三人称单数)hasphoto(复数)photos good(反义词)bad做题目时一定要记住: can+动词原形like+动词inglike+名词复数play+足球类 play the +乐器类how many +名词复数would like +to+动词原形let’s+动词原形现在进行时:be(am,is,are)+动词ing动词第三人称单数形式 Unit 7 It’s raining1. n. adj.sun阳光 sunny 晴朗的snow雪 snowy下雪的rain雨 rainy下雨的wind风 windy多风的cloud云 cloudy多云的fog雾 foggy多雾的ice冰 icy结冰的2. 询问天气1)How’s the weather? It’s……北京的天气怎么样?多云。How’s the weather in Beijing? It’s cloudy.2) What’s the weather like?It’s……What’s the weather like in Beijing? It’s cloudy.【出处:21教育名师】3. cook 1)v. 做饭 2)n. 厨师cooker n. 厨具4. How’s it going? 情况如何?Not bad.不错。Great.太好了。Terrible.太糟了。Pretty good.相当好Just so so.马马虎虎5. pretty1) adj. 俊俏;娇小;漂亮 a pretty girl 漂亮的姑娘2) adv. 相当;很;颇 近义词是very或quiet6. hot炎热的------cold寒冷的 warm温暖的-----cool凉爽的7. Thanks for...因......而感谢for是介词,后接n / pron / v-ing. (名词/代词、动名词)Thanks for the photo of your family. 谢谢你的全家福照片。Thanks for helping me. 谢谢你帮助我。8. on vacation 在度假;在假期中9. take a photo/take photos 拍照10.some……, others……一些……,(另一些)……Some are taking photos, others are lying on the beach.一些人在拍照,一些人正躺在沙滩上。11.other, the other, others, the others, another1)other可作形容词或代词。adj. “别的,其他的”Do you have any other questions? 你还有其他的问题吗?Ask some other people. 问问别人吧。2) the other 代词,(两者中的)“另一个” (other为代词)one……the other……一个……,另一个……He has two sons, one is a doctor, the other is a worker.他有两个儿子,一个是医生,另一个是工人。3) others代词,是other的复数形式,泛指“其余的(人或物)” (指其余的部分)some……others……一些……,(另)一些……There are lots of students on the playground, some are playing basketball, others are dancing.操场上有许多学生,有些人在打篮球,有些人在跳舞。Give me some others, please. 给我一些别的东西吧。4) the others代词,特指某一范围内的“其他的(人或物)”(指其余的全部)There are lots of students on the playground, some are playing basketball, the others are dancing.操场上有许多学生,有些人在打篮球,其余的都在跳舞。5) another = an+other,可作形容词或代词,泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。I don’t like this one. Please show me another. 我不喜欢这个,请给我看看另一个。12. lie v.平卧;躺 (想在分词lying)13. Look at this group of people playing beach volleyball.看看这群正在玩沙滩排球的人。playing beach volleyball作people的定语。14. surprised adj. “感到惊讶的”1) be surprised at + n./ pron./v-ing 对……感到惊讶We’re surprised at the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常诧异。2) be surprised to do sth.We’re surprised to hear the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常诧异。3) be surprised + that从句I’m surprised that he didn’t pass the exam我对他没通过考试感到很惊讶。15. in this heat 在这么热的天气里 hot(adj.炎热的)----heat(n.热度)16. scarf 围巾(pl. scarfs或scarves)17. have a good time = enjoy oneself(oneself要随主语的变化而变化) = have funThey are having a good time. = They are enjoying themselves.= They are having fun.他们正玩得高兴。18. everyone / every one1) everyone“人人,每人”,仅指人,相当于everybody,一般不能与of连用,作主语为单数。Everyone is here.大家(人人)都来了。2) every one“每一个(人或物)”,指人或物,常与of连用,谓语用单数。Every one of the book is interesting. 每本书都很有趣。Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?I词型转换1.near反义词: far2.across动词:cross名词:crossing3.front反义词:back4.north形容词:northern5.right反义词:left/wrong6.enjoy第三人称单数:enjoys7.easily形容词:easy8.free反义词:busyII短语归纳1.post office邮局2.police station警察局3.pay phone付电话费4.on Bridge Street在大桥街上5.across from 在……的对面6.next to在……的旁边7.between the post office and the library在邮局和图书馆之间8.in front of在……前面9.on Center Street在中央大街上10.near here在这附近11.go along沿着……走12.turn right 向右转13.turn left 向左转14.on one’s left在某人的左边15.at the first crossing在第一个十字路口16.in my neighborhood在我的附近;邻近17.on the right在右边III用法集萃1.turn right/left at the +序数词+crossing.在第几个十字路口向右/左转。2.spend+时间/金钱+(in)doing sth.花费时间/金钱在……3.watch sb. doing观看某人正在做某事4.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事IV 重点句子1.—Is there a hospital near here?—这儿附近有医院吗?—Yes, there is. It’s on Bridge Street.—是的,有,它在大桥街上。2.The pay phone is across from the library.付费电话在邮局的对面3.The pay phone is between the post office and the library.付费电话在邮局和图书馆之间。21教育网4.Is there a bank near here?这儿附近有银行吗?5.It’s not too far from here.它离这儿不远。6.—Where is the bank?—银行在那里?—It’s next to the post office.— 它在邮局的旁边7.There is a zoo in my neighborhood.在我家附近有一个动物园。8.I love to watch the monkeys climbing around.我喜欢看猴子们到处攀登。9.It’s very quiet and I enjoy reading there.它非常安静而且我喜欢在那儿看书。10.I like to spend time there on weekends.在周末我喜欢在那儿度过。Unit 9 What does he look like?1.询问及描述某人的外貌特征问:What do/does + 主语 + look like? “……看上去什么样?”/ “……长什么样?”答:主语 + be + 描述人物外貌特征的形容词。主语 + have/has + 名词(名词前可有多个形容词修饰)。1)What does your friend look like? 你朋友长什么样?He is short and thin. He has short, black hair.他又矮又瘦,留着短直发。2)What do they look like? 他们长什么样?They’re of medium height. 他们中等身高。3)What does he look like? 他长什么样?He is of medium build, and he has a big nose.他中等身材,大鼻子。2. look like “看起来像……”He looks like his father. 他看起来像他的父亲。3. hair1) 指“头发,毛发”的总称,是不可数名词He has long hair. 他留着长发。2)指具体数量的“头发”,是可数名词There are two hairs on the bed. 床上有两根头发。‘4. high(adj. 高的)----- height(n.高度)5. popular1) 通俗的 in popular language 用通俗的话2)流行的 a popular song 流行歌曲3)受欢迎的 a popular writer 受人欢迎的作家6. a little bit, a little, a bit1) 修饰形容词或副词时,三者可通用,但a little bit比后两者所表示的程度稍弱一点。Today is a little bit / a little / a bit cold. 今天有点冷。21教育名师原创作品2)修饰不可数名词时,a little直接跟不可数名词,a bit需加of再跟不可数名词。There is a little / a bit of water in the glass. 杯子里有点水。3)a little 和a bit在否定句中意思恰恰相反。not a little相当于very “很,非常”,not a bit相当于not….at all“一点也不”。① He is not a little hungry. = He is very hungry. 他很饿。② He is not a bit hungry. = He isn’t hungry at all. 他一点也不饿。7. tell a joke / jokes说笑话 tell a story / stories讲故事 tell a lie / lies撒谎8. She never stops talking. 她总是讲个不停。stop to do sth. “停下来去做某事”。指停止原来做的事情,去做另一件事情。stop doing sth. “停止做某事”,指停止正在做的事情,即不做某事了。1)He stops to do his homework. 他停下来开始做家庭作业。He stops doing his homework. 他停止做家庭作业。2)Class begins, please stop talking. 上课了,请不要说话。3)We are all tired, stop to have a rest. 我们都累了,停下来休息一会儿吧。9. like 喜欢1)like sb. / sth.喜欢某人/某物2) like to do sth.喜欢/想要做某事(表一次性或特指的某一具体的动作)3) like doing sth喜欢做某事(表习惯性的动作或爱好)①我喜欢每天打篮球。I like playing basketball every day. 21cnjy.com②今天很冷,我喜欢呆在家里。Today is cold. I like to stay at home.10. people, person, man1) people:①泛指“人,人们”,谓语动词用复数形式。There are many people there. 那儿有许多人。②the people 常用来指“人民”。We study hard for the people. 我们为人民而努力学习。③指“民族”是可数名词。There’re 56 peoples in China. 中国有56个民族。2) person“人;人物”,无性别之分,可指男人,也可指女人。常用于指数目不大,而且数目比较精确的“人”。www.21-cn-jy.comEveryone likes the honest person. 每个人都喜欢诚实的人。There are only three persons in the room. 房间里只有三个人。3)man: 指“男人”(复数形式为men),也可指“人类”。He is a man of few words. 他是个少言寡语的人。Man has languages. 人类有语言。11. glass1) “眼镜”,常用复数glasses. a pair of glasses一副眼镜2)“玻璃”,不可数名词。3)“玻璃杯”,可数名词。These glasses are made of glass. 这些玻璃杯是玻璃制成的。21·世纪*教育网12.beard (络腮)胡须,可数名词。The old man has a beard. 这位老人满脸胡须。13. remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记做过某事 (事情已做)remember/forget to do sth. 记得/忘记要去做某事 (事情还没做)1)Don’t forget to turn off the lights when you leave the classroom.当你离开教室时,别忘了关灯。There’re not any apples to have. Please remember to buy some.没苹果吃了,请记得买一些。2)I remember telling you about it. 我记得告诉过你这件事。He forgot having this kind of fruit. 他忘记他吃过这种水果了。14.Do you remember Jonny Dean, the pop singer with funny glasses and long curly hair?你还记得约翰尼.迪安——那个戴着滑稽眼镜,留着长卷发的流行歌手吗?1)the pop singer with funny glasses and long curly hair是Jonny Dean的同位语,指的就是Jonny Dean。2)with funny glasses and long curly hair是介词短语,修饰the pop singer介词短语作定语,放在它所修饰的名词之后。The girl in red is my sister. 穿红衣服的女孩是我的妹妹。Do you know the boy under the tree? 你认识树下的那个男孩吗?15. look1) 看Look! Tom is crying. 看,汤姆在哭。Look at the blackboard. 看黑板。2)看起来He looks like his father. 他看起来像他的父亲。3)外表,外貌He has a new look. 他有了一个新形象。16. no more, not….any more., no longer, not….any longer1) no more = not….any more表示数量和程度的“不再(增加)”,常修饰终止性动词。We won’t go there any more.我们不再去那里了。The baby watched and listened, and she cried no more.那个婴儿看着、听着,不再哭了。2) no lo0nger = not….any longer表示时间上“不再(延长)”,常修饰延续性动词。He no longer lives here. 他不再住在这儿了。You can’t stay here any longer.你不能再留在这儿了。17. I don’t think he’s so great.I think + that从句,如果表示否定含义,常把否定词放在主句上,一般不在从句上进行否定,而译成汉语时,则否定在从句上。这种现象叫否定前移。I don’t think you are right. 我认为你不对。18. nobody“没有人,没人”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。Nobody knows me. 没有人认识我。There’s nobody in the room.房里没有人。19. 两个或两个以上形容词同时作定语的排列顺序:限定词(冠词、指示代词、形容词性物主代词、名词所有格、数词等)+ 描述性形容词+大小、形状、长短、高低 + 新旧、长幼 + 颜色 + 产地、材料、用途 + 被修饰名词a small old yellow wooden table 一张黄色的旧木头小桌子an expensive new Japanese sports car 一辆昂贵的新型的日本跑车Unit 10 I’d like some noodles1. would like“想要”,相当于want, 用法亦同want,但比want委婉。1)want/would like sth. 想要某物 I’d like some noodles2)want/would like to do sth. 想要做某事 I’d like to play the piano 我想要弹钢琴。3)want/would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事I would like him to help me. 我想要他帮助我。4)What would sb. like? 某人想要什么?What would they like? They would like some noodles.他们想要什么? 他们想要一些面条。5)What would sb. like to do? 某人想要做什么?What would they like to have? They would like to have some noodles.他们想要吃什么? 他们想要吃一些面条。6)would you like sth. 你想要某物吗?(委婉地询问对方的要求时的用语)肯定回答:Yes, please.否定回答:No, thanks.Would you like some more food? 你想再要些食物吗?Yes, please. 想要,谢谢。No, thanks. 不用了,谢谢。7) Would you like to do sth?你想要/愿意做某事吗?(向对方有礼貌地提出建议或邀请)肯定回答:Yes, I’d like/love to. 是的,我愿意。否定回答:Sorry, + 原因。Would you like to go shopping with us? 你想要/愿意和我们一起去购物吗?Yes, I’d like/love to. 是的,我愿意。Sorry, I have a lot of homework to do.2. noodle “面条”,可数名词,复数noodles。3.What kind of….would you like?你想要那种……?What kind of noodles would you like?你想要那种面条?Beef and tomato noodles, please.kind1)种类 ①a kind of....一种.....②many kinds of....多种.....③all kinds of....各种各样的......2)仁慈的,和蔼的,好意的,友爱的①He is a kind man.②He is kind to everyone.他与人为善。③It’s very kind of you to help me.3)kind of + adj/adv 稍微/有几分……(相当于a little) He is kind of /a little shy.4. special1) n. 特色/价商品,可数名词。2)adj. 特殊的,特别的,专门的Today is a special day. 今天是个特别的日子。5. What size…..“多大……”①What size bowl of noodles would he like? 他想要多大碗的面条?He’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.他想要一个小/中/大碗的面条。②What size shoes do you wear? 你穿多大号的鞋?I wear size 40. 我穿42码的鞋。6. fish 鱼;鱼肉1)指多少条“鱼”,为可数名词。复数:fish或fishes,通常用复数fish.2) 指多少种“鱼”, 为可数名词。复数: fishes3)指“鱼肉”,为不可数名词。There’re hundreds of fish in the pool. 在这水池里有几百条鱼。There’re all kinds of fishes in the lake. 这个湖里有各种各样的鱼。Help yourself to some fish. 请随便吃些鱼。7. 英语中表示食物的一些词的特殊用法1)beef, fish, chicken, pork, meat, mutton等表示肉类的食物,是不可数名词。2)vegetable蔬菜,可数名词3)fruit, salad, ice cream, food等指总称时是不可数名词,指种类时是可数名词。4)cabbage, onion, fish, chicken指食物时是不可数名词,指植物和活着的“鱼”“鸡”时是可数名词。Unit 11 How was your school trip? 重点语法:一般过去时态 结构:主语 + 谓语动词的过去式 + 宾语 谈论过去发生的事情用一般过去时态 do/does 的一般过去时态形式:did 例句:Last week I visited my aunt's house.(上个星期我去我姑姑家玩了。)She lives in California.(她住在加利福尼亚州。)The weather was beautiful.(那儿的天气很好。)I went swimming.(我去游泳了。) 重点短语:hang out 闲逛 sleep late 睡过头 take photos = take pictures 照相 at the end of 在……的尽头 have a great time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 the class monitor 班长 a day off 一整天 go for a drive 开车兜风 have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快 a bowl of 一碗 help sb. [to] do sth. 帮助某人做某事 一些不规则动词的原形和过去式:hang → hung buy → bought sleep → slept read/ri:d/ → read/red/Unit 12 What did you do last weekend?一般过去时(past tenses):定义:表示过去某时间的动作或状态。结构:“主语+动词的过去式”1.规则动词的过去式:1)一般情况在动词原形后加-ed2)以不发音e结尾的加-d3)以辅音加y结尾的,去y变i加-ed4)以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母,先双写该辅音字母,再加-ed
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