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doc 2013年浙江高考英语试题第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)单项填空(共20题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项符号涂黑。---- Hey, can I ask you a favor?---- Sure, _________ .A here you are B just as I thought C how is it going D what can I do for you?Mary worked here as a ______ secretary and ended up getting a full-time job with y the company.A pessimistic B temporary C previous D cautiousI ______ myself more ---- it was a perfect day.A shouldn’t have enjoyed B needn’t have enjoyedC wouldn’t have enjoyed D couldn’t have enjoyedAs the world’s population continues to grow, the ______ of food becomes more and more of a concern.A worth B supply C package D listThe children, ______ had played the whole day long, were worn out.A all of what B all of which C all of them D all of whomIf we leave right away, ______, we’ll arrive on time.A hopefully B curiously C occasionally D gradually_______ how others react to the book you have just read creates an added pleasure.A Hearing B Hear C Having heard D To be hearingEye doctors recommend that a child’s first eye exam _____ at the age of six months old.A was B be C were D isWhen the group discussion is nearing its end, make sure to _____ it with important point.A conclude B lead C avoid D holdDuring the last three decades, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs ______ sharply.A was increasing B has increased C had increased D will be increasingHalf of _____ surveyed in 16 countries say they go first to their closest friend to share their deepest wishes and darkest fears.A these B some C ones D thoseA good listener takes part in the conversation, _______ ideas and raising questions to keep the talk flowing.A realizing B copying C offering D misunderstandingThe museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform ______ visitors can watch the bid glasshouses being built.A what B where C when D whyIt will be a great help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner. _______, I’ll set the table.A As a result B On the whole C In the meanwhile D As a matter of factPeople develop _______ preference for a particular style of learning at _____ early age and these preferences affect learning.A a; an B a; 不填 C 不填; the D the; anThe only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief _____ you are better than anyone else on the sports field.A how B that C which D whetherBears _______ fat stores throughout the summer and fall to have enough energy to last them through their sleep.A pack up B build up C bring up D take upIf what your friend comes up with surprises you, don’t reject it immediately. ______ , imagine that it is true.A Thus B Besides C Rather D OtherwiseThere are some health problems that, when ______ in time, can become bigger ones later on.A not treated B not being treated C not to be treated D not have been treated---- Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?---- _______. Will pennies do?A I know B Never mind C I am sure D Let me seekeys: 1-5 DBDBD 6-10 AABAB 11-15 DCBCA 16-20 BBCAD第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21-40各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to 21 how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I 22 that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and 23 friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was 24 , nothing about my term in France was what I 25The moment I arrived in Paris, I was 26 by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting 27 I received some shocking news from my program coordinator (协调人):there had been a death in my host parents’ extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to 28 out of one family’s house and into another. The exchange coordinator told me I’d have a 29 this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation) to 30 my native language, I asked not to be 31 with an English-speaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I 32 myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian (巴西人)the same age as I,whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs! In just a few hours, we knew we’d be good friends for the rest of the 33I left France with many 34 , so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always 35 to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends 36 France we enjoyed together. T love how people 37 seem so different, but end up being so 38 The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn’t just to respect the French people 39 to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful 4021. A. discuss B. express C. announce D. argue 22. A. approved B. knew C. warned D. denied 23. A. stubborn B. anxious C. universal D. interesting 24. A. boring B. upsetting C. exciting D. promising 25. A. expected B. liked C. doubted D. feared 26. A. sponsored B. witnessed C. greeted D. supported 27. A. until B. when c. since D. while 28. A. move B. travel c. walk D. rush 29. A. housekeeper B. leader c. roommate D. colleague 30. A. learn B. appreciate c. speak D. master 31. A. combined B. fitted c. involved D. placed 32. A. added B. introduced c. devoted D. adapted 33. A. term B. week c. month D. vacation 34. A. presents B. suitcases c. stories D. dreams 35. A. surprised B. disturbed c. embarrassed D. concerned 36. A. analyzing B. exploring c. describing D. investigating 37. A. need B. shall c. must D. can 38. A. generous B. independent c. similar D. distant 39. A. and B. but c. or D. so 40. A. instructions B. friendships c. facts D. data [解题导语]本文为记叙文,题材为人物故事类。讲述的是作者因交换学习去法国的一次经历。21.B在我的申请信里面,我小心谨慎地表达了自己是多么地想去法国看看。2.B 一旦我知道我要去法国,我所能想到的都是国外旅行的有趣之处和交各种各样有趣的新朋友。23 D有趣的。解析见上句。24.C虽然去国外旅行很让人欢欣鼓舞,遇到一些人也让人激动不已,但是在我在法国学习的那一学期里所发生的事是我从没预料到的。25.A解析同上。26.C我一到法国,就有一对友好的法国夫妇过来迎接我。27.A我在法国所有经历都很愉快和令人激动直到我从我的项目协调人那里得到了令人震惊的消息。28.A move表示搬家。由于第一个住家有亲戚过世了,那天下午我不得 不从一个家庭搬出去再搬到另一家。29.C我的交换项目协调人告诉我这一次我会有一个室友。30.C为了避免自己说母语,我要求不要和一个说英语的室友安置在 —起。31.D place安置,安顿。32.B我向我的新室友介绍自己。33.A term学期。仅仅几个小时的时间,我们就知道彼此会在接下来 的一学期里成为好朋友。34.C我是带着许多故事离开法国的,这里应该表示我在法国交换学 习期间体验了许多,就像是一个个故事一样。35.A每当有人问我去法国的这一趟我最喜欢的是什么,他们总会很 惊讶地听到我说……。36.B exploring在这里是探索,探险,由于我们对法国很好奇,在周末的 时候我们应该很享受一起去探索法国的事情。37.D人们看起来很不一样,但是最后却是如此相似。对于这一点我很喜欢。38.C与前面的different对应。39.B not...but...我在法国学习期间学到的最有价值的不仅仅是尊重法国人,而是尊重所有的人。40.B我会推荐一个交换项目给那些想要体验外国文化和获得有意义的友谊的人。第二部分:阅读理解(第一节20小题,第二节5小题;每小题2分,满分50分)第一节:阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。ANo one knows for sure when advertising first started. It is possible that it grew out of the discovery that some people did certain kinds of work better than others did them. That led to the concept of specialization, which means that people would specialize, or focus, on doing one specific job.Let’s take a man we’ll call Mr. Fielder, for example. He did everything connected with farming. He planted seeds, tended the fields, and harvested and sold his crops. At the same time, he did many other jobs on the farm. However, he didn’t make the bricks for his house, cut his trees into boards, make the plows ($), or any of the other hundreds of things a farm needs. Instead, he got them from people who specialized in doing each of those things.Suppose there was another man we shall call Mr. Plowright. Using what he knew about farming and working with iron, Mr. Plowright invented a plow that made farming easier. Mr. Plowright did not really like farming himself and wanted to specialize in making really good plows. Perhaps, he thought, other farmers will trade what they grow for one of my plows.How did Mr. Plowright let people know what he was doing? Why, he advertised, of course. First he opened a shop and then he put up a sign outside the shop to attract customers. That sign may have been no more than a plow carved into a piece of wood and a simple arrow pointing to the shop door. It was probably all the information people needed to find Mr. Plowright and his really good plows.Many historians believe that the first outdoor signs were used about five thousand years ago. Even before most people could read, they understood such signs. Shopkeepers would carve into stone, clay, or wood symbols for the products they had for sale.A medium, in advertising talk, is the way you communicate your message. You might say that the first medium used in advertising was signs with symbols. The second medium was audio, or sound, although that term is not used exactly in the way we use it today. Originally, just the human voice and maybe some kind of simple instrument, such as a bell, were used to get people’s attention.A crier, in the historical sense, is not someone who weeps easily. It is someone, probably a man, with a voice loud enough to be heard over the other noises of a city. In ancient Egypt, shopkeepers might hire such a person to spread the news about their products. Often this earliest form of advertising involved a newly arrived ship loaded with goods. Perhaps the crier described the goods, explained where they came from, and praised their quality. His job was, in other words, not too different from a TV or radio commercial in today’s world.41.What probably led to the start of advertising?A. The discovery of iron. B. The specialization of labourC. The appearance of new jobs.D.The development of farming techniques42.To advertise his plows, Mr. Plowright .A. praised his plows in public B. placed a sign outside the shopC. hung an arrow pointing to the shop D. showed his products to the customers43.The writer makes up the two stories of Mr. Fielder and Mr. Plowright in order to .A. explain the origin of advertising B. predict the future of advertisingC. expose problems in advertising D. provide suggestions for advertising44.In ancient Egypt, a crier was probably someone who .A. owned a ship B. had the loudest voiceC. ran a shop selling goods to farmers D. functioned like today’s TV or radio commercial45.The last two paragraphs are mainly about .A. the history of advertising B. the benefits of advertisingC. the early forms of advertising D. the basic design of advertising[解题导语]本文为说明文,题材为社会生活。介绍了广告的起源以 及早期的广告形式。ABBelow is a selection from a popular science book.If blood is red,why are veinis(静脉)blue?Actually, veins are not blue at all. They are more of a clear, yellowish colour. Although blood looks red when :it ’ s outside the body, when it ’ s sitting in a vein near the surface of the skin, it ’ s more of a dark reddish purple I colour. At the right depth, these blood-filled veins reflect less red light than the surrounding skin, making them look ^ blue by comparison.Which works harder,your heart or your brain?That kind of depends on whether you’re busy thinking or busy exercising. Your heart works up to three timesharder during exercise, and shifts enough blood over a lifetime to fill a supertanker. But, in the long run, your ;brain probably tips it, because even when you ’ re sitting still your brain is using twice as much energy as yourheart, and it takes four to five times as much blood to feed it.Why do teeth fall out, and why don’t they grow back in grown-ups?Baby (or “milk”) teeth do not last long; they fall out to make room for bigger, stronger adult teeth later on.:Adult teeth fall out when they become damaged, decayed and infected by bacteria. Once this second set of teeth :has grown in, you ’ re done. When they ’ re gone, they ’ re gone. This is because nature figures you ’ re set for life, and !;: what controls regrowth of your teeth switches off.Do old people shrink as they age?Yes and no. Many people do get shorter as they age. But, when they do, it isn’t because there,re shrinking all over. They simply lose height as their spine (脊柱)becomes shorter and more curved due to disuse and the effects of gravity (重力) Many (but not all) men and women do lose height as they get older. Men lose and average of 3-4 cm in height as they age, while women may lose 5 cm or more. If you live to be 200 years old, would you ;keep shrinking till you were, like 60 cm tall, like a little boy again? No, because old people don’t really shrink! It 5 is not that they are growing backwards—their legs, arms and backbones getting shorter. When they do get shorter, it’s because the spine has shortened a little. Or, more often, become more bent and curved.Why does spinning make you (眩晕的)?Because your brain gets confused between what you’re seeing and what you’re feeling. The brain senses that ;you’re spinning using special gravity-and-motion-sensing organs in your inner ear, which work together with your s eyes to keep your vision and balance stable. But when you suddenly stop spinning the system goes out of control, ;and your brain thinks you ’ re moving while you ’ re not!Where do feelings and emotions come from?Mostly from an ancient part of the brain called the limbic system. All mammals have this brain area—from :mice to dogs, cats, and humans. So all mammals feel basic emotions like fear, pain and pleasure. But since human I feelings also involve other, newer bits of the brain, we feel more complex emotions than any other animal on the ;planet.If exercise wears you out,how can it be good for you?Because our bodies adapt to everything we do to them. And as far as your body is concerned, it’s “use it, or \ lose it”! It’s not that exercise makes you healthy; it’s more that a lack of exercise leaves your body weak and eas- ;ily affected by disease.46.What is the colour of blood in a vein near the surface of the skin?A. Blue. B. Light yellow. C. Red. D. Dark reddish purple.47.Why do some old people look a little shrunken as they age?A.Because their spine is in active use.B.Because they are more easily affected by gravity.C.Because they keep growing backwards.D.Because their spine becomes more bent.48.Which of the following statements about our brain is true?A.In the long run, our brain probably works harder than our heart.B.When our brain senses the spinning, we will feel dizzy.C.The brains of the other mammals are as complex as those of humans.D.Our feelings and emotions come from the most developed area in our brain.49.What is the main purpose of the selection?A. To give advice on how to stay healthy. B. To provide information about our body.C. To challenge new findings in medical research. D. To report the latest discoveries in medical science.[解题导语]本文为说明文,题材为人体医学。介绍了有关人体的一些科学知识。46.D 细节理解题。根据“If blood is red,why are veins(静脉)blue?”标题 下第三句“...when it’s sitting in a vein near the surface of the skin,it,s more of a dark reddish purple colour. ” 可知选.D 项。47. D细节理解题。根据“Do old people shrink as they age?”标题下全段 内容,尤其是最后两句可知选D项。‘48 细节理解题。根据“Which works harder,your heart or your brain?” 标题下第三句“But,in the long run,your brain probably tips it...”可知,A 项正确。49. B观点态度题。作为一本科普读物的节选,本文意在向读者介绍有 关人体的科学知识,故选B项。CThe baby monkey is much more developed at birth than the human baby. Almost from the moment it is bom, the baby monkey can move around and hold tightly to its mother. During the first few days of its life the baby will approach and hold onto almost any large, warm, and soft object in its environment, particularly if that object also gives it milk. After a week or so, however, the baby monkey begins to avoid newcomers and focuses its attentions on “mother”一the real mother or the mother-substitute(母亲替代物).During the first two weeks of its life warmth is perhaps the most important psychological (心理的)thing that a monkey mother has to give to its baby. The Harlows, a couple who are both psychologists, discovered this fact by offering baby monkeys a choice of two types of mother-substitutes—one covered with cloth and one made of bare wire. If the two artificial mothers were both the same temperature, the little monkeys always preferred the cloth mother. However, if the wire model was heated, while the cloth model was cool, for the first two weeks after birth the baby monkeys picked the warm wire mother-substitutes as their favorites. Thereafter they switched and spent most of their time on the more comfortable cloth mother.Why is cloth preferable to bare wire? Something that the Harlows called contact(接触)comfort seems to be the answer, and a most powerful influence it is. Baby monkeys spend much of their time rubbing against their mothers’ skins, putting themselves in as close contact with the parent as they can. Whenever the young animal is frightened, disturbed, or annoyed, it typically rushes to its mother and rubs itself against her body. Wire doesn’t “rub” as well as does soft cloth. Prolonged (长时间的)“contact comfort” with a cloth mother appears to give the babies confidence and is much more rewarding to them than is either warmth or milk.According to the Harlows, the basic quality of a baby’s love for its mother is trust. If the baby is put into an unfamiliar playroom without its. mother, the baby ignores the toys no matter how interesting they might be. It screams in terror and curls up into a furry little ball. If its cloth mother is now introduced into the playroom, the baby rushes to it and holds onto it for dear life. After a few minutes of contact comfort, it obviously begins to feel more secure. It then climbs down from the mother-substitute and begins to explore the toys, but often rushes back for a deep embrace (拥抱)as if to make sure that its mother is still there and that all is well. Bit by bit its fears of the new environment are gone and it spends more and more time playing with the toys and less and less time holding onto its “mother”.50.Psychologically, what does the baby monkey desire most during the first two weeks of its life?A. Warmth. B. Milk. C. Contact. D. Trust.51.After the first two weeks of their life, baby monkeys prefer the cloth mother to the wire mother because the former is •A. larger in size B. closer to themC. less frightening and less disturbing D. more comfortable to rub against52.What does the baby monkey probably gain from prolonged “contact comfort”?A. Attention. B. Softness. C. Confidence. D. Interest.53.It can be inferred that when the baby monkey feels secure, .A.it frequently rushes back for a deep embrace when exploring the toysB.it spends more time screaming to get rewardsC.it is less attracted to the toys though they are interestingD.it cares less about whether its mother is still aroundThe main purpose of the passage is to .54.A. give the reasons for the experiment B. present the findings of the experimentC. introduce the method of the experiment D. describe the process of the experimentC[解题导语]本文为说明文,题材为动物研究。作者通过具体实验结果来说明新出生不久的猴子比婴儿智商更发达。50..A细节理解题。根据第二段第一句话During the first two weeks of its life warmth is...可知答案。51.D细节理解题。根据第三段可知两周后,小猴子最需要的是与母性接触获得安慰,而电线的触感不及布料。故D项正确。52.C推理判断题。由第三段可知小猴子在与“母亲”的接触中获得的 是自信。53D推理判断题。从文章的最后一段的描述可以看出,当小猴子被放 在一个陌生的环境中,它就会因为害怕而对玩具没有任何兴趣,但是,当它确信它“妈妈”在场的时候,它就会cares less它的“妈妈”了。54.B观点态度题。从通篇内容来看,文章主要是为了呈现实验发现。 B项符合。DIn 1974, after filling out fifty applications, going through four interviews, and winning one offer, I took what I could get a teaching job at what I considered a distant wild area: western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen— teaching English.School started, but I felt more and more as if I were in a foreign country. Was this rural area really New Jersey? My students took a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City, who thought that “Make hay while the sun shines” just meant to have a good time.But, still, I was teaching English. I worked hard, taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth-grade class—seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I knew it. I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher. I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room.In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior. So I did, confident that, as the textbook had said, the bad behavior would disappear as I gave my students positive attention. It sounds reasonable, but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans, particularly teenagers, rarely seem reasonable. By the time my boss, who was also my taskmaster, known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe me, the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise.My boss sat in the back of the room. The boys in the class were making animal noises, hitting each other while the girls filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn’t happening, and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss, sitting in the back of the room, seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left, silently. Visions of unemployment marched before my eyes.I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of class without crying, but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office, took a deep breath, and opened the door.He was sitting in his chair, and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher; I had been lying to myself, pretending that everything was fine.When he spoke, he said simply, without accusation, “You had nothing to say to them.”“You had nothing to say to them,” he repeated. “No wonder they’re bored. Why not get to the meat of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. Talk with them, not at them. And more important, why do you ignore their bad behavior?” We talked. He named my problems and offered solutions. We role-played. He was the bad student, and I was the forceful, yet, warm, teacher.As the year progressed, we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human beings and their motivations. He helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. In short, he made a teacher of me by teaching me the reality of Emerson’s words: “The secret to education lies in respecting the pupil.”Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year, the school is my home now.55.It can be inferred from the story that in 1974 .A. the writer became an optimistic person B. the writer was very happy about her new jobC. it was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D. it was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey56.According to the passage, which of the following is most probably the writer’s problem as a new teacher?A. She had blind trust in what she learnt at college. B. She didn’t ask experienced teachers for advice.C. She took too much time off to eat and sleep. D. She didn’t like teaching English literature.57.What is the writer’s biggest worry after her taskmaster’s observation of her class?She might lose her teaching job.She might lose her students’ respect. 4She couldn’t teach the same class any more.She couldn’t ignore her students’ bad behavior any more.58.Which of the following gives the writer a sense of mild victory?A. Her talk about symbolism sounded convincing. B. Her students behaved a little better than usual.C. She managed to finish the class without crying. D. She was invited for a talk by her boss after class.59.The students behaved badly in the writer’s classes because .A. they were eager to embarrass her B. she didn’t really understand themC. they didn’t regard her as a good teacher D. she didn’t have a good command of English60.The taskmaster ’ s attitude towards the writer after his observation of her class can be best described as .A. cruel but encouraging B. fierce but forgivingC. sincere and supportive D. angry and aggressive[解题导语]这是一篇记叙文,题材为工作生活。作者讲述了自己大学毕业后找到理想的教师职业,然而发现教学并不是书本所讲的那么容易,后来在领导的帮助下,从一个不懂教学艺术的新老师成长为一名不仅有着较深文学造诣而且更懂得教育真谛并深爱自己事业的好老师。55.C 推理判断题。从第一段“...after filling out fifty applications...I took what I could get—a teaching job at...a distant wild area”,可以看出作者 付出巨大努力才找到一份地处偏远的工作,可见当时工作不好找。故 C项正确。56.A细节理解题。作者只有在学校学习的知识,而没有实际工作的经 验,尤其是对当地的情况很不了解,对教的学生情况和他们的需求也57.. A 细节理解题。根据第五段“ Visions of unemployment marched befoi my eyes”可知作者此时预见到了被解雇的可能性,这也正是作者所S 心的。因而A项正确。58.C细节理解题。由第六段第一句可知C项正确。59.B推理判断题。根据倒数第二、三段可知作者之前只是停留在教等 的形式上,而不知道教育的真谛所在。从而得知作者之前不懂学生c 故B正确。本题最难。60.C观点态度题。根据文章可知当时学监诚恳地面对作者,又耐心地 指出作者问題所在并提供解决办法。第二节:下面文章中有5个段落需要添加首句(第61-65题)。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E和F)中选出适合各段 落的首句。选项中有一项是多余选项。A.Time can run out.B.Tomorrow won’t be better.C.Ideas need time to develop.D.Your professor will be impatient.E.You blow off your chances for help.F.You,re probably overestimating(高估) the pain.Never Put off Until Tomorrow What You Can Do TodayWant to put off studying for the physics test? Or writing that thirty-five-page research paper on future uses of biotechnology? Sure you do? And who wouldn’t? But it’s still a silly idea to put off doing something until a future time. Here’s why...61.________ The task will be still the same. It won’t be any more fun and you still won’t want to do it. As the deadline gets closer and closer, the task seems to become larger and larger if you haven’t started the work. And the stress increases. Now not only do you have to write that paper, you have to do it under great pressure.62.________Before you start, it seems that the task is unlikely to be accomplished. But you know what? You’re probably miscalculating. Get started—maybe on a small piece—and you’ll discover that you have more resources and know more about the subject than you thought. Result? You won’t experience nearly as much suffering as you expected to. Things are guaranteed—100 percent——to get better.63.________If you leave your work until the night before it’s due, you give up the possibility of getting input from your professor. Professors regularly give advice—or at least a few useful tips—during office hours. Unfortunately, though, they don’t usually hold office hours at midnight, so you’ll be out of luck when you discover the night before the midterm that you have no idea how to do the questions that will count for two-thirds of your grade.64_______ Ever wonder why the professor assigns the paper two weeks before it’s due? It’s because he orshe expects you to be thinking about the issue, or doing the research, for two weeks. No, not every waking moment, but at least some of the time. After all, the professor could just as easily have given the assignment one week be ore it was due if he or she expected less thinking. Most college papers require you to have some kind of idea, then to spend some time thinking about it, revising it, and polishing it. When you throw together a paper or a re port at the last minute, your ideas are half-baked. And your professor will know it.65._____ If you put things off till the last minute, you might find that you haven’t budgeted enough minutesto finish the necessary tasks. It’s the easiest thing in the world to miscalculate how long it’ll take to do all the work especially when new issues arise—like illness, family problems, computer breakdowns, trouble at work, and all the other things—as you’re thinking through your paper argument or preparing yourself for the coming test. If you keep delaying, you don’t allow yourself time for those various life events that have an adverse (不利的) effect on your ability to complete your assignment.[解题导语]本文为议论文,题材为求学就业。阐述了作者关于大学 生如何对待学业和时间的看法。1 B任务若不及时完成,越往后拖压力越大,麻烦越多,故“明天不会 更好”。2. F在开始做之前总会认为任务是不可能完成的,但我们可能髙估了 任务的难度。3.E如果把任务留到截止日期前一天晚上再做,就不能得到老师的指 导,也就是放弃了得到帮助的机会。4.C教授提前两周而不是一周布置作业,就说明这个作业是需要两周 来完成的,因为形成自己的观点,并反思润色,都是需要时间的。5.A如果把事情拖到最后一刻,就会发现很多事情挤占你的时间,最后导致时间不够用,任务不能按时完成。非选择题部分(共40分) 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;∧2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。例如:It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. LuckilytheI was completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I,ll arrive in Bristol at around 8:00 p.m. amamin Friday evening.on Dear Diary,Here I am in the middle of a city, 350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week? Dad lost his job, and as Mom explained, “He was lucky to find other one.” His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world. To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring, but I know I’ll never fall sleep.Good night and remember, you, dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend.Yours,Rosemary[解题导语]第一句:去掉far表示距离时,如果前面已经有具体的数词,就不用副 词 far。第二句:move~——moved有时间状语last week,故该句陈述的是过去的事情。第三句:other—another此处指另一个,并不是两个中的一个。第四句:classmate—classmates此处指我的同学们,应该是复数形式。 第四句:or—and 此处 my classmates, my school 和 everything else 是并列 关系,而非选择关系,故用and。第五句:bad—worse此处意思是“更糟糕的是”,所用的固定用法应该 是 to make matters worse .第六句:first前加the或者my此处需要加上限定词,特指第一天。 第七句:tiring—tired此处指人很累,应该使用tired。第七句:sleep—asleep fall asleep 人睡。第八句:is—>-are此处主语是you,故用are。第二节:书面表达(满分30分)请以“One Thing I’m Proud of”为题,用英语写一篇100-120个词的短文,记述一件你自己认为得意的事情。要求 如下:记述事情经过;简要说明你感到得意的原因或从中得到的启示。注意:文章的标题已给出(不计词数)。One Thing I’m Proud of[写作提示]1.本书面表达内容建议分为两部分,第一部分应该是一个典型的事 例,第二部分是总结和感想。2.时态也需要两种,举事例部分主要用一般过去时,而总结反思和 感想部分应该用一般现在时。One possible version : \/One Thing I’m Proud ofI still remember how I became a good table tennis player.The first day I went to high school, I saw some of my classmates playing table tennis. Amazed at how skilful they were,I was determined to be just as good. Later on,I often watched them carefully to learn their techniques. Then I kept practising until I became confident enough to challenge the good players. At the end of the term I became one of the best players in my class.I am really proud of this experience, because it helps me realise that we all can fulfil our potential and achieve our goals through hard work. It also helps me better understand the proverb “Practice makes perfect. ”自选模块测试试题题号:05 阅读理解(分两节,共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。题号:05 科目:英语阅读理解(分两节,共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。Our cultural backgrounds influence how we make choices in nearly every area of our lives. Form early on, members of individualist societies are taught the importance of choice. As soon as children can talk,or perhaps as soon as they can accurately point,they are asked, “Which one of these would you like?” By the age of four ,he may well be expected to bothUnderstand and respced to the challenging question, “what do you want to be when you grow up?”From this children learn that they should be able to figure out what they like and dislike , what will make them happy and what won`t ①By contrast, members of collectivist societies place greater emphasis on duty .Children are often told, :If you`re a good child , you`ll do what your parents tell you. “ ② As you grow older , instead of being asked what you want , you may be asked ,”How will you take care of your pareents` needs and wants? How will you make them proud?’’ It is believed that your parents, and olders in general, will show you the right way to live your life so that you will be paotected from a costly mistake.③ Get a piece of paper and the from write down all the aspects of your life in which you like having choice .On the back , list all the aspects in which you would prefer not to have choice , or to have someone clse choose for you ,Take a few extra minutes to make sure you have`t left anyching outWhen I had 100 American and Japanese college students do this exercise , the front sides of the American` pages were often completely filled with answers such as “my job” “where I live “ and “who I vote for “In contrast , the backs , without exception, were either completely blank or contained only a single item , most commomly “when I like or “when my loved ones die “ The Japanese a very different pattern of results , with not a single one wishing to have choice all or nearly all of the times ④ Comparing responses between the two ,Americans destred personal choice in four as many domains of life as the Japanese根据短文内容。从A、B、C、D和E中选出最适合填入短文空白处的选项,并将序号及相应答案写在答题纸上,选项中有一项是多余选项。A.It is evident from an early age that we absorb different ideas about choice from the world around usB.Let` try are excreise to explore how these different approacties rich have our daily livesC.Because their happiness is on the line ,their own opingions truly matter ,and they figure out how to judge the outcomes of their choicesD.In fact , on average they listed twice as many areas in which they did not want choice ad compared to areas in which they didE.From what you eat to what you study ,it is what you`re supposted to do that`s most important第二节 根据短文所给信息,用一个完整的句子回答下面的问题,并将序号及相应答案写在答题纸上。⑤ According to the passage ,what`s the major difference the USA and Japan in children`s education?题号:06    科目:英语 填空(共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)   阅读下面的短文,在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式,并将序号及相应的答案写在答题纸上。Last summer my family moved to a new neighborhood. Ramon , a boy living right across the street from our new house , came by to ① hello When school started , I was happy that Ramon was in my class.One day Mr Rosen ,our teacher, told us about the big Art and Music Festval coming up at school. He said , “ho wants to be in the show? Raise your hands The class became restless ,About a dozen hands went up .I stared to raise my hand, ②I stopped and put it down .I couldn’say a word .I just sat there while the othersVolunteered.“There is a piano in the hall we could use a piano player” said Mr Rosen.Still I said nothing ,And ③ asked me to perform at the festval, for I had never eventold that I could play the piano Every day when I went home to learn the sonatain C Major(C 大调奏鸣曲) by Mozart , I told him I had to do my homework .Every dayit ④ (sound)better and better and I grew more and more disppointed that I had not volunteered to paly at the festval.One afternoon I was practicing as usual. Suddenly there was a ⑤ at the door.I was in the middle of Mozart’s Sonata, so I kept on playing.My mom opened the door and told me it was Ramon. “What nice ⑥ ”I heard him say. Then he walked into the living room and saw me ⑦ (play)the piano. When I finished, Ramon jumped up and clapped. He ran over to me and gave me a pat on the back.“Matthew,” he said, “that was great! I never even knew you could play the piano! ⑧ were you keeping this a secret?”I didn’t know ⑨ to say. I felt foolish. Ramon had stopped by to borrow my math book because he had left his at school ⑩ mistake. Now he knew I played the piano.The next day in school, Ramon told Mr. Rosen that I was a great pianist. The rest is history.⑤题号:06 科目:英语(10分,每小题1分)① say ② but(yet/then) ③ nobody(none) ④ sounded ⑤ knock⑥ music ⑦ playing ⑧ Why ⑨ what ⑩ by