标签: 新版 目标 八年级 英语 unit 610 短语 句型 知识点 归纳
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doc Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains一、重点短语1. Journey to the west 《西游记》Nu Wa repairs the sky《女娲补天》Hou Yi shoots the sun《后羿射日》Yu Gong moves a mou tains《愚公移山》at the beginning of 在……的开始begin with 以……开始To begin with=at first 起初;最先work on doing sth. 致力于做某事tell sb that 告诉某人…5. as soon as ...... 一……就…....6. once upon a time =long long ago从前continue to do sth. 继续做某事make sth. happen 使某事发生try to do sth. 试图做某事tell the/a story 讲故事think about=think of 考虑;认为a good way to solve the problem解决问题的好办法9. put on 穿上10. a little b it silly 有点儿傻It seem very possible to do sth看起来做某事是可能的11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事12. give up 放弃agree with sb 同意某人的意见agree on sth 就某事与某人达成一致instead of 代替;反而Many other ways 许多其他的方法Neither of you 你们都不turn oneself into 将自己变成be able to do sth. 能够做某事in fact=as a matter of fact=actually事实上16. the main character 主要人物;主人公make 72 changes 会72般变化keep it in his ear 将…存在耳朵里17. at other times 在另外一些时候18. come out (书、电影等)出版19. become interested in….对……感兴趣walk to the other side 走到另一边去fall in love with sb爱上某人couldn’t stop doing sth=couldn’t helpdoing sth, 忍不住的做某事all over the world 世界各地be/get married 结婚be/get married to sb和某人结婚marry sb 嫁给某人marry sb to sb把某人嫁给某人a fairy tale 一个神话故事sound stupid/silly 听起来愚蠢cheat sb 欺骗某人Make a special clothes for sb. 为某人制作特殊的衣服23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事the whole family=all the family全家人something else 一些别的东西25. make a plan to do sth.筹划/计划做某事make a plan for sth/doing sth为(做)某事制定计划go to sleep 去睡觉not……until直到…才……lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地never mind不要紧;没关系get lost=be lost 迷路29. change one’s plan 改变计划30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事lived near a forest 生活在森林边31. in the moonlight 在月光下32. find one’ s way home找到某人回家的路33. the next day 第二天34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地hear the voice of an old woman听到老年女士的声音so... that 如此… …以至于…the house make of bread, cake andcandy由面包,蛋糕和糖制成的房子day after day and year after year日复一日,年复一年二、重点句型1. What do you think about/of.. . ?So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?【版权所有:21教育】2. It doesn’t seem adj . to do sth ..It doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain.把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。3. This is because...This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。4. so… that+从句Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear.有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。5. It take sb. some time to do sth ..Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side.这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。6 .… not.. .. util十从句Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest.你们到达森林之后才能吃。书面表达为了进一步增强中学生的安全意识,提高自我保护能力,某校开展了以安全为主题的英语演讲比赛。请你根据以下要点提示写一篇演讲稿。注意:1)内容必须包括所给的要点,可适当发挥;2)语句通顺,意思连贯,表达清楚,书写规范;3) 80词左右, 开头已给出,不计入总词数;4)参考词汇:be careful, on line, in danger, call...for, go badHow to keep safe?As teenagers, we should always keep ourselves safe.. But how can we keep safe? Here are some of my ideas. First, we should be careful when we make friends, especially on line. Second, if we are in danger, we must call the police for help in time so that we can keep ourselves safe. Also,we should eat healthily and safely. Eating bad food will not good to our health. Last, when we come to school or go home, we must obey the traffic rules.Summer is coming, and we must remember it's dangerous to swim in the river.In one word, safety must be the first thing !Thank you!Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world?一、重点短语1. be…in size=have/has an area of(在尺寸、大小方面)有多大as big as 与……一样大2. one of the oldest countries最古老的国家之一one of the world’s most dangerous sports 最危险的运动之一1025 meters deep 1025米深feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事has the biggest population拥有最多的人口the population of china中国的人口as far as I know 据我所知the ancient emperor 古代的皇帝the Ming dynasty 明朝(代)as you can see,..正如你所看见的,…5. man-made objects 人造物体6. part of... ...... 的组成部分7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉8. in the world 在世界上9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山10. of all the salt lakes在所有的咸水湖中11. run along 跨越… …12. freezing weather •冰冻的天气thick clouds厚厚的云层13. take in air 呼吸空气14. the first people to do sth.第一个做某事的人risk one’s life to do sth =risk one’s life in doing sth. 某人舍弃生命做某事in the face of difficulties 面临危险challenge myself 挑战自我16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事17. achieve one’ s dream实现某人的梦想18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量19. reach the top 到达顶峰20. even though 虽然;尽管weigh many times more than this panda 比这只熊猫重很多倍at birth 在出生的时候live up to活到达(数量)岁时an adult panda 成年熊猫a baby panda 熊猫宝宝at the Chengdu Research Base在成都大熊猫研究基地the other panda keepers其他的熊猫饲养员be awake 醒着prepare sth for sb=prepare sb sth.为……做准备23. run over with excitement兴奋地跑过去walk into sb. 撞到某人in the remaining forests在剩下的森林里25. fall over 摔倒be special to sb对某人特别take care of 照顾;照料another 200 or so还有大约200左右catch whales for meat, fat and oil为肉,脂肪和油而捕鲸27. every two years •每两年die from illness 死于疾病28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木29. endangered animals 濒危动物30. fewer and fewer pandas大熊猫越来越少31. be in danger 处于危险之中32. the importance of saving these animals拯救这些动物的重要性jump out of the water 跳出水面stop putting rubbish into the sea停止往大海里丢垃圾二、重点句型1. It is -/~adj. + (fo r sb. ) to do sth.It is also very hard to take in a ir as you get near the top.当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。21·世纪*教育网2 . . . . is because...One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。  21*cnjy*com3 . . . . show(s) that...The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。The main reason was to protect their part of the country.主要原因是为了保卫他们部分的国土5. Although. “ ,…Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。6. sb. spend tim e/money doing sth.Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo.成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约2-1-c-n-j-y书面表达我国是大熊猫生存的唯一之地, 然而他们正面临灭绝的危险。你认为我们该采取哪些措施来保护他们。写一篇70词左右的短文表达你的观点。提示:处于困境:人们大量砍伐树木来建农田和盖房; 竹子越来越少;人们为皮毛二捕杀大熊猫;采取措施:建立自然保护区; 不买皮毛制的衣服;最后结果:大熊猫会越来越多提示词:fur 皮毛reserve 保护区hunt 猎杀What can we do to protect the Pandas?The Pandas live only in China. However they are endangered animals. One of reasons is people are cutting down many trees to build their houses. And the bamboo is becoming less and less. another reason is people have hunted a lot of pandas for their fur.I think we should do something to protect The Pandas.for example.we should we should set up Nature Reserve.We should not buy fur clothesIf we can do these ,I think The pandas will be more and more.Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?一、重点短语1. Treasure Island 《金银岛》Robinson Crusoe 《鲁滨逊漂流记》Olive Twist 《雾都孤儿》Tom Sawyer 《汤姆·索亚历险记》Little Women 《小妇人》Alice in Wonderland《爱丽丝梦游仙境》on page 25 在第2 5 页2. the back of the book 书的背面3. hurry up =in a hurry 赶快;匆忙4. due in two weeks 在两周后到期due to 由于…;因为…be due to do sth,预期做某事5. go out to sea 出海6. an island fu ll of treasures一个满是宝藏的岛屿7. w rite about 写作关于……的内容8. finish doing sth. 做完某事9. wait for another ship等待另一艘船到来bring back… 带回……10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事11. grow fruits and vegetables种水果和蔬菜12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前13. the marks of another man’ s feet另一个人的脚印not long after that 不久之后Who else其他的人15. run towards sp. 跑向某地16. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事17. signs left behind by someone某人留下的标记18. read the newspaper 看报19. science fiction 科幻小说20. can’ t wait to do sth.迫不及待地做某事21. a good way to wake up醒来的一个好办法22. number of people 人数23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事fight over sth. with sb为…与某人争吵study abroad 在国外学习a song full of feelings充满情感的歌25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事26. come to realize 开始意识到a fan of American country music美国乡村音乐之迷27. ever since then 自从那时起28. the southern states of America美国的南部地区the home of country music乡村音乐之乡;乡村音乐发源地belong to 属于bring sb back to sp将某人带回某地30. be kind to each other 善待彼此31. trust one another 互相信任32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美33. have been to sp. 去过某地34. do some research on sth.对……做研究one of the most successful musician inAmerican history 美国历史上最成功的音乐家之一hope to do sth. 希望做某事introduce sb to sb把某人介绍给某人37. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事38. the first line in the song歌曲的第一行39. enjoy success in享受……的成功40. at the end of the day傍晚的时候二、重点句型1. Have you….. yet?Have you read Little Women yet?你读过《小妇人》吗?Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t.是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。2. Has... yet?Has T in a read Treasure Island yet?蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗?Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic.是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。3. Would you lik e ... ?Would you like something to drink?你要来点喝的吗?4. I heard...I heard you lost your key.我听说你丢钥匙了。5. . . . came to realize how m uch...She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them.她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。三、书面表达请以主人的身份向外国朋友介绍一下北京和北京几个著名的景点。根据以下提示写一篇短文:1.北京是一个历史悠久的城市;21世纪教育网2.北京有许多名胜古迹;(.There are many places of interest in……)21教育网3.紫禁城是最受来宾欢迎的景点之一;4.故宫非常漂亮和著名;[来源:21世纪教育网]5.长城也是非常美丽可去一看的地方;6.天安门广场是一个好去处,可去漫步。注意:(1)词数80左右;(2)请不要逐字翻译,可适当添加细节,使行文连贯、意思完整、符合逻辑;(3)参考词汇:紫禁城 The Forbidden City,故宫 The Summer Palace,天安门广场 Tian’anmen SquareBeijing is a city with a long history. There are many places of interest in it. Now let me tell you some of them. The Forbidden City is one of the most popular places for visitors. It is very big and you can learn much about the history of China from it. The Summer Palace is beautiful and famous, too. The Great Wall is also a wonderful place to go. And Tian’anmen Square is a good place for people to take a walk. Tf you visit Beijing, you will enjoy yourself.Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?一、重点短语1. at night在夜晚in a more natural environment在一个更加自然的环境中2. all year round一年到头;终年be far from 离……远not too far from sp 距离某地不太远in the dark 在黑暗中in the past 在过去have been to sp. 去过某地science museum 科学博物馆history museum 历史博物馆amusement park 游乐园go somewhere different去不同的地方go skating 去滑冰take the subway 坐地铁a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon一个过周六下午的好方法21cnjy.comall the old movie cameras所有的古老的电影摄影机learn about sth.解有关….的情况on the weekend 在周末lead sb. to do sth.引导某人做某事lead to 导致;产生camp in the mountains在大山里露营put up a tent搭帐篷in such a rapid way以如此迅猛的方式an unusual museum一个不寻常的博物馆different kinds of各种各样的so many different kinds of toilets如此不同种类的坐便器development of toilets 厕所的发展social groups 社会团体encourage sb. to do sth鼓励某人做某事encourage sb in sth.在某方面鼓励某人the tea art performances茶艺表演a relaxing and peaceful place near a lake 一个休闲而安静的地方【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea sets用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶www-2-1-cnjy-coma nice place to enjoy tea一个品茶的好地方right now=at the moment立刻;马上an amusement park with a special theme 一个特别的主题游乐园thousands of 数以千计的walk around the park在公园四处走动International Museum of Toilets国际厕所博物馆the Terracotta Army 兵马俑in Southeast Asia在东南亚take a holiday 度假Night Safari 夜间动物园more than three quarters of the population 超过四分之三的人口21·cn·jy·coman English-speaking country一个讲英语的国家a good place to practice your English一个练习你的英语的好地方have problem doing sth.做某事很困难during the daytime在白天a couple of times 好几次It is the best to do sth. 最好做某事one great thing about sp is that……关于某地一个不错的事情是…choose to do sth.选择做某事hear of 听说make notes=take notes 做笔记take a ride兜风another province另一个省the Bird’s Nest鸟巢on the one hand... on the other hand.一方面,另一方面二、重点句型1. Have you ever been to... ?Have you ever been to a science museum?你曾经去过科学博物馆吗?2. Let’s.……Let’s go somewhere different today.我们今天去个不同的地方吧。3. It’s~\~adj. +that...It’s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way!www.21-cn-jy.com科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊!4. Whether..., you,11...Whether you like Indian food,Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品、西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!2·1·c·n·j·y5. One great thing. . is that. .One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。21教育名师原创作品6. It is best to do sth..It is best to visit Singapore...最好……游览新加坡。三、书面表达写作要求:写一篇80字的文章描述你的家乡或者你去过的地方。1. 词数80左右;2.文中不能出现作者本人的真实信息3. 你可运用的句型:Have you ever tried/seen/been…?If you…, you will/can…You should…One great thing about …is…I have been to Hainan IslandI have ever been to Hainan Island .I went there last summer.Have you ever been to Hainan Island? It is the second largest island in China. It’s a beautiful place. If you go there, you should walk along the beaches. The weather in Hainan is very hot, so people like doing many water sports, such as scuba diving (潜水), fishing, swimming, surfing and boating. One great thing about Hainan is that you can try many kinds of sweet fruit in Hainan. If you go to Hainan, I’m sure you will enjoy yourself21*cnjy*comUnit 10 I ’ve had this bike for three years.一、重点短语have a yard sale 进行庭院拍卖会it is hard to do sth.做某事是困难的these days 目前;现在more than 10 years 十多年regard with great interest以极大的兴趣关注着in order to 为了a couple of months 两个月so far 迄今;到现在为止not.. anymore=no more 不再……welcome to sp 欢迎来到 … :check out 察看;观察board games 棋类游戏one last thing 最后一样东西the article written by a father父亲写的文章junior high school 初 级 中 学grow up fast 成长得快seem to get smaller 似乎变小clear out 清理no longer=not any long(时间)不再toy monkey 玩具猴since his 4th birthday从他4岁生日那天起part with 与……分开to be honest 说实在的ride a bike 骑自行车as for sb 对于某人来说one’s old things 某人的旧东西bring back sweet memories勾起甜美的回忆give old things away to people in need把旧东西捐赠给需要帮助的人play for a while 玩一会儿some of the special places一些特别的地方do with... 处置;处理been around 一直在…at least 20 years 起码(至少)20年leave the countryside 离开农村search for work 找工作once or twice a year 每年1~2次a 46-year-old husband and father以为46岁的父亲for the last 13 years 在过去13年里with a hard job in a crayon factory带一份在彩色蜡笔厂艰难的工作the mid-20th century 20世纪中期at least once a year 至少每年一次for almost three years 几乎3年it’s a shame 实在遗憾in many places 在许多地方learn to read and count学会阅读和数数at my old primary school在我原来的小学Since the mid-20th century自从20世纪中期以来stay the same 保持原状;依然如故according to 依据;按照in my hometown 在我的家乡opposite the school=across from school在学校对面during the summer holidays在暑假期间in one’s opinion 依……看such a happy childhood如此快乐的童年in my time 在我那个年代close to three years 接近三年32. give me many memories激起我许多的回忆Write about a story 写故事from childhood 从儿时起二、重点句型1. How long have you... ?How long have you had that bike over there?那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了? 21世纪教育网版权所有2. sb. has/have done sth. for...Amy has had her favorite book for three years. 艾米拥有她最喜欢的书3 年了。【来源:21cnj*y.co*m】3. sb. has/have done sth. since...He’s owned it since his fourth birthday.自他4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。4. Some… Others...一些…,另一些…Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year.有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。【出处:21教育名师】5. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest,I have not played for a while now.至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。6. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things?你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?7. What would you do with the money you raise?你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?三、书面表达请根据下面提示,用英语写一篇短文。提示:1.家乡风貌和人们生活的变化。2.作为一名即将升入九年级的学生,应该做到遵守规章制度,努力学习,与同学友好相处,参加体育活动。要求:1.可自由发挥,词数70左右。2.短文开头已给出,不计入总词数。提示词:change, new buildings, be proud of, should, obey, rules, be friendly to, do sports.These years, our hometown and schools have changed a lot. Our lives are getting better and better. There are more and more new buildings in our hometown. We are proud of our country. What should we do to make our country richer and stronger。 As students, I think we should obey the school rules and study hard. And we should be friendly to each other. We must do sports to keep healthy, such as playing basketball, playing football, running and so on.2【来源
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