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doc Unit 3 Under the sea话题词汇1.sea n.海2.ocean n.海洋3.explorer n.探险家4.coastline n.海岸线5.water resource 水资源6.water pollution 水污染7.water shortage 水匮乏8.take up 占据9.protect.from (doing).保护……免受……10.cope with 处理话题佳作假如你是李晓华,住在江城。你的加拿大笔友 Bob来信谈到了他所居住的城市,并希望了解你的家乡江城的情况。请你用英语给他写一封回信。回信须包括下表中的内容。自然状况 位于长江边,风景优美,适合居住。成就1.经济发展迅速;2.新建了不少工厂、住房、道路等。存在的问题 1.水、空气污染; 2.交通拥挤等。对江城发展的看法 ……(内容自拟)佳作欣赏Dear Bob,It’s very kind of you to write me and tell me about your beautiful city.Now I’d like to say something about my hometown Jiangcheng.Standing on the bank of the Changjiang River,the city is a beautiful place for people to live in.Its economy has been developing rapidly.New factories,houses and roads have been built.However,there are still some problems,such as water and air pollution and heavy traffic.In my opinion,Jiangcheng should develop its economy scientifically and the growth of its population should be brought under control so that we’ll have a better hometown in future.Yours,Li Xiaohua名师点睛本文思路清晰,用词丰富准确,使用句式灵活多变。恰当地运用了多种时态和语态,如现在完成进行时、现在完成时的被动语态等;同时使用了现在分词作状语、动词不定式作后置定语及结果状语从句等高级表达;however,in one’s opinion,such as等衔接词汇的运用都使文章流畅、自然。A.写作必记单词1.witness vt.当场见到;目击; n.目击者;证人;证据(1)a witness to.……的证人(证据)bear witness to为……作证;证明(2)She witnessed to having seen the man enter the building.她作证说,她看见这个人进入了那建筑物。(3)The 1980s have witnessed increasing(increase) unemployment.用法点拨witness后接动词作宾语时,该动词要用动名词形式。2.pause vi. it has become the new mascot for the Ugly Animal Preservation Society,an organization whose purpose is to preserve endangered ugly animals.“We’ve needed an ugly face for endangered ugly animals for a long time and I’ve been amazed by the public reaction, ” said the Society’s Simon Watt.“For too long cute animals have taken the limelight(风头) but now the blobfish will be a voice for those who always get forgotten.” They hope this new face will help the world know that we need to help preserve the populations of ugly animals too.语篇解读 文章主要介绍了世界上最丑的动物——水滴鱼以及动物保护协会把它列为新的吉祥物,目的是让人们保护这种濒危的丑陋动物。1.The biggest difference between the blobfish and most other fishes is that the blobfish .A.cannot be eaten by peopleB.don’t have a swim bladderC.only live at high sea levelsD.aren’t active in catching food答案 B解析 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Most fishes have a swim bladder”及第四段中的“The blobfish don’t have a swim bladder”可知水滴鱼与其他鱼的最大区别是它没有鱼鳔。故选 B。2.What makes the blobfish stay afloat?A.Their skin. B.Their tail.C.Their mouth. D.Their swim bladder.答案 A解析 细节理解题。由第四段第一句“The blobfish don’t have a swim bladder because their skin works the same way.”可知,水滴鱼的皮肤的工作方式和绝大多数鱼的鱼鳔的工作方式相同。故选 A。3.We can learn from what Simon Watt said that .A.most ugly animals are in dangerB.the population of the blobfish is increasingC.the blobfish have attracted the public’s attentionD.people knew nothing about the blobfish in the past答案 C解析 推理判断题。由最后一段 Simon Watt说的话可知,水滴鱼作为长得丑的濒危物种,会让全世界人注意到它们,并保护它们免于灭绝。故选 C。4.What is the purpose of the passage?A.To discuss the importance of preserving animals.B.To give the reason for starting an organization.C.To present the results of a survey.D.To introduce a special animal.答案 D解析 写作意图题。文章主要介绍了世界上最丑的动物——水滴鱼,以及动物保护协会把它列为新的吉祥物,目的是让人们保护濒危的丑陋动物。故选 D。Ⅱ.七选五(2016·北京)The Science of Risk­SeekingSometimes we decide that a little unnecessary danger is worth it because when we weigh the risk and the reward,the risk seems worth taking. 1 Some of us enjoy activities that would surprise and scare the rest of us.Why? Experts say it may have to do with how our brains work.The reason why any of us take any risks at all might have to do with early humans.Risk­takers were better at hunting,fighting ,or exploring. 2 As the quality of risk­taking was passed from one generation to the next,humans ended up with a sense of adventure and a tolerance for risk.So why aren’t we all jumping out of airplanes then? Well,even 200,000 years ago,too much risk­taking could get one killed.A few daring survived,though,along with a few stay­in­the­cave types.As a result,humans developed a range of character types that still exists today.So maybe you love car racing,or maybe you hate it. 3 No matter where you are on the risk­seeking range,scientists say that your willingness to take risks increases during your teenage years. 4 To help you do that,your brain increases your hunger for new experiences.New experiences often mean taking some risks,so your brain raises your tolerance for risk as well.5 For the risk­seekers,a part of the brain related to pleasure becomes active,while for the rest of us,a part of the brain related to fear becomes active.As experts continue to study the science of risk­seeking,we’ll continue to hit the mountains,the waves or the shallow end of the pool.A.It all depends on your character.B.Those are the risks you should jump to take.C.Being better at those things meant a greater chance of survival.D.Thus,these well­equipped people survived because they were the fittest.E.This is when you start to move away from your family and into the bigger world.F.However,we are not all using the same reference standard to weigh risks and rewards.G.New brain research suggests our brains work differently when we face a nervous situation.语篇解读 本文是一篇议论文。生活中人们对冒险的态度各不相同,有些人热爱冒险,有些人却避而远之。专家说这是因为我们的大脑工作方式不同。另外,科学研究表明,这些表现也与人类的早期活动有关。1.答案 F解析 根据空前面的“weigh the risk and the reward”可以看出和 F项中的“weigh risks and rewards”对应,同时 F项与空格前面的一句话之间是转折关系,句意衔接紧密,故选 F项。2.答案 C解析 根据空前面的“better at hunting,fishing,or exploring”可以看出和 C项中的“Being better at those things”相呼应。故选 C项。3.答案 A解析 空格前第二句中出现 character types与 A选项中的 character相对应;空格前一句中的 you 与选项中的 your在人称上保持一致;空格前一句中动词 love与 hate和 A选项中的 depends on对应,故选 A项。4.答案 E解析 空格前一句出现了 teenager years 与 E选项当中的 this 相对,另外 E选项当中提到“move away from family into the bigger world”也是对空格前一句中的 teenager years的解释。故选 E项。5.答案 G解析 空格后一句中提及 pleasure和 fear,是从正反两方面进行对比,对应 G项中的differently,再根据空格后一句中出现的 risk­seeker,brain,us 等词与选项 G中的nervous situation,our brains 相对应,故选 G项。Ⅲ.完形填空(2017·广西桂林中学月考)It was no wonder I was not looking forward to entering the ninth grade.High school is well known for being a battleground,where everyone seems to be 1 through physical changes and emotional mood swings(情绪波动).For me, 2 was my punishment.I had always 3 insecure and out of place as one of the 4 members of my class,standing a head above the other girls and standing at the 5 of the line to avoid sticking 6 .I especially hate being around large groups of 7 ,like during the social hour after services at my church. 8 the prayers were finished,I would 9 as quickly as possible so I could 10 some well­meaning congratulations, “Ruthie! Look how tall you’re getting!”My grandfather would watch me 11 increasingly uncomfortable,but he did not 12 at my self­consciousness(自我意识) or try to comfort me. 13 ,he would remind me.“Stand 14 and tall, ” he would say,as I 15 tried to shrink(缩) myself.Even at age 15,I understood that his advice was about 16 than just feet and inches.My grandfather 17 in war­torn Europe.When German soldiers 18 his hometown,he joined the army to 19 his country’s freedom.“Stand straight,stand tall, ” 20 something else back then.语篇解读 作者因为个头太高而深感自卑,可是祖父却告诉她要站直了,这使作者体会到“做人要勇敢,遇到困难要挺直身躯勇敢面对,坚定信念相信自己”的道理。1.A.getting B.puttingC.looking D.going答案 D解析 句意为:高中因为是一个战场而闻名,在这里每个人都要经历身体的变化和情绪的波动。go through 经历,故选 D项。2.A.age B.weightC.height D.face答案 C解析 根据下文中的“standing a head above the other girls, ”“Ruthie!Look how tall you’re getting!” , “I tried to shrink(缩) myself”可知,此处指对于我来说,身高就是我的噩梦,故选 C项。3.A become B goneC.placed D.felt答案 D解析 根据下文中的“watch me increasing by uncomfortable”可知,我一直没有安全感。feel insecure 感觉不安全,故选 D项。4.A.fatter B.tallerC.thinner D.shorter答案 B解析 根据空后的“standing a head above the other girls”可知,选 B项。5.A.head B.endC.front D.side答案 B解析 女孩儿比较高,根据常识可知,在排队时高个子的往往要站队伍后边,因此她应该站在后面。故选 B项。6.A.to B.offC.up D.out答案 D解析 根据常识可知,女孩儿个子高,站在队伍的最后面就是为了避免显得突兀,故选 D项。7.A.people B.girlsC.teachers D.students答案 A解析 根据后半句“like during the social hour after services at my church”可知,在教堂里祷告的人可以是各领域的人,包括女孩们,教师和学生。故选 A项。8.A.Until B.UnlessC.Once D.While答案 C解析 句意为:祷告一做完,我总是尽快离开教堂,这样就能避开其他人善意的祝贺, “鲁丝!看你又长个儿了!”故选 C项。9.A.leave B.comeC.stop D.walk答案 A解析 见上题解析。故选 A项。10.A.accept B.receiveC.avoid D.refuse答案 C解析 祷告一做完,作者总是尽快离开教堂,她这样做的目的是为了避开其他人说她又高了。故选 C项。11.A.make B.moveC.turn D.become答案 D解析 句意为:我的祖父看到我变得越来越不安,但并不会嘲笑我或安慰我。故选 D项。12.A.look B.stareC.smile D.laugh答案 D解析 见上题解析。laugh at sb.嘲笑某人,故选 D项。13.A.Instead B.BesidesC.However D.Therefore答案 A解析 句意为:相反,他会提醒我。当我想缩起身子时,他会说:“挺直腰板站直了。 ”故选 A项。14.A.back B.straightC.up D.by答案 B解析 根据文章最后一句中的“Stand straight,stand tall, ”可知,选 B项。15.A.satisfactorily B.happilyC.unsuccessfully D.unwillingly答案 C解析 根据上下文可知,当别人说作者高时,她想缩起身子,但并不成功。故选 C项。16.A.other B.moreC.less D.rather答案 B解析 根据最后一段可知,作者明白祖父的建议不仅仅指的是身高。more than just不仅仅,故选 B项。17.A.grew up B.workedC.died D.travelled答案 A解析 句意为:祖父是在战火纷争的欧洲长大的。故选 A项。18.A.helped B.developedC.occupied D.visited答案 C解析 根据本段中的 war­torn及 freedom可知,当时德国军队占领了祖父的家乡。故选 C项。19.A.look after B.fight forC.work with D.stay with答案 B解析 当时德国军队占领了祖父的家乡,他参军是为国家的自由而战斗。fight for为……而战斗。故选 B项。20.A.meant B.advisedC.carried D.included答案 A解析 句意为:“挺起腰板站直了。 ”在当时有不一样的含义。mean 意味着。故选 A项。Ⅰ.词汇拓展1.ugly adj.丑陋的;难看的;有敌意的2.weigh v.称……的重量;权衡;重量为(1)weight n.重;重量(2)by weight按重量put on/lose weight 体重增加/减少3.at the bottom of 在……底部(1)Brenda found her husband at the bottom of the stairs and called 911.Brenda发现自己的丈夫躺在楼梯的下面,并拨打了 911。(2)You have all been a great source of pleasure and pride for me and I want you to know I love you all from the bottom of my heart(衷心地).4.serve one’s purpose 适合需要/要求;令人满意(1)on purpose故意地(2)She came here with the purpose of seeing her husband.(填介词)→Her purpose in coming here was to see her husband.(同义句转换)5.put forth 提出;发表6.stick out 伸出;坚持stick to坚持;遵守Ⅱ.句式升级1.All they do is stay and wait for crabs or lobsters to come by.(改为含有主语从句的复合句)→What they do is stay and wait for crabs or lobsters to come by.2.No matter where you are on the risk­seeking range,scientists say that your willingness to take risks increases during your teenage years.(同义句转换)→Wherever you are on the risk­seeking range,scientists say that your willingness to take risks increases during your teenage years.Ⅰ.单句语法填空1.It was a change that took place without being noticed(notice) though it was of the extreme importance.(2015·江苏)2.They should abandon playing(play) computer games and cheating in the exams.(2015·广东)3.It was a fun thing but I was scared(scare) from the start.(2016·天津)4.Frozen fish isn’t as tasty(taste) as the fresh one.(2016·全国Ⅲ)5.The author urges readers to consider (consider) the role of elevators in city development.(2014·湖北)6.These days the industry’s most urgent(urge) question may be how to control the flow of tourists.(2014·陕西)7.Your performance as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on how you learn.8.The way most of us spend our mornings is exactly opposite to the conditions that promote flexible,open­minded thinking.9.It was April 29,2011when Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony.10.I can still remember how long it took to polish the legs of our coffee table.(2016·浙江)Ⅱ.运用本单元所学短语完成下列片段Yesterday I 11.was about to leave(正要离开) when I 12.witnessed a terrible accident(目睹了一场可怕的事故),which almost 13.scared me to death(吓死我).Worse still,the car 14.fled from the scene(逃离现场).I 15.got close to(靠近) the injured and 16.became aware of(意识到) the importance of giving first aid.Fortunately,the injured were 17.helped out(使脱离困境) of danger with the help of doctors and nurses.Ⅲ.完成句子18.他生活在一个盲人不能接受太多教育的时代。(2015·重庆)He lived in a time when the blind couldn’t get much education.19.汤姆刚要关窗,这时他的注意力被一只鸟吸引。Tom was about to close the window when his attention was caught by a bird.20.按时缴纳电费很重要,因为逾期缴纳可能会影响你的信用。(2016·浙江)It is important to pay your electricity bill on time,as late payments may affect your credit.21.在家听音乐是一回事,去现场听正在被演奏的音乐完全是另外一回事。(2015·浙江)Listening to music at home is one thing,going to hear it being performed live is quite another.22.作为一名警察,我知道有了暴力,吸毒也就接踵而至。As a policeman,I saw where there was violence,drugs were always behind it.Ⅳ.阅读理解A(2017·吉林梅河口五中段考) Dolphins(海豚) are not fish,but warm­blooded animals.They live in groups,and speak to each other in their own language.In this way they are like other animals,such as bees and birds.But dolphins are very different from almost all land animals.Their brain is nearly the same size as our own,and they live a long time—at least twenty or thirty years.Like some animals,dolphins use sound to help them find their way around.They also make these sounds to talk to each other and to help them find food.We now know they do not use their ears to receive these sounds,but the lower part of the mouth,called the jaw.Strangely,dolphins seem to like man,and for thousands of years there have been stories about the dolphin and its friendship with people.There is a story about sailors in the 19th century.In a dangerous part of the sea off the coast of New Zealand,they learnt to look for a dolphin called Jack.From 1871 to 1903 Jack met every boat in the area and showed it the way.Then in 1903 a passenger on a boat called The Penguin shot and wounded Jack.He recovered and for nine years more continued to guide all ships through the area—except for The Penguin.Today,some people continue to kill dolphins, but many countries of the world now protect them and in these places it is against the law to kill them.语 篇 解 读 本 文 介 绍 了 海 豚 的 情 况 , 并 举 例 说 明 海 豚 是 人 类 的 朋 友 。23.Dolphins are different from many other animals in that they .A.live in groupsB.have large brainsC.are warm­bloodedD.have their own language答案 B解析 细节理解题。根据文章第一段最后两句中的“But dolphins are very different from almost all land animals.Their brain is nearly the same size as our own,.”可知正确答案为 B项。24.Which of the following does the dolphin use to help it find its way around?A.Its nose. B.Its ears.C.Its mouth. D.Its eyes.答案 C解析 细节理解题。由第二段可知正确答案为 C项。25.Why did the sailors off the coast of New Zealand look for Jack?A.He was lonely and liked to be with people.B.They enjoyed playing with him.C.He was seriously wounded.D.They wanted his help.答案 D解析 推理判断题。由倒数第二段可知正确答案为 D项。26.By telling the story of Jack, the writer wanted to show that .A.Jack is different from other dolphinsB.people are cruel to animalsC.dolphins are friendly and cleverD.dolphins should be protected by law答案 C解析 推理判断题。全文都在讲海豚的聪明与友好,所以正确答案是 C;其他三个选项不能涵盖全文,只是文章的一个细节。B(2017·河南息县一中段考)Robots are being used for the first time in hospitals.“Robot­nurses” perform a variety of tasks such as delivering medicine,food and laboratory samples to sickrooms and taking away waste.Patients aren’t treated by robots,as this is still done by medical staff.The idea is to employ robots to transport supplies between departments.“Nurses often have to break off from what they are doing to gather supplies, ” says Peter Seiff,who makes the robots called TUGs.Research shows any interruption in medical work can lead to errors—a nurse may forget whether she has given medicine and may give a patient double the dose(剂量) or none at all.The r

(全国用)2018版高考英语大一轮复习 Unit 3 Under the sea教师用书 新人教版选修7.doc

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