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doc 2019-2020年高考英语一轮复习第一部分教材重点全程攻略Unit5Thepowerofnature限时规范特训新人教版选修 Ⅰ.阅读理解 A [xx·长沙一模]Evidence of violent storms that destroyed a lost town known as Britain's Atlantis has been uncovered. The finds were uncovered off the coast of Dunwich, Suffolk—a small village which in the 11th century was one of the largest towns in England. The town was hit by a series of storms in the 13th and 14th centuries and is now largely below the sea. Researchers said sediment (沉积物) gathered from the cliffs independently proved the historical record. “They were like the south coast storms of xx, at least once a year for decades,” Professor David Sear, of the University of Southampton, said. The three­year research on Dunwich has been funded by Touching the Tide, a £900,000 Heritage Lottery Fund plan to explore the changing Suffolk coast. A diver used ultrasound (超声波) to “illuminate” findings on the seabed, and the marshes (沼泽) and eroding cliffs were surveyed. “It offers a marvelous history of climate change and coastal erosion,” said Prof. Sear with regard to the findings. In the 11th century, Dunwich was the 10th largest town in England, but now has about 120 residents. Two great storms in 1286 and 1326 resulted in the loss of its harbour and started its decline. Prof. Sear said analysis showed how people gave up on Dunwich after 1338, when another great storm choked up the port for good, and food production declined. “Sediment gathered from the cliffs,” he said, “independently confirmed the sequences of storms recorded in the historical record.” The underwater research has been carried out using acoustic (声音的) imaging technology, and has unearthed a series of buildings. We found the ruins of about four churches and we've also found ruins of what we think was a toll house. We've also found shipwrecks (沉船), which no one's known before. A dig in xx discovered evidence of Dunwich's prehistoric origins, as well as evidence that it was a prosperous Saxon port, prior to its rapid growth following the Norman invasion. Bill Jenman, from Touching the Tide, said,“We found loads of pottery, a lot more than we've found before, sort of High Medieval—the peak of the wealth of Dunwich. We know it was a fairly major town in the Anglo­Saxon period.” 篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。文章讲述了研究人员发现了十一世纪英国最大的城镇之一Dunwich被猛烈的暴风雨摧毁的新证据。 1.Evidence shows that Dunwich declined in history due to________. A.the rise of sea level B.sediment from the cliff C.the Norman invasion D.a series of storms 答案:D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“The town was hit by a series of storms in the 13th and 14th centuries and is now largely below the sea.”可知,这个小镇是被暴风雨摧毁的。 2.What can be learned from the text about Dunwich's present condition? A.It is pletely below the sea. B.It still exists with about 120 residents. C.It is still hit by storms every year. D.It is still an important port in England. 答案:B 细节理解题。根据第八段中的“In the 11th century, Dunwich was the 10th largest town in England, but now has about 120 residents.”可知,此地现在只有大约120名居民。故答案为B。 3.From the discoveries, we can conclude that ________. A.Dunwich was thoroughly ruined by the Norman invaders B.no one believed those ships could have sunk at Dunwich C.Dunwich was a prosperous town before its decline D.no historical records about Dunwich were kept after 1338 答案:C 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段及最后一段最后一句可推知,在衰落之前,Dunwich是一个繁荣的城镇。 B Wildfires and heat waves have been troubling the states of California and Arizona this year. Since xx, about 6.4 million acres have been burned on average per year. Recent studies have stated that global warming is the cause of these wildfires and higher temperatures, and that the incidence of these natural disasters is likely to increase. As temperatures increase, wildfires bee more mon. As this cycle progresses, climate change and wildfires both increase frequently and seriously. Forest fires are also developing at higher frequencies as a result of global warming. Firefighters use techniques like back­burning to help prevent further spread of these fires, but these measures are not always effective. Some factors that promote wildfires, such as drought and insect outbreaks, have been linked to global warming as well. Insects that kill trees and other plants make the remains more sensitive to fires, as the plant matter dries out and can more easily be burned. Higher temperatures that result from climate change cause more water to evaporate (蒸发) from reservoirs and lakes, which can lead to drought. With global warming causing higher temperatures, the wildfire seasons of affected areas lengthen. This occurs because summer heat begins to build earlier in the year, and the cooling fall season is delayed. For forests in the southwest United States, the conclusion of snow's melting indicates the time when fires are able to start. Climate change has caused the melting of snow to occur earlier than it did 50 years ago by about one to four weeks. The global warming trend has hit Southern California extremely hard, and the months of January through April have been hotter this year than they have been for any others in recorded history. This has also caused a drought which has been severe or worse for the entire state. Last year, drought affected only 46 percent of California. With the results from these recent studies, global warming has been linked to an environment that promotes wildfires, by creating higher temperatures and causing drought. California's wildfire season is just­starting, and the damages are likely to be worse as the season continues. 篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。全文主要讲述了全球变暖给地球的气候和环境带来的一系列灾难性影响。如导致干旱和虫灾,从而更易引发森林大火。 4.What does the author intend to tell in the passage? A.Global warming causes high temperatures and wildfires. B.Forest fires have been bringing serious threat to the earth. C.High temperatures make water disappear at a high speed. D.California and Arizona are faced with the extreme weather. 答案:A 推理判断题。作者在文章中主要讲述了地球变暖给加利福尼亚州和亚利桑那州的气候环境带来的危害,其中包括气温升高、旱灾、虫灾、山火频发等。故选A项。 5.Why ar

2019-2020年高考英语一轮复习第一部分教材重点全程攻略Unit5Thepowerofnature限时规范特训新人教版选修.doc

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