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文档内容摘要
doc 2019-2020年高中英语第二册上Unit1Makingadifference-ThefifthPeriod Teaching Aims: Summarize the usages of the Infinitive. Teaching Important Points: 1. Let the students master the verbs followed directly by the infinitive and the verbs followed by the object and the Infinitive as the object plement without “to”. 2. Let the students master the Infinitive as Adverbial 3. Let the students master the Infinitive as Attribute. Teaching Difficult Points: 1. Help the students master the following sentence patterns: It is+adj./n. +for sb./of sb. to do sth. Sub. +v. +it+adj./n. +to do sth. 2. The Perfect Infinitive and the Passive Infinitive. 3. The Negative Form of the Infinitive. Teaching Methods. review, explanation and inductive methods Teaching Aids: 1. a slide projector 2. the blackboard Teaching Procedures: Step I Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step Ⅱ Revision T: Today we'll review the Infinitive. (Bb: The Infinitive) First let's do an exercise. Fill in the blanks with the best answer. (Show the exercise on the screen.) Choose the best answers. 1. We agreed here but so far she hasn't turned up get. A. having meet B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 2. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 3. When I handed the report to John, he said that George was the person A. to send B. for sending it C. to sent it to D. for sending it to T: Now look at the screen. I'll ask three of you to tell the answers one by one. Any volunteers? S1: The first answer is C. S2: The second answer is A. S3: The third answer is C. T: Well done! Sit down please. Who can tell me the function of each Infinitive in the three sentences? S4: I can.… Suggested answers: 1. Object 2. Object plement 3. Attribute Step Ⅲ Explanation and Summary T: As we all know, the Infinitive is used as the object of the verb “agree” in the first sentence. Now can you think of any other verbs followed by the infinitive as their objects? Ss: Afford, arrange, ask, beg, choose, decide, expect, fail, hope, manage, offer, pretend, promise, refuse, want, wish and so on. (Write them on the blackboard.) T: Very good. There are some verbs followed by either the Infinitive or the v.-ing form. Do you know what they are.'? Ss: Like, begin, continue, forget, regret, remember, start, stop, try'” T: Right. But attention please. The verbs “begin, continue, like, love, start” can be followed by either the Infinitive or the v. -ing form. (Bb: begin, continue, like, love, start)And they have the same meaning. While the verbs “for get, regret, remember, stop, try” can also be followed by the Infinitive or the v. -ing form. (Bb~ forget, regret, remember, stop, try) There are some differences between them. Now look at the examples on the screen. (Show the screen.) 1. I like playing football, but I don’t like to play it now. 2. I remember seeing her once somewhere. 3. I must remember to take my notebooks with me. T: From the first sentence, we know the v.-ing form is an action in general while the Infinitive is an action on a certain occasion. In the second and the third sentences, the v.-ing form is used for a past event while the infinitive is used for a future action. Are you clear? Ss.. Yes. T: Please translate the sentences into Chinese. One student , one sentence. S4:我喜欢踢足球,但现在不愿意。 S5:我记得在哪里见过她。 S6:我必须记住带上笔记本。 T: Good. When the Infinitive is used as Object and is followed by Object plement, we often use this structure. S. + V. + it + adj. In. + infinitive. (Write it on the blackboard.)Now please make some sentences with the structure. S7: I thought it unnecessary to argue with him about it. S8: He considers it his duty to help others. T: Very good. Which verbs do you think can be followed by the Infinitive as Object plement? Ss: Advise, allow, ask, want, wish, order, tell, have, let, make, feel, hear, watch, see… T: Yes. Some verbs, like “advise, allow, ask, want, wish…” must be followed by the Infinitive with “to”, while the verbs “ have, let, make, feel, hear, watch, see…” must be followed by the Infinitive without "to". (Bb: advise, allow, ask, want, wish, order,… have, let, make, feel, hear, watch…) But you mustn't forget “to” in the passive voice. Look at the examples on the screen. (Show the screen.) 1. We often hear her sing the folk song.= She is often heard to sing the folk song. 2. The girl wanted to go dancing, but her mother told her not to T: In the second sentence, “not” is put before the Infinitive. (Bb: not to do sth. ) To avoid repetition, the verb after the sign "to" is often omitted. But “to” can't be left out. This is done after such verbs as,, want, wish, like, love, hope, plan, try, hate etc. Now look at the examples on the screen. (Show the screen.) 1.-Would you like to e to a party? -I’d love to. 2.-Have you listened -No, but I plan to. 3. You don't have to eat it if you don't want to. T: When the infinitive phrase is used as subject, the formal subject “it” is often used, that is, “It's+n./adj. + infinitive”. If we need to tell who performs the action of the infinitive, we can put "for sb./for sb. " before the infinitive. (Bb: It's + adj. / n. + for/of sb. + infinitive.)Some adjectives, such as, kind, good, wise, stupid, foolish, careless, clever…, must be followed by “of sb. to do sth. ” In this case, the sentence emphasizes “per- son”. If we use “for sb. to do sth.” it emphasizes “thing”. Please look at the sentences on the screen and pare them, then fill in the blanks with “of” or “for”. (Show the exercise on the screen.) 1. It is silly us to believe her. 2. It is impossible the task so soon. 3. It is nice you to help me. 4. It is necessary us to take exerci